451 CAOS Links 2011.12.09

Funding for BlazeMeter and Digital Reasoning. Red Hat goes unstructured. And more.

# BlazeMeter announced $1.2m in Series A funding and launched the a cloud service for load and performance testing.

# Digital Reasoning announced a second round of funding to help develop its Hadoop-based analytics offering.

# Red Hat announced the availability of Red Hat Storage Software Appliance, based on its recent acquisition of Gluster.

# Red Hat also announced the general availability of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.2.

# Jaspersoft released Jaspersoft 4.5, delivering drag-and-drop analytics and reporting on Apache Hadoop, NoSQL and analytic databases.

# Jaspersoft also delivered a second-generation native connector to MongoDB.

# CloudBees announced the availability of Jenkins Enterprise by CloudBees providing support and enhanced capabilities for the Jenkins Continuous Integration platform.

# Diaspora* is back in action, and outlined its plans.

# Talend announced that Bi3 Solutions has embedded Talend Integration Suite inside its Software-as-a-Service platform.

# DataStax announced new versions of Apache Cassandra, DataStax Community, and DataStax Enterprise.

# The H reported that Microsoft’s Windows Store agreement has open source exception.

# Black Duck Software announced the release of Export 6.0.

# Antelink launched SourceSquare, a free open source scanning engine.

451 CAOS Links 2011.10.25

Microsoft: “more than half your Android devices are belong to us”. And more

# Microsoft claimed that more than half of the world’s ODM industry for Android and Chrome devices is now under license to Microsoft’s patent portfolio following its agreement with Compal Electronics.

# Hadapt expanded its board of directors and confirmed its $9.5m series A funding round.

# Appcelerator entered into an agreement to acquire the Particle Code mobile gaming and HTML5 development platform.

# Jaspersoft and IBM are working together to combine InfoSphere BigInsights with Jaspersoft’s full BI suite.

# Karmasphere announced its new Hadoop Virtual Appliance for IBM InfoSphere BigInsights.

# Neo Technology launched Spring Data Neo4j 2.0.

# Opscode extended Chef, Hosted Chef and Private Chef to provide infrastructure automation in Windows environments.

# Sourcefire announced plans to support Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization

# Percona added support for MySQL Cluster.

# Avere Systems partnered with Nexenta Systems to combine Avere’s FXT Series of appliances and Nexenta’s NexentaStor open source ZFS technology.

# The Qt project is now up and running.

# Zed A Shaw explained why he has licensed Lamson under the GPL.

451 CAOS Links 2011.09.27

Riak goes 1.0. Jaspersoft targets mobile. R on Hadoop. And more.

# Basho Technologies announced the impending release of Riak 1.0.

# Jaspersoft focused on mobile business intelligence with the release of Jaspersoft Business Intelligence Suite 4.2.

# Revolution Analytics and Cloudera partnered on RevoConnectR for Apache Hadoop.

# Amazon removed the ‘beta’ tag fro Amazon Linux AMI.

# Terracotta launched version Terracotta 3.6, adding Automatic Resource Control to its in-memory cache.

# Lucid Imagination announced the launch of LucidWorks LucidWorks Platform 2.0.

# Gluster announced a partnership with services company CSS Corp.

# OSS Watch published its licence differentiator, a tool to help users select an open source software license.

# Glyn Moody described what can be learned from the Apache Way.

# PHYAURA launched the open source community edition of PHYAURA EHR electronic health record platform.

451 CAOS Links 2011.08.12

Couchbase raises $14m. AppFog raises $8m. Much ado about Percona Live MySQL Conference and Expo. And more.

# Couchbase raised $14m in series C funding for its NoSQL database.

# AppFog raised $8m series B funding for its PHP-based platform-as-a-service.

# Percona announced its plans to host a Percona Live MySQL Conference and Expo on April 10-12, effectively replacing the O’Reilly MySQL Conference and Expo.

# The announcement sparked some rumblings of discomfort around the MySQL community with Giuseppe Maxia and Sheeri Cabral disputing Baron Schwartz’s claim that “to the best of our knowledge, no one else was planning one” and Monty Widenius stating that he had “personally talked with Percona about this a few weeks ago”.

# SkySQL’s Kaj Arno also called for the community to rally around an event focused on users, while Henrik Ingo welcomed the Percona event and doubted whether plans for a vendor-neutral event had got very far. Roland Bouman also voiced his support for the event.

# Red Hat announced that its Red Hat OpenShift Platform-as-a-Service now supports Java Enterprise Edition 6

# Jaspersoft announced Self-Service Express, offering open source users BI documentation and knowledge base articles.

# Microsoft apparently no longer thinks Linux is a competitive threat to its desktop business.

# Cisco and Twitter joined the Open Invention Network.

# Fabrizio Capobianco asked if there really is room for a third mobile OS.

# Alembic 1.0, the open source computer graphics interchange format jointly developed by Sony Pictures Imageworks and Lucasfilm was released.

451 CAOS Links 2011.08.02

Talend announces rapid growth. Jaspersoft hires community development director. And more.

# Talend grew 153% in the first six months of 2011, and now claims 2,500 paying customers.

# Jaspersoft appointed Matthew Geise as the company’s senior director of community development.

# The Document Foundation announced LibreOffice 3.4.2, targeting both private individuals and enterprises.

# FuseSource unveiled Fuse IDE 2.0, and updated version of its Eclipse-based integrated development environment.

# Gorilla Logic announced the availability of FlexMonkey 5 the latest version of its open source automated testing tool for Adobe Flex and AIR.

# GNU Emacs has been violating the GPL since 2009.

# Drupal data migration specialist Cyrve has been acquired by Acquia.

# A protest by Swiss proprietary software vendors is reportedly delaying the publication of federally-developed open source software.

# Chrome has overtaken Firefox in UK browser share.

# Dave Neary and Dawn Foster presented their thoughts and experiences of measuring open source community metrics.

Going Open, Going Closed: best practices and lessons learned

The 451 Group’s CAOS practice last week published its latest long format report: Going Open, Going Closed.

The report is the latest in a series from the 451 CAOS practice examining the impact of open source on business strategies. As previously indicated, it takes a look at a number of vendors that have successfully ‘gone open’, including WANdisco, JetBrains, SAP, Intuit, and VMware.

It also tracks the progress (or lack thereof) of the vendors profiled in our 2007 Going Open report, including Covalent, Hyperic, Ingres, Intalio, Jaspersoft, Laszlo Systems, Openclovis and Qlusters.

Finally, it also takes a look at vendors that have walked away from, or at least decreased their engagement with, open source licensing and development projects, investigating the reasons why they failed to gain the expected benefits from open source – or open source failed to meet their requirements.

The vendors that fall under this category include Calpont, GroundWork, KnowledgeTree, Symbian and SnapLogic. To be clear with regard to the report’s title , we would consider all of the following vendors to still be ‘open’ to some degree. As the report explains, however, they are not as open as, perhaps, they once were.

The report also includes more in-depth analysis of themes discussed in recent blog posts, such as the decline of ‘open source’ as an identifying differentiator, and the commercial open source window of opportunity, as well as a list of the best practices for software vendors considering an open source move and the lessons learned from those vendors that have had less successful engagements with open source licensing.

Our key findings:

  • The trend of closed source companies adopting open source software licensing and development methods has continued apace since our previous report.
  • Contrary to our initial expectations, however, there have been relatively few business-model shifts in the years following the publication of that report.
  • At the same time, there has been an explosion in the amount of M&A activity involving open-source-related vendors.
  • There is also a small but growing list of vendors that have backed away from open source licensing and development strategies, opting instead for ‘shared source,’ ‘freemium’ or SaaS-based approaches.
  • The fact that closed source vendors are not dependent on directly monetizing open source software gives them the freedom to relax control and encourage community through more permissive strategies.
  • Going open is not an either/or option for most companies, but a matter of applying the benefits of open source to their advantage while retaining an established closed source business, where appropriate.
  • While early approaches to going open were based on new vendors exploiting licensing to disrupt the existing market, we have also seen the emergence of approaches that involve incumbent vendors maintaining the status quo and avoiding disruption.
  • Shifting an entire business model to take advantage of open source licensing and development is a difficult process that is not to be taken lightly.
  • By comparison, it is easier for existing vendors to acquire vendor-led open source projects, engage with an existing foundation, or encourage open source development that complements their closed source software.
  • Open source is not a panacea. This is true of closed source vendors trying to reinvigorate a distressed product, but also of specialist vendors building a business around an open source project.
  • Strategies for ‘going open’ have become more nuanced as both closed source vendors and open source specialists have come to better understand the benefits and limitations of open source.

The overall conclusion is that ‘going open’ is a complicated and difficult process that requires concerted effort and an understanding of best practices, as well as the lessons learned from companies ‘going closed.’ Overall, the report presents an impartial overview of the strengths and weaknesses of open source strategies, the successes to replicate and the mistakes to avoid.

451 CAOS Links 2011.07.20

Acquia raises $15m. Eclipse launches automotive project. And more.

# Acquia raised $15m in series D funding from Tenaya Capital as well as Northbridge Venture Partners and Sigma Partners.

# The Eclipse Foundation announced the creation of a new open source initiative to define a standard platform for software development tools in the automotive industry.

# Xamarin announced the availability of MonoTouch and Mono for Android and an agreement with SUSE including a perpetual license to all intellectual property covering Mono.

# The Joomla Project announced the availability of Joomla 1.7.0.

# Oracle announced Oracle VM VirtualBox 4.1.

# EnterpriseDB announced the Postgres Enterprise Manager beta.

# Microsoft was the fifth-largest corporate contributor to the Linux kernel version 3.0.0, as measured by the number of changes to its previous release.

# WSO2 announced the launch of the WSO2 StratosLive PaaS and WSO2 Stratos 1.5.

# Nginx creator Igor Sysoev announced plans to form a commercial company around the open source Web server.

# ScaleXtreme announced support for OpenStack and Citrix’s Project Olympus.

# Allison Randal posted some reflections on Harmony 1.0.

# Jaspersoft CEO Brian Gentile discussed four key areas Jaspersoft might be considering acquisitions following its recent funding.

# Jesus Rodriguez asked ‘is open source in the cloud still open source?’

451 CAOS Links 2011.07.15

IBM offers Symphony to Apache OpenOffice. Jaspersoft raises $11m. And more.

# IBM announced that it will offer the Symphony source code to the Apache OpenOffice incubator for consideration. Bob Sutor explained how and why.

# Jaspersoft raised $11m in funding from Quest Software, Red Hat, SAP Ventures, Doll Capital Management, Morgenthaler Ventures, Partech International, Scale Venture Partners, and Adams Street Partners.

# The judge overseeing Oracle and Google’s intellectual property lawsuit said it is possible Google knew of its Java violation.

# SAP joined the OpenJDK project.

# Savio Rodrigues speculated that vSphere 5 licensing could open the door for open source.

# Simon Phipps rounded up reaction to the Harmony Project agreements and added his own perspective.

# The Zenoss Community Alliance was formed to revitlatize, and possibly fork, Zenoss Core.

# Gluster named Rob Bearden to its board of directors.

# Jaspersoft released Jaspersoft Studio, an open source BI design environment for Eclipse.

# Joyent and Cloud9 announced an agreement to provide web application developers with a cloud development and deployment platform for Node.js applications from within the Cloud9 IDE.

# With Stackato, ActiveState has extended Cloud Foundry to support Python and Perl.

# WANdisco launched professional uberSVN support.

# Heroku announced that Yukihiro Matsumoto, creator of theRuby programming language, will join Heroku as Chief Architect of Ruby.

# Tarus Balog discussed the importance of trademarks for an open source business.

# Microsoft was apparently the fifth-largest corporate contributor to the Linux kernel version 3.0.0, as measured by the number of changes to its previous release.

# Samba reportedly may consider accepting corporate-donated code.

# basysKom, Codero, Gluster and Nixu Open joined The Linux Foundation.

# Virtual Bridges joined the Open Virtualization Alliance.

451 CAOS Links 2011.07.01

A herd of Hadoop announcements. Rockmelt raises $30m. And more.

A herd of Hadoop announcements
# Yahoo! and Benchmark Capital confirmed the formation of Hortonworks, an independent company focused on the development and support of Apache Hadoop.

# Cloudera announced the availability of Cloudera Enterprise 3.5 and the launch of Cloudera SCM Express, based on the new Service and Configuration Manager in Cloudera Enterprise 3.5.

# MapR announced the availability of the M3 and M5 editions of its Distribution for Apache Hadoop.

# Platform Computing announced it has signed the Apache Corporate Contributor License Agreement allowing the company to contribute to the Apache Hadoop project, and launched its Platform MapReduce runtime engine.

# Platfora is another new company hoping to make its mark with Hadoop.

# Karmasphere launched the Karmasphere Studio Community Hadoop Virtual Appliance for developers.

# StackIQ announced the beta release of Rocks+ Big Data, a cluster automation offering for Apache Hadoop.

The best of the rest
# Rockmelt raised $30m in a series B funding round led by Accel Partners, Khosla Ventures and existing investor Andreessen Horowitz.

# BeyondTrust acquired Likewise Software’s Likewise Enterprise and Likewise Open products, re-branding them as PowerBroker Identity Services, Enterprise and Open Edition, leaving Likewise focusing on its open source-based Likewise Storage Services product.

# Basho Technologies named Donald J. Rippert, former chief technology officer of Accenture, as president and chief executive officer and closed the remainder of its previously announced funding round.

# Matt Asay compared VMware and Red Hat’s approaches to open source PaaS.

# Miguel de Icaza provided an update on the formation of Xamarin.

# Jaspersoft CEO Brian Gentile suggested that it is a sin to use open source software without contributing money or time, prompting a predictable response from Pentaho inviting guilt-free use of its offerings.

# EnterpriseDB announced the general availability of Postgres Plus Advanced Server 9.0.

# CASH Music highlighted the problems faced by open source groups filing for federal 501(c)(3) non-profit status.

# Microsoft signed Android-related patent deals with Onkyo and Velocity Micro.

# Talend announced that its announced that MDM Enterprise Edition, open source Master Data Management software can now handle more than 100 million records on a single $1200 server.

# Shadow-Soft signed a deal with SkySQL enabling it to resell SkySQL products, training and services in the U.S.

451 CAOS Links 2011.05.10

EMC launches Greenplum HD. DataStax releases Brisk. And more.

# EMC launched its Greenplum HD Hadoop distribution, with the support of Jaspersoft, Pentaho, and SnapLogic, among others.

# DataStax released its Brisk Hadoop distribution, based on CassandraFS.

# NetApp launched a new Hadoop-focused storage products based on its E-Series Platform.

# Sonatype committed to donating all its Maven 3.x related work to the Hudson project.

# Novell will reportedly continue to support LibreOffice.

# SGI expanded its support for the Lustre File System.

# ForgeRock launched a new open source community, OpenICF, to host multi-purpose connectors using the Identity Connector Framework.

# MuleSoft introduced Mule Studio, an Eclipse-based graphical design tool for its ESB.

# Talend introduced Talend ESB Standard Edition – an open source enterprise service bus and updated its data integration, data quality and master data management products.

# Puppet Labs released MCollective version 1.2.0.

# Vyatta and Cloud.com partnered on connectivity and security for cloud infrastructures.

# Red Hat joined the Board of Directors of the Distributed Management Task Force.

# Mellanox introduced application acceleration technology targeting two Hadoop and Memchached.

# The SCO Group changed its name to TSG Group, Inc.

451 CAOS Links 2011.04.01

James Gosling joins Google. UK Govt tries again at an OSS strategy. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# James Gosling joined Google.

# The UK Government published a (nother) new OSS-friendly ICT strategy.

# Savio Rodrigues argued that openness is irrelevant to Android’s growth.

# Collaborative Software Initiative raised $3.7m in new capital investment.

# (Most of) the Symbian source code is now available to partners.

# Likewise claimed 100,000 users of Likewise Open.

# Sauce Labs introduced the Sauce Builder testing tool for Selenium.

# ObjectLabs’ MongoLab hosted MongoDB is now available on Rackspace Cloud.

# Roberto Galoppini shared his thoughts on the potential evolution of the Open Source Initiative.

# Google’s Chris DiBona explained why the company bans the internal use of the AGPL.

# Hive gets production polish.

# Infobright partnered with Zend to improve analytics performance for PHP applications.

# Red Hat CEO said business intelligence is high on acquisition list.

# The Swiss Federal Supreme Court rejected OSS vendors’ appeal against Microsoft contract win.

# Digital Reasoning combined Cloudera’s Distribution for Hadoop with HBase (and a lot more) in Synthesys 3.1.

# Matt Asay explained why Red Hat will likely be the only pure OSS player to reach $1bn in revenue.

# Platform Computing announced its support for Apache Hadoop.

# Alfresco partnered with Jive Software and consulting partner, SolutionSet to deliver an Alfresco-Jive connector.

# Terracotta updated its Quartz job scheduler software.

# Jaspersoft updated its data integration capabilities http://prn.to/fzFQnd and enhanced its partnership with Talend.

# Bob Sutor discussed the importance of trust in building and maintaining community.

# Informatica CEO Sohaib Abbasi is joining Red Hat’s board of directors, along with Dr. Steve Albrecht.

# The OpenNebula Project updated its open source cloud platform to version 2.2.

# Ravel Data is planning an open source implementation of Google’s Pregel distributed graph database.

451 CAOS Links 2011.03.22

Paranoid Android. Canonical and Gnome. A new OSI. And more.

Paranoid Android
If you are interested in the potential violation of the GPL by the Android kernel you have probably already immersed yourself in the numerous blog posts published on the topic. If not, start with Sean Hogle’s analysis or Bradley M Kuhn’s overview of the original allegations and work backwards from there, not forgetting a detour for the obligatory Microsoft connection. Linus Torvalds said claim “seems totally bogus”. In the meantime, Microsoft sued Barnes & Noble, Foxconn and Inventec for patent infringement by their Android devices.

On the relationship between Canonical and Gnome
Similarly, if you already have an interest in the relationship between Canonical and the Gnome community you will probably have already read the numerous posts written on the subject in the past week. If not Dave Neary’s Lessons Learned is a good place to start, while Mark Shuttelworth’s response is also worth a read, as is his earlier post. If you are *really* interested in the relationship between Canonical and Gnome, look no further than Jeff Waugh’s series of posts on the subject.

A new Open Source Initiative
The Open Source Initiative confirmed its new board appointments and announced plans to move to a representative model that will enable open source communities to become members.

…and relax
Couchbase announced the general availability of Couchbase Server, and the formation of the Couchbase board of advisers, while J Chris Anderson outlined the details of the new release.

Best of the rest
# The Centre for Technology Policy Research published a review of the UK government’s track record when it comes to open source and open standards-related policies.

# As the Drizzle fork of MySQL reached general availability Brian Aker outlined the drivers behind its development and the technical details.

# The Qt team responded to the reporting of the sale of the commercial Qt business from Nokia to Digia.

# JasperSoft reported 50% growth in year-over-year sales, and a 30% increase in average customer contract size.

# Revolution Analytics announced a partnership with IBM Netezza.

# Pentaho announced the worldwide general availability of Pentaho BI Suite Enterprise Edition 3.8.

# Zenoss introduced Zenoss Datacenter Insight, providing analytics on physical, virtual, and cloud-based IT resources.

# 10gen released version 1.8 of its document database, including support for journaling and incremental MapReduce.

# Oracle released an update to MySQL Enterprise Edition, including integration with MyOracle support.

# Red Hat boasted of independent recognition of the strength of its patent portfolio, while it emerged that the company previously paid $4.2m to settle a patent infringement claim.

# Karmasphere and Canonical announced a partnership to support Karmasphere’s Hadoop-related products on Ubuntu.

# The Linux Foundation announced the formation of the MeeGo Smart TV Working Group.

# Amazon is launching an app store for Android applications.

# The results of the 2011 Eclipse board election.

# OpenERP launched its Apps library for open source business apps.

# The Eclipse Foundation launched the open beta of OrionHub.

# The Alembic Foundation was formed to create open source data sharing and management technologies for individuals.

# Juniper Networks joined the Eclipse Foundation.

# The 2011 Future of Open Source Survey, from North Bridge Venture Partners, The 451 Group and Computerworld is now live.

# Rhomobile launched RhoHub 3.0.

# Gluster joined the OpenStack community.

# Sirius launched 24×7 open source support

# eXo introduced eXo Platform 3.5 and launched eXo Cloud IDE.

# Cloud.com released a new version of CloudStack, its open source cloud computing platform.

# Media training will be available for developers at the Linux Foundation Collaboration Summit.

# InfoQ asked, What is the future of Apache Harmony?

# Richard Stallman said something mildly controversial about cell phones.

451 CAOS Links 2011.03.04

Novell reports Q1 results, support for LibreOffice. Boxee raises funding. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Novell reported revenue of $191m in its first quarter, including $37.8m Linux revenue.

# Boxee raised $16.5m.

# Novell announced commercial support for LibreOffice.

# Novell launched SUSE Manager Linux systems management offering, based on Red Hat’s Spacewalk project.

# The New York Post published an update on the Justice Dept’s examination of CPTN’s purchase of Novell’s patents.

# Xen.org released Xen Cloud Platform 1.0.

# LWN reported that Red Hat has “obfuscated” the source code of RHEL 6.

# DotNetNuke is shifting the primary core development language for its core platform from Visual Basic to C#.

# Stephen Walli outlined the Outercurve Foundatiion’s development practices and guidelines.

# Google kicked rogue apps out of Android market.

# The Linux Foundation is ‘aligning‘ its Yocto Project with the OpenEmbedded community to advance embedded Linux.

# ComputerWeekly reported on how security clearance is a barrier to open source adoption in UK govt departments.

# Opentaps released version 1.5 of its open source ERP and CRM software, now available on EC2.

# Gemini Mobile Technologies released an open source real-time log processing system based on Flume and Cassandra.

# Oracle released a new version of Oracle GlassFish Server.

# Simon Phipps discussed the importance of understanding the open source subscription procurement process.

# Gluster’s network-attached storage software is now available on the RightScale Cloud Management Platform.

# Revolution Analytics partnered with Jaspersoft to deliver RevoConnectR for JasperReports Server.

# Oracle relaunched the Java community project site.

# Interesting and timely article from Greg Luck on the overlap between NoSQL stores and distributed cache.

# Funambol launched the mm4android (‘MobileMe for Android’) mobile cloud service for Android phones and tablets.

# Acquia launched two new hosted Drupal offerings.

451 CAOS Links 2011.02.08

NoSQL vendors merge to form Couchbase. Funding for Basho and EnterpriseDB. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# NoSQL vendors CouchOne and Membase merged to form Couchbase, create open source distributed document database.

# EnterpriseDB increased its most recent fundraising round from $7.5m to $13.6m.

# Basho Technologies raised $7.5m in series D funding, as Danish IT company Trifork acquired an 8% stake in the company and became the European distributor for Riak.

# The FSF and the OSI responded to the DOJ’s request for more info on the Novell/CPTN patent deal.

# Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud is now available to the US federal government via Autonomic Resources.

# Gluster announced Gluster Virtual Storage Appliances for VMware and Amazon Web Services.

# Jaspersoft and SugarCRM announced a number of BI features available integrated with SugarCRM Pro or Enterprise.

# Novell is bundling SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability (HA) Extension with select HP systems.

# MuleSoft announced a private beta program for a new integration platform as a service called Mule iON.

# Actuate generated over $21.2m in BIRT-related business in 2010, bringing the total in the last 4 years to over $62.5m.

# Tuxera joined the Linux Foundation.

# Mandriva joined the Open Invention Network as licensee.

# Whamcloud entered into a partnership with Bull to accelerate the development of Lustre.

# VMware released Zimbra 7.

# DotNetNuke claimed to have tripled its customer base since the end of 2009 to over 1,000.

# Eric Baldeschwieler presented the backstory of Yahoo and Hadoop.

# Groklaw reported that UnXis has been selected as the buyer for the software product business of The SCO Group.

# Jason van Zyl maintained that Hudson has a bright future under Oracle, with Sonatype’s support.

451 CAOS Links 2011.01.25

VMware grows 41%. Evidence of Java infringement disputed. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# VMware announced full year revenue growth of 41% to $2.9bn.

# Alleged evidence of infringing Java code in Android disputed.

# Oracle nominated SouJava, the Brazilian Java User Group, to a seat in the JCP Executive Committee.

# The Document Foundation launched LibreOffice 3.3.

# JasperSoft released over a dozen connectors as part of its Big Data Reporting project.

# Actuate updated its BIRT onDemand service.

# Bob Gourley assessed when to pick HBase, rather than MySQL.

# Dell joined the SUSE Appliance Program.

# Talend grew its customer base to 2.000 by the end of 2010, up from 1,000 the previous year.

451 CAOS Links 2011.01.11

Black Duck acquires Olliance Group. Funding for Zend and PHP Flog. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Black Duck Software acquired Olliance Group.

# Viola Private Equity invested $7m in Zend Technologies.

# PHP Fog raised $1.8m from Madrona Venture Group, First Round Capital, Founder’s Co-op, and other angel investors.

# The proposal for CPTN Holdings to acquire Novell’s patents has reportedly been withdrawn.

# Jaspersoft announced a major update to its open source BI suite with Jaspersoft 4.

# ZDnet reported on no GPL Apps for Apple’s App Store. Jason Perlow examined the implications. Stephen Walli suggested a solution to the GPL/Apple App Store conundrum: dual licensing (assuming copyright ownership).

# ICEsoft announced version 2 of its ICEfaces open source Rich Internet Application development framework.

# The Eclipse Foundation introduced Orion, a browser-based open tool integration platform.

# The future of Hudson includes a proposal to change the project’s name to Jenkins.

# MuleSoft announced the general availability of Mule ESB 3.1.

# The Apache Software Foundation announced the launch of Apache Cassandra 0.7.

# Matt Asay highlighted the need for open source specialist vendors to innovate, as well as commoditize.

# Oracle has reportedly dropped support for MySQL on IBM’s i operating system.

# Red Hat is retaining is Raleigh HQ and planning to add 540 new jobs.

# Version 1.6 of the Joomla open source CMS is now available.

# Appcelerator claimed to have more than doubled in size since the end of November.

# Nominations are now open for the 2011 Eclipse board members.

# Brian Behlendorf became the World Economic Forum chief technology officer.

# Broadcom joined the Linux Foundation as did GoAhead Software.

# A glass-half-full look at Oracle’s approach to open source.

451 CAOS Links 2010.11.02

JCP election results. Funding for Acquia and Continuent. Fedora 14. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# The Java Community Process election results are in.

# Acquia closed an $8.5m series C funding round and announced that it has tripled its customer base in 2010.

# Continuent appointed Robert Hodges CEO and confirmed details of $5m funding from Aura Capital.

# Red Hat announced the availability of Fedora 14.

# Apple filed two patent infringement lawsuits against Motorola in relation to Android.

# Carlo Daffara updated his analysis of the Java code Oracle claims was copied into Android.

# An open letter to the JCP Executive Committee calling for JCP reform.

# Jono Bacon provided some clarification on Canonical’s Unity plans.

# Informatica partnered with Cloudera to enable integration with Hadoop.

# Andy Updegrove discussed the lessons developers can learn from OpenOffice and Java.

# Jaspersoft claimed 100 cloud BI customer deployments.

# Symbian is set to receive investment of over €22m from the EC’s Artemis project.

# Stormy Peters is stepping down as executive director of the Gnome Foundation to join Mozilla.

# Coverity announced the results of the Coverity Scan 2010 Open Source Integrity Report.

# James Dixon explained the difficulty in comparing open source and proprietary software markets.

# More than 30 OpenOffice,org developers have resigned from the project.

# The Eclipse Foundation announced Eclipse Virgo 2.1, a light-weight application server for OSGi applications.

# The Motley Fool’s Seth Jayson examined Red Hat’s cash flow.

# The November issue of the Open Source Business Resource is now available.

# RightScale’s Private Cloud Early Access Program supports deploying private clouds using Cloud.com or Eucalyptus.

# Opensource.com published open innovation and open source innovation: what do they share and where do they differ?

# Zend Technologies announced the general availability of Zend Framework 1.11.

# The Outercurve Foundation is changing its bylaws and governance.

# Giuseppe Maxia announced that he is leaving Oracle’s MySQL team, and joining Continuent as director of quality assurance.

What is open core licensing (and what isn’t) UPDATED

This is an updated version of a post that was originally published in July 2009. It has been updated in response to ongoing confusion about open core licensing.

There has been a significant amount of interest in the open core licensing strategy since Andrew Lampitt articulated it and its benefits for combining open source and closed source licensing.

There remains considerable confusion about exactly what the open core licensing strategy is, however, which is strange since the term arrived fully packaged with a specific definition, courtesy of Andrew. Recently I have begun to wonder whether many of the people that use the term open core regularly have even read Andrew’s post.

I feel somewhat responsible for this given that our Open Source is Not a Business Model report was partly responsible for the increased use of the term open core, and since I remembered that it was this post about commercial open source strategies that prompted Andrew to define open core in the first place.

Additionally, since business models related to open source are evolving constantly, I thought it was worth revisiting the definition of open core and putting it in some context.

What is open core?
According to Andrew’s original post it is a licensing strategy whereby a vendor combines proprietary code with open source code, where “the commercial license is a super-set of the open source product, i.e., it offers premium product features that you will not see in the GPL license”.

At first Andrew was very specific about the use of the GPL license and a development model dominated by a single vendor. However, it quickly became clear that a company like EnterpriseDB, which provides proprietary extensions on top of the community-developed, BSD-licensed PostgreSQL database, also fits the general model.

Therefore, Andrew clarified that there were Vendor Controlled (VC) and Community Controlled (CC) variants on open core.

Incidentally, Andrew did not create the open core strategy. As he himself admitted, he “invented nothing, just articulated it”. Credit goes to Barry Klawans and Paul Doscher (Jaspersoft co-founders), as Andrew noted.

In fact our research indicates that the formation of companies using the open core licensing strategy had already peaked by the time the term was coined – but more on that another day.

What isn’t open core
Sometimes it is easier to define what something is by explaining what it isn’t. Open core is a commercial open source strategy, but just as “all of Alma Cogan is dead, but only some of the class of dead people are Alma Cogan”, not all commercial open source strategies are open core (and more specifically, given recent statements, not all strategies that involve copyright agreements are open core – more on that another day as well).

So, to clear up some apparent confusion:

  • Red Hat’s strategy is not open core

Red Hat reserves support and features for paying customers, but it does not do so using closed source licensing (a prerequisite of open core). Instead Red Hat gives away the source code but withholds the compiled, binary version for paying customers.

(N.B. Beware companies claiming to be following “The Red Hat model” as they invariably aren’t – most often I find they mean that they use a subscription revenue model. Very few companies have copied Red Hat’s model for a variety of reasons – a subject I’ll leave for another post.)

  • Dual licensing is not open core

In fact, as Andrew Lampitt explained in his definition, open core is a variant of dual licensing (or proprietary relicesing, as some like to call it, or indeed “selling exceptions”). The important thing to note is that in the dual license strategy a single code base is available under an open source or closed license, while with open core the closed source licensed code is a superset of the open source code. Both result in closed source software, but only in the open core strategy is the closed source version functionally different from the open source version.

  • The MySQL strategy is not open core (yet)

One of the reasons for the confusion is that MySQL originally started out with a dual license model but changed over time to the subscription revenue model, and flirted with open core. At this point the strategy for MySQL remains dual licensing. It remains to be seen whether the MySQL Server code for Enterprise Edition 5.5 will be different from Community Edition with the inclusion of MySQL Enterprise Backup (which would make it open core) or if the new capabilities will be delivered as a subscription service.

  • Subscription strategies are not open core

Although they are a step in that direction. The subscription model provides vendors with a mechanism to distribute value-added features to paying customers. Until now the additional capabilities in MySQL Enterprise (such as Enterprise Monitor) have been delivered as a service via the MySQL Enterprise subscription. Although the code for Enterprise Monitor has not been made available, we would see this strategy as distinct from open core since open core results in a product with a different code base, where as the MySQL Server code in Enterprise and Community is the same. To differentiate from regular support subscriptions I have used the term value-added subscription to refer to this type of subscription. Other examples include Canonical’s Ubuntu Advantage and Nuxeo’s Connect. I would also put Red Hat Network and JBoss Operations Network in this category, although the source code for those value-added services was originally closed, it has now been made available as open source (as previously discussed).

  • Open foundation is not open core

Vendors such as IBM, Cisco, Oracle and SAP (in fact just about every software vendor) include open source code within larger closed source software packages and hardware products. There is a fine line between the two, but as I previously explained while open core involves offering proprietary extensions targeted at a segment of the open source project user base, open foundation involves using open source software to create entirely new products, targeted at a different user base.

  • Microsoft’s open source strategy is not open core

Microsoft is undoubtedly making use of more open source and encouraging open source development on its platforms, but its strategy is by definition not open core since it is extremely unlikely the core will ever be open source. In fact, as previously discussed, Microsoft’s strategy turns the open core strategy on its head by encouraging open source development around a commercial core, and has been described by Microsoft as open edge, and by Andrew Lampitt (more amusingly) as open crust. We have adopted the term open edge to describe this strategy and have seen it adopted by a small number of players beyond Microsoft.

451 CAOS Links 2010.09.28

Document Foundation forms around LibreOffice. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# The Document Foundation was formed to develop a new LibreOffice fork of OpenOffice.org.

# Andy Updegrove explained why LibreOffice highlights the need for more open source foundations.

# The CodePlex Foundation re-branded itself the Outercurve Foundation.

# Microsoft is adopting WordPress.com as the default blogging platform for its Windows Live service.

# The IMTC acquired the Telepresence Interoperability Protocol and open source TIP Library from Cisco.

# RIM’s BlackBerry Widgets development platform is being renamed WebWorks and released as an open-source project.

# DotNetNuke is now offering integration with Facebook and Twitter via PackFlash Publish.

# Rivet Logic extended its Crafter rivet framework with the launch of Crafter Studio.

# HP, Intel and Yahoo added four more members to their Open Cirrus open source cloud test bed project.

# Modulo announced the modSIC open source Security Content Automation Protocol project.

# Sony Ericsson is ditching Symbian in favour of Android.

# Glyn Moody wondered whether we are entering the golden age of forks.

# An interview with Larry Augustin on cloud, open source and community.

# SourceFuse launched LoadedPress, based on WordPress.

# MindTouch announced the availability of the MindTouch Technical Communications Suite.

# The UK’s Deputy CIO Bill McCluggage invited case studies that highlight the business case for OSS.

# StatusNet released premium features for its StatusNet Cloud service.

# Jaspersoft CEO Brian Gentile discussed the principles of open source.

# Actify, Aras, Razorleaf and Microsoft collaborated on an open source collaborative product development offering.

# The OpenGeo Suite team announced OpenGeo Suite Enterprise Edition 2.2.

# Opsera released version 3.9.0 of its Opsview Community Edition software, including monitoring of EC2 and S3.

451 CAOS Links 2010.09.21

Oracle launches Unbreakable Kernel, updates MySQL and Java plans. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Oracle launched its Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel.

# Oracle announced the release candidate of MySQL 5.5.

# Oracle outlined its plans for Java platform. JavaWorld has the details.

# Novell and SAP have collaborated on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP applications.

# Mozilla joined the Open Invention Network as a licensee.

# PostgreSQL 9.0 has been released.

# Matt Asay noted that Novell’s patents are complicating its sale.

# Patrick Backman provided some insight into the founding of SkySQL.

# Mageia launched a new Linux distribution, forked from Mandriva.

# Mandriva maintained it is alive and well, and promised an autonomous Mandriva community.

# eXo launched eXo Platform 3.0 and partnered with JasperSoft.

# Ian Skerret published his JavaOne wish list. http://bit.ly/ackLn0

# The H reported that the Swiss Canton of Solothurn is abandoning Linux.

# Scality announced plans to open-source the Software Development Kit of its RING technology.

# Tasktop and Polarion announced a partnership to deliver Eclipse integration as part of an integrated ALM Suite.

# Red Hat is reportedly looking to expand its HQ with a move outside NC.