451 CAOS Links 2011.08.12

Couchbase raises $14m. AppFog raises $8m. Much ado about Percona Live MySQL Conference and Expo. And more.

# Couchbase raised $14m in series C funding for its NoSQL database.

# AppFog raised $8m series B funding for its PHP-based platform-as-a-service.

# Percona announced its plans to host a Percona Live MySQL Conference and Expo on April 10-12, effectively replacing the O’Reilly MySQL Conference and Expo.

# The announcement sparked some rumblings of discomfort around the MySQL community with Giuseppe Maxia and Sheeri Cabral disputing Baron Schwartz’s claim that “to the best of our knowledge, no one else was planning one” and Monty Widenius stating that he had “personally talked with Percona about this a few weeks ago”.

# SkySQL’s Kaj Arno also called for the community to rally around an event focused on users, while Henrik Ingo welcomed the Percona event and doubted whether plans for a vendor-neutral event had got very far. Roland Bouman also voiced his support for the event.

# Red Hat announced that its Red Hat OpenShift Platform-as-a-Service now supports Java Enterprise Edition 6

# Jaspersoft announced Self-Service Express, offering open source users BI documentation and knowledge base articles.

# Microsoft apparently no longer thinks Linux is a competitive threat to its desktop business.

# Cisco and Twitter joined the Open Invention Network.

# Fabrizio Capobianco asked if there really is room for a third mobile OS.

# Alembic 1.0, the open source computer graphics interchange format jointly developed by Sony Pictures Imageworks and Lucasfilm was released.

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Economy up or down, can open source come out on top?

We’ve written about how a bad economy is indeed good for open source software. We’ve also recognized that with open source software’s maturity and place at the enterprise software table, a bad economy can be a double-edged sword for open source since the failure or fade of large enterprise customers, say big banks, hurts open source vendors right alongside traditional software providers.

What is interesting is that after a couple of years of economic rebuilding, we’ve seen recently how open source is being driven by innovation, particularly in cloud computing, where open source is prevalent and disruptive, and also mobile computing, which continues to be impacted by openness.

Given recent economic developments around the globe, I’m wondering whether we may see a return of cost as the main driver and benefit of open source software in the enterprise. Recent conversations with vendors and customers illustrates the fact that the motivation for adopting open source is not always the main benefit from open source. For example, open source users and customers identified cost as the main reason for adopting open source when we asked more than 1,700 of them two years ago. However, when the same group was asked what was the main benefit from open source, the top pick was flexibility. We also saw dramatic increases in factors such as performance and reliability when comparing drivers for adoption and benefits from adoption. Still, just as we’ve seen unpaid community Linux lead to paid subscription Linux and also paid Linux lead to more unpaid community Linux use, it can go both ways with open source advantages, as well. One recent conversation with an up-and-coming, open source-centered vendor in the NoSQL space highlighted how many large enterprise customers are deploying open source in divisional, departmental, pilot and other limited form to replace traditional databases primarily for flexibility, performance and similar reasons, but finding the cost savings to be significant and worthy of wider deployment.

This begs the question whether open source software, driven by its myriad of advantages for different contexts, finds a way to win regardless of whether economic conditions are good or bad? There’s no question open source has displayed staying power throughout both. We should also point out that these advantages and factors end up putting a lot of pressure on open source software development and projects, given there are inherent expectations of cost-savings, flexibility, speed, performance, scalability, etc. As we’ve highlighted recently, open source is not always the correct route for enterprise ogranizations. However, we do believe that if done properly, open source projects and communities can and do deliver benefits that enable both providers and consumers of technology.

Similar to sales and marketing, longevity, economic and developer opportunity, open core, etc., it all boils down to the community, which in a good economy tends to drive innovation and value or in a bad economy serves as a source of cost efficiency, savings and survival. That is, of course, if the community is properly supported in code, cash, contributions and stewardship that still allows open source to do its thing.

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451 CAOS Links 2011.08.09

Opscode appoints a new CEO. SugarCRM gains a new CFO. And more.

# Opscode named Mitch Hill as CEO, with Jesse Robbins becoming Chief Community Officer.

# SugarCRM claimed billings up 58% in Q2 and appointed a new CFO.

# Tasktop released Tasktop Dev 2.1 and announced Tasktop Sync 1.0.

# Pentaho delivered improved support for Hadoop and various NoSQL database projects.

# The openSUSE community approved its strategy document.

# Dustin Kirkland described the Ubuntu Orchestra Project.

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Commercial gains and community pains

Recent conversations at OSCON, which I’ve attended since 2004, as well as observations through talks with vendors, users and developers in open source all indicate a common theme: With commercial successes for open source software come some community growing pains. This was also illustrated to some extent by the attendance, content and vibe at this year’s OSCON, a good annual check on where commercial open source software stands in its ongoing maturation, evolution and disruption.

Full article at LinuxInsider

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CAOS Theory Podcast 2011.08.05

Topics for this podcast:

*Our latest special report, ‘Going Open, Going Closed’
*OpenStack marks one year with commercial success, community concerns
*Couchbase previews fruit of integration, unstructured query language
*OSCON and where we are in enterprise open source
*Vendor-led community projects discussed

iTunes or direct download (35:25, 6.1MB)

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451 CAOS Links 2011.08.05

Google and Microsoft trade patent claims. Actuate announces Q2 results. And more.

# Google accused Microsoft, Oracle, Apple and other companies of organising a hostile patent campaign against Android. That prompted Microsoft executives to claim that Microsoft invited Google to be involved in the CPTN purchase of Novell’s patents. However, Google explained that joining CPTN might have decreased its ability to defend itself against potential patent claims.

# Actuate announced its Q2 financial results, including BIRT-related license business of $5.3m, up 130% year-over-year.

# Dell and Cloudera announced a combined hardware, software, support and services offering for Apache Hadoop.

# France and Tunisia have signed a joint declaration on governmental cooperation on open source software.

# Mitchell Baker explained the Mozilla Foundation’s Gecko project.

# VisionMobile published a report assessing the relative openness of Android, MeeGo, Linux, Qt, WebKit, Mozilla, Eclipse and Symbian.

# Sandro Groganz published an article on the benefits of the community for partners of open source vendors.

# Twitter announced plans to release its Storm distributed stream processing software as an open source project.

# Georg Greve discussed his perspective on freedom in the cloud.

# MySQL performance specialist Percona celebrated its fifth birthday, now with 50 employees and 1,200 customers.

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451 CAOS Links 2011.08.02

Talend announces rapid growth. Jaspersoft hires community development director. And more.

# Talend grew 153% in the first six months of 2011, and now claims 2,500 paying customers.

# Jaspersoft appointed Matthew Geise as the company’s senior director of community development.

# The Document Foundation announced LibreOffice 3.4.2, targeting both private individuals and enterprises.

# FuseSource unveiled Fuse IDE 2.0, and updated version of its Eclipse-based integrated development environment.

# Gorilla Logic announced the availability of FlexMonkey 5 the latest version of its open source automated testing tool for Adobe Flex and AIR.

# GNU Emacs has been violating the GPL since 2009.

# Drupal data migration specialist Cyrve has been acquired by Acquia.

# A protest by Swiss proprietary software vendors is reportedly delaying the publication of federally-developed open source software.

# Chrome has overtaken Firefox in UK browser share.

# Dave Neary and Dawn Foster presented their thoughts and experiences of measuring open source community metrics.

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Vendor-led community projects? Don’t forget your hat

Brian Proffitt asked an interesting question last week with regards to the OpenStack project: ‘can a commercial vendor lead a project as openly as a foundation?’

It’s an interesting question, and one that is particularly prescient given the observed re-balancing of control and community.

In fact. we’ve previously cited OpenStack as an example of this shift towards community, given that it was designed to be more open than the alternative and the organisations behind it specifically chose distributed copyright ownership and a non-copyleft license, as well as a promise of openness in order to shift the balance away from vendor control towards community.

The project has not been without its controversial moments, but we have been bullish about the project’s success given that Rackspace does not plan any commercial licensing or products to generate revenue from OpenStack (although it is offering services and support for OpenStack via Rackspace Cloud Builders).

Additionally, while the common perception of vendor-led projects would suggest that there is a disjoint between vendor-control and collaborative development, there are clear examples of community projects led by a single commercial interest.

One of the primary examples of this is the Fedora Project, sponsored by Red Hat but maintained and driven by the community. While the Fedora Project has not been without tension, I think most people would agree that by and large it has successfully balanced control and community.

Fedora is also an interesting example given Brian’s question about whether a foundation is required to protect the independence of an open source project.

Red Hat announced in 2005 that it was to set up an independent Fedora Foundation, only to change its mind less than a year later.

One of the reasons behind the change of heart had to do with the complexity of setting up an independent 501(c)3 nonprofit organization – in particular the need to raise one third of its funding from public sources within four years.

Given the resources Red Hat commits to the project it was thought to be impractical that one third of Red Hat’s commitment could be raised from the public. For example, it was estimated that the Fedora Foundation would need to raise $750k a year to cover bandwidth costs alone.

This highlights something important about open source foundations: it is a lot easier to demand one than it is to set one up, whatever the theoretical advantages might be.

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451 CAOS Links 2011.07.29

Open Cloud Initiative launches. HP joins OpenStack. Oracle releases Java 7. And more.

# The Open Cloud Initiative launched to drive open standards in cloud computing.

# HP announced its support for OpenStack.

# Oracle announced the availability of Java SE 7. The Apache Software Foundation warned of index corruption and crashes in Apache Lucene and Solr.

# Nebula launched with plans for a turnkey OpenStack hardware appliance.

# Concurrent raised $900K in seed funding for Hadoop-based workflow engine.

# Couchbase and SQLite teamed up to create UnQL (Unstructured Query Language), a new data query language for unstructured data.

# Couchbase released a developer preview of Couchbase Server 2.0, combining CouchDB and Membase.

# OpenLogic published its scorecard to assess how well a particular Platform-as-a-Service offering meets the standard of ‘open’.

# Brian Proffitt asked can a commercial vendor lead a project as openly as a foundation?

# Gluster announced the Gluster Connector for OpenStack.

# Google released its LevelDB key value storage engine using the BSD license.

# SkySQL introduced SkySQL Recovery Manager, a MySQL backup and recovery offering powered by Zmanda.

# Metasploit announced the launch of Metasploit Pro 4.0.

# WANdisco partnered with CloudBees to offer Jenkins with WANdisco’s uberSVN application lifecycle management platform for Apache Subversion.

# Brian Proffitt reported on how innovation is the new draw of open source.

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Contemplating innovation, openness, clouds at OSCON

The annual OSCON conference is and should be about open source, but some different conversations, companies and of course new code all make the show a good milepost to check what is driving open source, what the current debates are, who is winning criticism and praise and what is making open source matter most in enterprise IT.

This year’s OSCON was marked by some new ventures, companies and faces in and around open source. It also became clear after several conversations with vendors, developers and users that the biggest driver of open source software in the enterprise today seems to be innovation. What else would be driving open source? Well, when we asked customers nearly two years ago, the clear, primary driver was cost. Customers and users also rated flexibility as both a top driver of open source adoption and a benefit of open source after adoption. However, even then we saw a significant jump for factors such as performance and reliability when comparing driver of adoption and benefit from adoption. This indicated to us that the reasons for and advantages from open source software were shifting from simply cost-effectiveness and less expensive alternatives to innovative reasons that dealt more with capabilities, functionality. Time and cost will always be big factors, but it has been interesting to watch this transition, and OSCON appears to be a milepost that we’ve reached a point where innovation trumps other factors most of the time. We will be doing more research into open source software and what’s driving it, particularly in cloud computing, later this year.

Another major part of OSCON this year was the discussion and debate about openness in cloud computing. Microsoft introduced the idea of ‘open surface,’ indicating that openness in today’s cloud computing environment is less about source code and open source and more about SLAs, terms of use and contracts. This is an important and valid point and illustrates a question I’ve posed before regarding what is open enough? Still, we see the cloud building and stack components, which are almost completely open source, and it becomes clear that open source is a fundamental part of openness in today’s IT environments.

This is the role of open source software that I discussed when considering it along with open standards, open clouds and open data as the keys to openness in today’s enterprise IT.

We also saw another perspective on open clouds emerge at OSCON, and this time from a more organic source than the Open Cloud Manifesto that emerged from IBM and was received with some skepticism given it was a vendor effort. Instead the Open Cloud Initiative has been formed to lay out not technologies, not standards, but principles intended to keep customers, their software and their data open and free of lock-in, which has crept back up to the top of customers minds, particularly in cloud computing. While it benefits from having some true thought leaders in open source and cloud computing who work for powerful vendors, the OCI is focused on being a non-vendor organization. This is partly why it was set up as a non-profit, according to OCI board director John Mark Walker, who is joined by OCI President and Founder Sam Johnston and fellow directors Rick Clark, Marc Fleischmann, Shanley Kane, Sam Ramji and Simon Wardley, among others.

The OCI intends, with community input, to provide a legal framework for cloud computing vendors and users to come together on requirements that can be applied to products and services in the market. The organization has formed key principles around interoperability, user portability and standards that include copyrights, patents, trademarks and implementations. The idea is to ensure that cloud computing services are open enough for users to move among them without having certain parts of their infrastructure, applications or data locked or silod with a single provider or consortium. It’s an admirable effort and will hopefully add to the pressure to keep cloud computing open.

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Going Open, Going Closed: best practices and lessons learned

The 451 Group’s CAOS practice last week published its latest long format report: Going Open, Going Closed.

The report is the latest in a series from the 451 CAOS practice examining the impact of open source on business strategies. As previously indicated, it takes a look at a number of vendors that have successfully ‘gone open’, including WANdisco, JetBrains, SAP, Intuit, and VMware.

It also tracks the progress (or lack thereof) of the vendors profiled in our 2007 Going Open report, including Covalent, Hyperic, Ingres, Intalio, Jaspersoft, Laszlo Systems, Openclovis and Qlusters.

Finally, it also takes a look at vendors that have walked away from, or at least decreased their engagement with, open source licensing and development projects, investigating the reasons why they failed to gain the expected benefits from open source – or open source failed to meet their requirements.

The vendors that fall under this category include Calpont, GroundWork, KnowledgeTree, Symbian and SnapLogic. To be clear with regard to the report’s title , we would consider all of the following vendors to still be ‘open’ to some degree. As the report explains, however, they are not as open as, perhaps, they once were.

The report also includes more in-depth analysis of themes discussed in recent blog posts, such as the decline of ‘open source’ as an identifying differentiator, and the commercial open source window of opportunity, as well as a list of the best practices for software vendors considering an open source move and the lessons learned from those vendors that have had less successful engagements with open source licensing.

Our key findings:

  • The trend of closed source companies adopting open source software licensing and development methods has continued apace since our previous report.
  • Contrary to our initial expectations, however, there have been relatively few business-model shifts in the years following the publication of that report.
  • At the same time, there has been an explosion in the amount of M&A activity involving open-source-related vendors.
  • There is also a small but growing list of vendors that have backed away from open source licensing and development strategies, opting instead for ‘shared source,’ ‘freemium’ or SaaS-based approaches.
  • The fact that closed source vendors are not dependent on directly monetizing open source software gives them the freedom to relax control and encourage community through more permissive strategies.
  • Going open is not an either/or option for most companies, but a matter of applying the benefits of open source to their advantage while retaining an established closed source business, where appropriate.
  • While early approaches to going open were based on new vendors exploiting licensing to disrupt the existing market, we have also seen the emergence of approaches that involve incumbent vendors maintaining the status quo and avoiding disruption.
  • Shifting an entire business model to take advantage of open source licensing and development is a difficult process that is not to be taken lightly.
  • By comparison, it is easier for existing vendors to acquire vendor-led open source projects, engage with an existing foundation, or encourage open source development that complements their closed source software.
  • Open source is not a panacea. This is true of closed source vendors trying to reinvigorate a distressed product, but also of specialist vendors building a business around an open source project.
  • Strategies for ‘going open’ have become more nuanced as both closed source vendors and open source specialists have come to better understand the benefits and limitations of open source.

The overall conclusion is that ‘going open’ is a complicated and difficult process that requires concerted effort and an understanding of best practices, as well as the lessons learned from companies ‘going closed.’ Overall, the report presents an impartial overview of the strengths and weaknesses of open source strategies, the successes to replicate and the mistakes to avoid.

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The open card in the mobile game

I wrote last year about the way Google’s Android mobile operating system was serving as a more open alternative to Apple’s iOS, but not so open that it didn’t leave opportunity for an even more open alternative.

Given that we continue to see software patent-based attacks on Android, as well as swirling FUD around coverage of the attacks and never ending suits and settlements and courtroom developments, it is clear it will be a long time before any of this legal business is ever close to settled, unless ended by settlements first, which is likely.

However, I’m more interested in the technology in the meantime. I also think it’s interesting to see, if not a ‘more open’ alternative emerging, at least another, ‘somewhat open’ option in the tablet market, this being HP’s WebOS. It’s interesting that WebOS evolved from Palm, which HP acquired in March 2010 for $1.4 billion. Though Apple’s iPad is still the clear leader in tablets, it is interesting to see continuing signs that what happened in smartphones (where iPhone led and Android quickly caught up and then passed iOS) may be happening in tablets. There is also still the possibility that tablets may play out like netbooks, with wild popularity followed by a fade in favor of more traditional PCs for traditional PC needs. It is interesting to note that Google’s Eric Schmidt recently commented on the continued utility of PCs, which will remain key to professionals, consumers, and also developers, largely because of the tactical keyboard. What is most likely is continued convergence, and it will be interesting to see what ties emerge between WebOS and PCs as computer hardware giant HP rolls out the OS in tablets and smartphones.

We also see other signs that new, open entrants may be mixing things up in the mobile and converged device market, such as word of a possible Android and iOS competitor from Mozilla. There is yet another project that is already a factor in netbooks, other mobile devices and the burgeoning IT market of automobile information and entertainment systems, MeeGo, which is also open source. Even Research in Motion’s Playbook is based on the QNX operating system, for which source code was made available by its previous owner to make it more like the open source Linux OS, which was attracting developers and interesting customers.

We believed there was a fairly prominent place for open source software, open source operating systems and general openness in mobile software when we wrote our report, Mobility Matters three years ago, but we would have never guessed that the openness of this software would be so significant in two respects: defense from patent and other intellectual property attacks; the market power of open source, which draws in not only developers, but manufacturers and other third-parties. We’ve seen the speed and strength at which a project and community such as Android can grow. Will we now begin to see other alternatives that are even more open emerge as top choices among developers, hardware companies, wireless players and consumers? Never before have those alternatives really existed in the mobile software world, so it’s good at least to see the possibility is there.

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451 CAOS Links 2011.07.26

CloudBees raises $10.5m. Microsoft commits $100m to SUSE. And more.

# CloudBees secured $10.5m in Series B venture funding.

# Microsoft renewed its vows with Attachmate’s SUSE business unit, committing to invest $100m in new SUSE Linux Enterprise certificates over the next four years.

# Oracle announced that it has acquired Ksplice, twhioch offers zero downtime update technology for Linux.

# Ingres announced that Steve Shine has been named Chief Executive Officer and President.

# Dell unveiled the Dell OpenStack Cloud Solution.

# DotNetNuke announced the immediate availability of DotNetNuke 6

# SkySQL announced a partnership with Yoshinori Matsunobu, to provide technical support, professional services, and training for MySQL Master High Availability Manager and Tools (MySQL MHA).

# Oracle provided early access to new features being lined up for MySQL 5.6.

# Abiquo tripled its cloud management business in the first half of 2011.

# Black Duck grew sales 37% in Q2.

# Mark Shuttleworth discussed the responsibilities of [copyright] ownership.

# Linux 3.0 has been released.

# The Document Foundation provided an illustration of its developer community.

# GigaOm considered what it means if Hortonworks doesn’t do distribution.

# Postgres has replaced MySQL as the default database for Apple OS X.

# Gluster announced the beta release of GlusterFS 3.3.

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451 CAOS Links 2011.07.20

Acquia raises $15m. Eclipse launches automotive project. And more.

# Acquia raised $15m in series D funding from Tenaya Capital as well as Northbridge Venture Partners and Sigma Partners.

# The Eclipse Foundation announced the creation of a new open source initiative to define a standard platform for software development tools in the automotive industry.

# Xamarin announced the availability of MonoTouch and Mono for Android and an agreement with SUSE including a perpetual license to all intellectual property covering Mono.

# The Joomla Project announced the availability of Joomla 1.7.0.

# Oracle announced Oracle VM VirtualBox 4.1.

# EnterpriseDB announced the Postgres Enterprise Manager beta.

# Microsoft was the fifth-largest corporate contributor to the Linux kernel version 3.0.0, as measured by the number of changes to its previous release.

# WSO2 announced the launch of the WSO2 StratosLive PaaS and WSO2 Stratos 1.5.

# Nginx creator Igor Sysoev announced plans to form a commercial company around the open source Web server.

# ScaleXtreme announced support for OpenStack and Citrix’s Project Olympus.

# Allison Randal posted some reflections on Harmony 1.0.

# Jaspersoft CEO Brian Gentile discussed four key areas Jaspersoft might be considering acquisitions following its recent funding.

# Jesus Rodriguez asked ‘is open source in the cloud still open source?’

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Eclipse illustrates open source development diversity

One of the common myths about open source software is that it is developed by communities of individuals. It is a myth that continues to propagate despite multiple sources of data that show the depth and breadth of corporate contributions to open source software.

Communities come in many shapes and sizes, however, and corporate-dominated projects don’t necessarily mean a lack of community or collaborative development.

As we have highlighted on numerous occasions, we are seeing growing focus on corporate-led open source communities. A prime example would be the Eclipse Foundation, which is clearly dominated by corporate interests but encourages a community effort to work together to with a joint purpose – to deliver the Indigo release for example.

Dig a little deeper and it becomes clear that Eclipse is not so much a community but a set of set of projects with their own communities, however.

Forrester’s Jeffrey Hammond once described Eclipse as neither a Cathedral nor a Bazaar, but a Mall, in which each project is the equivalent of an individual store, with its own needs and commercial drivers, but with a shared infrastructure and common purpose.

This is an excellent analogy (which is why I have borrowed it) and is important in understanding the nature of corporate-led open source development. While we often think of Eclipse as being a collaborative community process at the mall level it is also important to look at the individual projects to understand the level of collaboration and community at the store level.

Thanks to a new set of Eclipse project landing pages designed by Wayne Beaton it is now a lot easier to visualize the nature of each project. Using the project metadata and Google Charts APIs Wayne has been able to generate charts showing the level of company activity in individual projects for the last three months.

The results provide an indication of the level of collaboration in each project, and show that the projects differ considerably. To illustrate, below is a chart I have created from this data highlighting the vendors contributing to 22 Eclipse projects.

The sample is fairly random – it’s the first 22 projects and sub-projects from the alphabetical listing on the old Eclipse project page for which data was available. They are listed below in order of the number of active contributors, from 23 (e4) to 1 (Jetty downward).

The chart illustrates that the Eclipse Foundation includes both collaborative projects and those that are dominated by a single participant.

The dominant colour (not surprisingly) is blue, representing IBM, while Actuate (red) is also well represented. As can be seen by the amount of dark green, however, individuals are prominent in many Eclipse projects as well – dominating the Eclipse Communications Framework and GMT projects for example.

What this chart really illustrates, therefore, is the way in which the Eclipse Foundation is a microcosm of the wider open source ecosystem, comprising a blend of vendor-dominated projects, vendor-led collaborative communities, and communities of individual developers.

It would be fascinating to get similar data for other open source foundations – the Apache Software Foundation projects, for example.

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451 CAOS Links 2011.07.15

IBM offers Symphony to Apache OpenOffice. Jaspersoft raises $11m. And more.

# IBM announced that it will offer the Symphony source code to the Apache OpenOffice incubator for consideration. Bob Sutor explained how and why.

# Jaspersoft raised $11m in funding from Quest Software, Red Hat, SAP Ventures, Doll Capital Management, Morgenthaler Ventures, Partech International, Scale Venture Partners, and Adams Street Partners.

# The judge overseeing Oracle and Google’s intellectual property lawsuit said it is possible Google knew of its Java violation.

# SAP joined the OpenJDK project.

# Savio Rodrigues speculated that vSphere 5 licensing could open the door for open source.

# Simon Phipps rounded up reaction to the Harmony Project agreements and added his own perspective.

# The Zenoss Community Alliance was formed to revitlatize, and possibly fork, Zenoss Core.

# Gluster named Rob Bearden to its board of directors.

# Jaspersoft released Jaspersoft Studio, an open source BI design environment for Eclipse.

# Joyent and Cloud9 announced an agreement to provide web application developers with a cloud development and deployment platform for Node.js applications from within the Cloud9 IDE.

# With Stackato, ActiveState has extended Cloud Foundry to support Python and Perl.

# WANdisco launched professional uberSVN support.

# Heroku announced that Yukihiro Matsumoto, creator of theRuby programming language, will join Heroku as Chief Architect of Ruby.

# Tarus Balog discussed the importance of trademarks for an open source business.

# Microsoft was apparently the fifth-largest corporate contributor to the Linux kernel version 3.0.0, as measured by the number of changes to its previous release.

# Samba reportedly may consider accepting corporate-donated code.

# basysKom, Codero, Gluster and Nixu Open joined The Linux Foundation.

# Virtual Bridges joined the Open Virtualization Alliance.

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VC funding for OSS-related vendors in Q2

Venture capital funding for open source software-related vendors declined 32% in the first quarter. According to our preliminary figures, OSS-related vendors raised $96.9m in Q2, compared to $141.5m a year ago.

There were 15 deals in the quarter, 14 with a disclosed deal size, resulting in an average deal size of $6.9m. That compared with 22 in total and 21 disclosed in 2Q10, and an average deal size of $6.7m.

Early stage deals announced in the quarter included $3m for MongoLab and Typesafe, as well as $5m for cfEngine, $5.5m for Bacula Systems, and $6m for SQLStream. Later stage deals included $6.5m for WS02, $9.25m for Datameer, and $20m for OpenX.

The biggest round announced in the quarter was Rockmelt’s $30m round led by Accel Partners, Khosla Ventures and existing investor Andreessen Horowitz. Without that deal, funding in the quarter would have been down considerably on the same quarter last year.

As for the year to date, $176.7m was raised in the first half of 2011, compared to $226.1 in the first half of 2010.

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451 CAOS Links 2011.07.12

Citrix acquires Cloud.com. Funding for Piston and Zettaset. And more.

# Citrix acquired Cloud.com, reportedly for $200m-$250m.

# Piston Cloud Computing raised $4.5m to fund its efforts to commercialize OpenStack.

# GOTO Metrics re-launched as Zettaset with a Hadoop-based data management platform and $3m in funding.

# Red Hat launched JBoss Application Server 7

# The Document Foundation provided an update on its efforts to establish as legal entity.

# Google’s rivals have been accused of colluding against Android.

# Carlo Daffara explained how it could have been so different.

# Opengear hired Rick Stevenson as CEO.

# rPath announced the launch of its OpenStack Compute Appliance.

# DataStax launched version 1.2 of DataStax OpsCenter for Apache Cassandra and Hadoop.

# Facebook banned Open-Xchange’s OX.IO export tool.

# Nuxeo announced that Nuxeo Document Management is available in the Ubuntu software partner catalog.

# Richard Fontana continued his explanation of the problem with the Harmony project.

# Debian and SFLC published patent advice for community distributions.

# Mandriva appointed a new president of its executive board.

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What the world’s fastest systems say about Linux

I’ve been tracking the Top500 Supercomputer List with a particular eye on Linux for some time now, highlighting how Linux continues to power the majority of the world’s fastest supercomputing systems. So it’s no surprise to see continued dominance for Linux, but there are some interesting changes every six months when the new fastest supercomputer system list comes out. The most recent list, released last month, reinforces Linux leadership as every single one of the top 10 fastest supercomputing systems in the world runs Linux. We had previously seen Linux in four of the top five systems or seven to eight of the top 10, but this year was marked by a sweep of the top 10 for Tux.

Read more at LinuxInsider.

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CAOS Theory Podcast 2011.07.08

Topics for this podcast:

*Numerous vendors pursuing PaaS
*Update on MongoDB vendor 10gen
*Structure Conference and Future of Cloud Survey
*LexisNexis open sources its platform amid Hadoop
*Decline of differentiation from open source
*Open source shows staying power in cloud, mobile

iTunes or direct download (30:01, 5.1MB)

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