Rise of Polyglot report is out

We recently wrote about a disruptive trend we are following along with cloud computing, devops and open source software in the enterprise. Our 451 Research subscribers also got a preview of our findings in a recent spotlight report.

Polyglot programming is the use of many different languages, frameworks, services, databases and other pieces for individual applications. The trend takes today’s developers and IT shops beyond .NET and Java to node.js, PHP, Python, Ruby, Spring and further still to Erlang, Scala, Haskell and others. Also in the mix are widely used API Web services, such as JSON, REST and SOAP, which are increasingly significant to building applications, as well as developer and user communities. There is also polyglot disruption present at the database layer with MySQL still being popular, but with ample use of the growing number of alternatives (NoSQL, PostgreSQL, NewSQL, etc.), including virtual and cloud-based services. Don’t forget today’s applications will likely pull in effective user-interface technologies such as Javascript, XML and HTML5, whether for internal enterprise, Web, mobile, consumer or converged audiences.

Although there is added pain in programming with multiple languages, benefits such as scalability, interoperability and concurrency increasingly necessitate it for optimal efficiency and quality.

Now we are pleased to present our latest special report, ‘The Rise of Polyglot Programming.’ The report investigates the drivers, disruption, challenges and opportunities from the trend. We also present market sizing and growth implications for polyglot programming, drawing on data and analysis from our Market Monitor service to show how polyglot programming will be part of a growing opportunity worth more than $35bn by 2015.

Open APIs are the new open source

We’ve seen the rise of open source software in the enterprise and also beyond the IT industry, but the real keys to openness and its advantages in today’s technology world — where efficient use of cloud computing and supporting services are paramount — exist in open application programming interfaces, or APIs.

Open source software continues to be a critical part of software development, systems administration, IT operations and more, but much of the action in leveraging modern cloud computing and services-based infrastructures centers on APIs. Open APIs are the new open source.

Read the full story at LinuxInsider.

451 CAOS Links 2011.08.31

MapR and Funambol raise funding. VMware virtually supports PostgreSQL. And more.

# MapR raised $20m series B for its Hadoop distribution from Redpoint Ventures, Lightspeed Venture Partners and NEA.

# Funambol raised $3m in funding from previous investors HIG Ventures, Pacven Walden Ventures and Nexit Infocom.

# VMware launched vFabric Postgres as part of vFabric Data Director database-as-a-service launch.

# Citrix released a new edition of CloudStack, making the whole cloud management product available using the GNU GPLv3.

# Yahoo has contributed 84% of Apache Hadoop lines of code and 72% of patches, according to Hortonworks’ analysis.

# Red Hat invited Red Hat Enterprise Linux users to help discuss features for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.

# Talend announced that Peter Gyenes has joined its Board of Directors.

# Mandriva announced the release of Mandriva 2011.

# The Document Foundation announced the release of version LibreOffice 3.4.3, intended for enterprise deployments.

# Zmanda announced the availability of Zmanda Cloud Backup (ZCB) 4.0.

# The 10th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled against on SCO’s appeal that it, and not Novell, owned the Unix copyrights.

# Oracle retired its licence for distributing its Java with Linux.

# Bruce Byfield wrote an interesting article on how Linus Torvalds and other open source developers avoid burnout.

451 CAOS Links 2011.08.12

Couchbase raises $14m. AppFog raises $8m. Much ado about Percona Live MySQL Conference and Expo. And more.

# Couchbase raised $14m in series C funding for its NoSQL database.

# AppFog raised $8m series B funding for its PHP-based platform-as-a-service.

# Percona announced its plans to host a Percona Live MySQL Conference and Expo on April 10-12, effectively replacing the O’Reilly MySQL Conference and Expo.

# The announcement sparked some rumblings of discomfort around the MySQL community with Giuseppe Maxia and Sheeri Cabral disputing Baron Schwartz’s claim that “to the best of our knowledge, no one else was planning one” and Monty Widenius stating that he had “personally talked with Percona about this a few weeks ago”.

# SkySQL’s Kaj Arno also called for the community to rally around an event focused on users, while Henrik Ingo welcomed the Percona event and doubted whether plans for a vendor-neutral event had got very far. Roland Bouman also voiced his support for the event.

# Red Hat announced that its Red Hat OpenShift Platform-as-a-Service now supports Java Enterprise Edition 6

# Jaspersoft announced Self-Service Express, offering open source users BI documentation and knowledge base articles.

# Microsoft apparently no longer thinks Linux is a competitive threat to its desktop business.

# Cisco and Twitter joined the Open Invention Network.

# Fabrizio Capobianco asked if there really is room for a third mobile OS.

# Alembic 1.0, the open source computer graphics interchange format jointly developed by Sony Pictures Imageworks and Lucasfilm was released.

451 CAOS Links 2011.07.15

IBM offers Symphony to Apache OpenOffice. Jaspersoft raises $11m. And more.

# IBM announced that it will offer the Symphony source code to the Apache OpenOffice incubator for consideration. Bob Sutor explained how and why.

# Jaspersoft raised $11m in funding from Quest Software, Red Hat, SAP Ventures, Doll Capital Management, Morgenthaler Ventures, Partech International, Scale Venture Partners, and Adams Street Partners.

# The judge overseeing Oracle and Google’s intellectual property lawsuit said it is possible Google knew of its Java violation.

# SAP joined the OpenJDK project.

# Savio Rodrigues speculated that vSphere 5 licensing could open the door for open source.

# Simon Phipps rounded up reaction to the Harmony Project agreements and added his own perspective.

# The Zenoss Community Alliance was formed to revitlatize, and possibly fork, Zenoss Core.

# Gluster named Rob Bearden to its board of directors.

# Jaspersoft released Jaspersoft Studio, an open source BI design environment for Eclipse.

# Joyent and Cloud9 announced an agreement to provide web application developers with a cloud development and deployment platform for Node.js applications from within the Cloud9 IDE.

# With Stackato, ActiveState has extended Cloud Foundry to support Python and Perl.

# WANdisco launched professional uberSVN support.

# Heroku announced that Yukihiro Matsumoto, creator of theRuby programming language, will join Heroku as Chief Architect of Ruby.

# Tarus Balog discussed the importance of trademarks for an open source business.

# Microsoft was apparently the fifth-largest corporate contributor to the Linux kernel version 3.0.0, as measured by the number of changes to its previous release.

# Samba reportedly may consider accepting corporate-donated code.

# basysKom, Codero, Gluster and Nixu Open joined The Linux Foundation.

# Virtual Bridges joined the Open Virtualization Alliance.

451 CAOS Links 2011.03.04

Novell reports Q1 results, support for LibreOffice. Boxee raises funding. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Novell reported revenue of $191m in its first quarter, including $37.8m Linux revenue.

# Boxee raised $16.5m.

# Novell announced commercial support for LibreOffice.

# Novell launched SUSE Manager Linux systems management offering, based on Red Hat’s Spacewalk project.

# The New York Post published an update on the Justice Dept’s examination of CPTN’s purchase of Novell’s patents.

# Xen.org released Xen Cloud Platform 1.0.

# LWN reported that Red Hat has “obfuscated” the source code of RHEL 6.

# DotNetNuke is shifting the primary core development language for its core platform from Visual Basic to C#.

# Stephen Walli outlined the Outercurve Foundatiion’s development practices and guidelines.

# Google kicked rogue apps out of Android market.

# The Linux Foundation is ‘aligning‘ its Yocto Project with the OpenEmbedded community to advance embedded Linux.

# ComputerWeekly reported on how security clearance is a barrier to open source adoption in UK govt departments.

# Opentaps released version 1.5 of its open source ERP and CRM software, now available on EC2.

# Gemini Mobile Technologies released an open source real-time log processing system based on Flume and Cassandra.

# Oracle released a new version of Oracle GlassFish Server.

# Simon Phipps discussed the importance of understanding the open source subscription procurement process.

# Gluster’s network-attached storage software is now available on the RightScale Cloud Management Platform.

# Revolution Analytics partnered with Jaspersoft to deliver RevoConnectR for JasperReports Server.

# Oracle relaunched the Java community project site.

# Interesting and timely article from Greg Luck on the overlap between NoSQL stores and distributed cache.

# Funambol launched the mm4android (‘MobileMe for Android’) mobile cloud service for Android phones and tablets.

# Acquia launched two new hosted Drupal offerings.

451 CAOS Links 2011.01.25

VMware grows 41%. Evidence of Java infringement disputed. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# VMware announced full year revenue growth of 41% to $2.9bn.

# Alleged evidence of infringing Java code in Android disputed.

# Oracle nominated SouJava, the Brazilian Java User Group, to a seat in the JCP Executive Committee.

# The Document Foundation launched LibreOffice 3.3.

# JasperSoft released over a dozen connectors as part of its Big Data Reporting project.

# Actuate updated its BIRT onDemand service.

# Bob Gourley assessed when to pick HBase, rather than MySQL.

# Dell joined the SUSE Appliance Program.

# Talend grew its customer base to 2.000 by the end of 2010, up from 1,000 the previous year.

CAOS Theory Podcast 2010.12.10

Topics for this podcast:

*Oracle, Java, the Apache Software Foundation and open source
*An update on some open source database and data management players
*CorraTech grows with support for open source application alternatives
*Red Hat-Makara acquisition analysis and impact
*Linux kernel report shows strong support, but what now for Novell?

iTunes or direct download (29:31, 5.1MB)

Java mutiny in the making

The Apache Software Foundation’s latest statement on the Java Community Process highlights continued dissatisfaction and dissent from Oracle’s stewardship and involvement in open source software.

This comes after some ups and downs for Oracle and its oversight of Java and other open source software that was previously under the auspices of Sun Microsystems. Oracle started off on a rough path when it sued Google over its implementation of Java in Android without preemptively or clearly stating that it was not attacking open source. At about the same time, it let OpenSolaris die a slow, somewhat confusing death. Oracle won a point when IBM came out with its support in favor of the JCP and OpenJDK over Apache Harmony, and this contributes to the adversarial positioning between Oracle and the Apache Software Foundation. However, Oracle has also seen an erosion of open source support and confidence as OpenOffice.org developers have migrated away from Oracle, many to contribute to the new Libre Office project.

Oracle’s moves illustrate the company’s lack of complete understanding of open source and the value of open source software communities. While it appreciates and leverages open source as an effective, efficient software development approach, it does not truly see the value of providing software to a community and attaining benefits of efficiency, reach and innovation as a result. This is not to say that supporting an open source software community will automatically translate into commercial and community success (not the case with Symbian, for example), but Oracle does not appear to support community as a priority in its proprietary and admittedly successful software strategy.

MySQL can be an example of Oracle doing things right with open source, though we may see similar dissatisfaction and defection as Oracle moves further toward commercialization and further away from free, community software. Still, Oracle at least showed it could continue and contribute and support a successful open source project in the case of MySQL. The same may not be said for OpenSolaris, OpenOffice.org or, increasingly it appears, Java.

451 CAOS Links 2010.11.02

JCP election results. Funding for Acquia and Continuent. Fedora 14. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# The Java Community Process election results are in.

# Acquia closed an $8.5m series C funding round and announced that it has tripled its customer base in 2010.

# Continuent appointed Robert Hodges CEO and confirmed details of $5m funding from Aura Capital.

# Red Hat announced the availability of Fedora 14.

# Apple filed two patent infringement lawsuits against Motorola in relation to Android.

# Carlo Daffara updated his analysis of the Java code Oracle claims was copied into Android.

# An open letter to the JCP Executive Committee calling for JCP reform.

# Jono Bacon provided some clarification on Canonical’s Unity plans.

# Informatica partnered with Cloudera to enable integration with Hadoop.

# Andy Updegrove discussed the lessons developers can learn from OpenOffice and Java.

# Jaspersoft claimed 100 cloud BI customer deployments.

# Symbian is set to receive investment of over €22m from the EC’s Artemis project.

# Stormy Peters is stepping down as executive director of the Gnome Foundation to join Mozilla.

# Coverity announced the results of the Coverity Scan 2010 Open Source Integrity Report.

# James Dixon explained the difficulty in comparing open source and proprietary software markets.

# More than 30 OpenOffice,org developers have resigned from the project.

# The Eclipse Foundation announced Eclipse Virgo 2.1, a light-weight application server for OSGi applications.

# The Motley Fool’s Seth Jayson examined Red Hat’s cash flow.

# The November issue of the Open Source Business Resource is now available.

# RightScale’s Private Cloud Early Access Program supports deploying private clouds using Cloud.com or Eucalyptus.

# Opensource.com published open innovation and open source innovation: what do they share and where do they differ?

# Zend Technologies announced the general availability of Zend Framework 1.11.

# The Outercurve Foundation is changing its bylaws and governance.

# Giuseppe Maxia announced that he is leaving Oracle’s MySQL team, and joining Continuent as director of quality assurance.

451 CAOS Links 2010.10.29

Funding for Appcelerator, Riptano and Nexenta. Oracle’s claims against Google. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Appcelerator raised a $9m second round funding from eBay and Sierra Ventures.

# Riptano raised $2.7m from Lightspeed Venture Partners, Sequoia Capital and private investor Jason Calacanis.

# Nexenta announced 59% quarter on quarter revenue growth and strategic funding.

# Sourcefire announced revenue up 32% in Q3 and product expansion plans.

# Nuxeo claimed a record second quarter thanks to public sector projects.

# Oracle claimed Google directly copied code in its development of Android.

# Carlo Daffara dissected Oracle’s claims of direct copying of Java code into Android.

# The Apache Software Foundation noted that the code identified by Oracle in its case against Google is not in Harmony.

# Oracle responded to comments and reiterated its denial that it is attempting to stack the Java Community Process election.

# The Linux Foundation is merging with the Consumer Electronics Linux Forum.

# Nokia’s Niklas Savander maintained that The Symbian Foundation will remain, and will remain open source.

# Matt Asay explained why the Symbian Foundation is a lesson on the wrong way to use open source.

# Digium launched Asterisk SCF, a new open source scalable communications project.

# ForgeRock launched a new identity management project, OpenIDM.

# Tarus Balog shared his thoughts on marketing an open source business.

# Actuate is changing its ticker symbol to BIRT.

# Stormy Peters pondered the future of Gnome.

# Carlo Daffara shared some statistics, and analysis, on TCO for open source software.

# Tuxera launched the Tuxera File System Suite for Android.

# Microsoft plans to make Java and Eclipse first class citizens on Azure.

451 CAOS LInks 2010.10.20

Funding for Revolution Analytics. Canonical and open core. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Revolution Analytics closed an $8.6 million third round of funding.

# Joe Brockmeier asked is Canonical going open core, and does it matter.

# Mark Shuttleworth denied any plans for Canonical to go open core, says explanation on copyright assignment is coming.

# Oracle wants LibreOffice members to leave the OpenOffice.org council.

# Stephen Colebourne accused Oracle of attempting to stack the JCP vote.

# VMware introduced Code2Cloud development tools, developed with TaskTop.

# MaestroDev partnered with SonarSource and updated its Maestro orchestration software for OSS.

# The Apache Software Foundation announced Apache Maven Version 3.0.

# Open-Xchange updated the Open-Xchange Server with support for HTC, Android 2.1 and 2.2.

# VMware outlined Spring Data Access projects for distributed data technologies.

# The Symbian Foundation’s executive director is stepping down.

# Azul launched its Zing elastic runtime, including open source components from the Managed Runtime Initiative.

# Rapid7 introduced Metaspoilt Pro, based on the Metasploit Framework.

# Cray, Data Direct Networks, LLNL and ORNL formed OpenSFS, a Lustre-focused non-profit technical organization.

# CollabNet acquired Subversion hosting provider Codesion.

# Jaguar Land Rover and SAIC Motor Passenger Vehicle Company have
joined the GENIVI Alliance.

# Makara announced version 1.1 of its Cloud Application Platform with support for memcached and Zend Framework.

# Sonatype has updated and enhanced its Maven Central repository.

# Funambol introduced CAPRI, an open source framework for developing sync-centric apps for smartphones.

# Wind River released Wind River Linux 4.

# Black Duck grew sales 58% in Q3.

# Krishnan Subramanian explained why open source is key to cloud economics.

# The Veterans Affairs Department will adopt an open source model to modernize its electronic health records system.

451 CAOS Links 2010.10.05

Microsoft sues Motorola. Oracle says no to LibreOffice. Time to fork Java? And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Microsoft is suing Motorola over alleged Android patent infringements.

# Oracle confirmed to SJVN that it will not be working with the Document Foundation on LibreOffice.

# Sean Michael Kerner reported that Red Hat has settled an alleged patent infringement case with IP firm Acacia Research.

# Greg Luck asked if it is time to fork Java. As did Sacha Labourey.

# Black Duck Software acquired Ohloh.net from Geeknet.

# Samsung confirmed that it is dropping support for Symbian.

# xTuple introduced email integration via Feature Mob sponsored feature offering.

# Dana Blankenhorn reported on the rise of business communities.

# Cloudera is building a two-way connector for high-speed data movement between CDH and Aster Data nCluster.

# Ascensio System announced an AMI of its open source project management and collaboration platform TeamLab.

# Percona launched worldwide 24×7 support for MySQL.

# The Software Freedom Conservancy appointed Bradley M. Kuhn as its full-time Executive Director.

# The Register reported that Canonical is adding OpenStack APIs to Ubuntu.

# An overview of the Linux Foundation’s open compliance program.

# Alfresco released Alfresco Community 3.4 with new tools and services for Spring developers.

# Bernard Golden discussed cloud computing, open source, and the next generation of applications.

# Kitware received an $11m contract from DARPA as part of its Video and Image Retrieval and Analysis Tool program.

# Citrix released XenClient version 1.0.

# Peter Ganten said open core is over.

# Dirk Riehle presented his thoughts on the current state of open source business research and future directions.

451 CAOS Links 2010.09.21

Oracle launches Unbreakable Kernel, updates MySQL and Java plans. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Oracle launched its Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel.

# Oracle announced the release candidate of MySQL 5.5.

# Oracle outlined its plans for Java platform. JavaWorld has the details.

# Novell and SAP have collaborated on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP applications.

# Mozilla joined the Open Invention Network as a licensee.

# PostgreSQL 9.0 has been released.

# Matt Asay noted that Novell’s patents are complicating its sale.

# Patrick Backman provided some insight into the founding of SkySQL.

# Mageia launched a new Linux distribution, forked from Mandriva.

# Mandriva maintained it is alive and well, and promised an autonomous Mandriva community.

# eXo launched eXo Platform 3.0 and partnered with JasperSoft.

# Ian Skerret published his JavaOne wish list. http://bit.ly/ackLn0

# The H reported that the Swiss Canton of Solothurn is abandoning Linux.

# Scality announced plans to open-source the Software Development Kit of its RING technology.

# Tasktop and Polarion announced a partnership to deliver Eclipse integration as part of an integrated ALM Suite.

# Red Hat is reportedly looking to expand its HQ with a move outside NC.

Open source in the clouds and in the debates

We continue to see more evidence of the themes we discuss in our latest CAOS special report, Seeding the Clouds, which examines the open source software used in cloud computing, the vendors backing open source, the cloud providers using it and the impact on the industry.

First, as usual, we are seeing consistencies between our own research — which indicates open source is a huge part of today’s cloud computing offerings from major providers like Amazon, Google, Rackspace, Terremark and VMware — and that of code analysis and management vendor Black Duck. In its analysis of code that runs the cloud, Black Duck also found a preponderance of open source pieces, in many cases the same projects we profile in our report.

Indeed, open source software is an important part of the infrastructure, data and application layers of today’s cloud computing stacks with significant use of Linux, open source hypervisors KVM and Xen, open source data technologies such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, Hadoop, NoSQL and memcached and open source languages such as Java, PHP, Python and Ruby on Rails.

There will be plenty of users and customers content to use non-open source options that serve as the defacto standards, but we do see a move to higher-level, production and mission critical use, which represents continued commercial opportunity for open source and other vendors.

One of the more subtle effects of all this open source in the cloud, as covered in Seeding the Clouds, is the impact on discussions, debates and downright fights in the market. There is much scrutiny on claims of being open, technical aspects of open and what ‘open cloud’ means. A prime example is the Twisticuffs that have gone on between Simon Crosby of XenSource and Citrix, discussing OpenCloud and the response from Open Cloud Initiative co-founder Sam Johnston, who claims this is misuse of the open label.

We already saw open source playing a role in the discussions and debates about open clouds, open APIs and open data, and this latest confrontation is evidence that role continues to be significant. We still wonder though about the question of open enough as we contemplate openness in the clouds.

CAOS Theory Podcast 2010.09.03

Topics for this podcast:

*Open source seeding the clouds
*Canonical’s cloud subscription pivot
*Hypertable steers commercial route for NoSQL database
*Implications of Oracle’s Java lawsuit

iTunes or direct download (25:07, 6.9MB)

451 CAOS Links 2010.08.31

VMware launches vFabric. Actuate claims $50m OSS-related revenue. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# VMware delivered vFabric cloud app platform, based on SpringSource, Hyperic, RabbitMQ, and GemFire technologies.

# Actuate claimed to have generated over $50m in BIRT-based revenue in less than four years.

# TierraCloud launched the HC2 open source private cloud project, based on the code from Sun’s Project Honeycomb.

# EnterpriseDB raised a strategic investment from KT (Korea Telecom) and new VC funding from TransLink Capital.

# Cloudant released its BigCouch project as open source software under the Apache 2.0 license.

# Nuxeo published an introduction to fise, an open source RESTful semantic engine.

# Gijs Hillenius reported on the increased use of the European Union Public Licence.

# Javlin released CloverETL Community Edition, based on the CloverETL open source transformation engine.

# Stephen Walli emphasized the difference between project and product when it comes to open source software.

# James Gosling began a campaign to hold Oracle to its pledge to create an open independent vendor-neutral JCP.

# The Software Freedom Law Center opened a branch in India.

# General Hugh Shelton was elected to serve as chairman of Red Hat’s board of directors.

# Citrix is integrating its OpenCloud with OpenStack and the Open vSwitch project.

# The Ruby on Rails community completed its work on Rails 3.

# Interesting perspective on the future of the government forges with reference to Forge.mil and Forge.gov.

# Adam Leventhal discussed the past, present and potential future of Solaris.

Taking turns as open source bad guys

Software giant Adobe is among those shaking heads at Oracle and its strategy, or at least lack of tact, with the open source software, including its acquisition of Sun Microsystems, killing off OpenSolaris and Java lawsuit against Google over Android.

It wasn’t that long ago that Adobe was thought of similar to how it’s portraying Oracle: as an opponent of open source. I would agree that Oracle is putting itself in the position of a top open source enemy (an unenviable title for which Apple, Microsoft and others, even Adobe, have found themselves, as well). By launching the Java suit and ending support for OpenSolaris without any counterbalance of message to illustrate that it is indeed not attacking open source software in general and actually has a good appreciation of its development and market power and benefits of participation, Oracle has put itself in an adversarial position. Sure organizations such as Adobe and Microsoft, formerly viewed as foes of open source, stand to benefit from having somebody else be the bad guy, but it is interesting to look at these cases and how the villains are typically tasked with improving their image.

By looking at Adobe and its open source story, we get a better sense of Oracle’s and others’ opportunities to change these perceptions and successfully earn goodwill among open source software communities. There have been times when Adobe was on the top open source enemy list, and it continues to be questioned and accused of ‘co-opting’ the open source brand.

However, as covered in our recent Spotlight report on Adobe (for subscribers or trialists), the company has come to realize the significance of open source and the utility of leveraging it to build and grow its own software, communities and ecosystems (something Adobe is pretty good at). One good example is its recent acquisition of WCM vendor Day Software.

We understand that while it was certainly among other factors, including paid subscription revenue from Day’s non-open source software, the open source and community involvement and activity by Day, also covered in a 451 Group report, helped to drive the deal. In particular, Day’s work with the Apache Software Foundation and what one Adobe official called ‘the technical brand recognition’ that came with Day’s work on open standards and open source software, such as the OSGi Java framework, Apache Felix (an open source implementation of the OSGi framework) and Apache Sling (an open source web framework for Java). It will be interesting to see what happens now, but indications are these Apache projects may serve as the basis for expanded open source efforts under Adobe. We highly doubt that they will be turned into a licensing vehicle for Adobe, serve as the basis of legal action or get killed off, which is what we are seeing from Oracle with its open source assets, illustrating the idea that Oracle does not fully understand or appreciate open source software.

Adobe, Microsoft and many others we’ve covered and talked to are frequently in the position of moving, transitioning and changing from open source enemy or foe into open source participant and supporter. There is no question these vendors are making these moves for their own benefit and future more than their interest in benefiting or contributing to communities and others. However, Adobe and Microsoft have learned they must contribute to communities and others beyond their own brand and interests for open source to work. Their efforts in open source software also show that it is difficult and often thankless work, takes resources and remains precarious indefinitely, when even when you contribute and participate, there are still some folks calling you the bad guy.

451 CAOS Links 2010.08.17

Google responds to Oracle’s patent claims. So does everyone else. ClosedSolaris. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

Oracle versus Google
# Google called Oracle’s patent suit a baseless, attack on the open-source Java community.

# James Gosling offered some historical context for Oracle’s patent claims against Google.

# Google/Oracle analysis from Stephen O’Grady Carlo Daffara and Andy Updegrove.

# The 451 perspective: Oracle legal move evokes many questions and Google vs Oracle ≠ open vs closed, or good vs evil.

# Matt Asay argued that Oracle vs Google is about free markets, not free software.

# Computerworld reported: Oracle signals an end to OpenSolaris.

# Garrett D’Amore explained why Oracle may be forcing Illumos to “fork” OpenSolaris.

The best of the rest
# Thoughts on corporate contributions to OSS from Matt Asay and Mike Loukides.

# xTuple introduced xTuple Connect, providing EDI and real-time connectivity to its open source ERP software.

# The Open Invention Network and Arizona State University have started a mobile device identity management research program.

# Red Hat published an overview of its cloud architecture.

# Oracle and Novell filed to block SCO’s attempts to sell its assets in bankruptcy court.

# LogLogic announced plans to open source its new transport and store protocol.

Oracle legal move evokes many questions

There are many questions that arise out of Oracle’s copyright and patent infringement complaint against Google regarding its use of Java in Android. There are several things that make the suit significant to the entire industry: it centers not just on software copyright, but also software patents (an increasingly and hotly debated issue), the quickly-expanding smartphone market and open source software. The first question is: what is Oracle doing?

Many are speculating that this is simply an effort to further and more effectively monetize Java, a storied program language that has move more toward openness and survived several supposed death sentences as newer languages arrived. Still, with all of the open source parts — GlassFish application server, MySQL database, OpenOffice.org suite — is Java the most significant to Oracle? It may be, but regardless of what Oracle is doing, its legal moves here may certainly have an impact on the many other open source projects from Sun that are now under Oracle’s umbrella.

Oracle may also simply be initiating an IP licensing effort around Java, but as Microsoft has found, this can be a delicate endeavor to say the least. Another possibility is that Oracle, not typically mentioned or meaningful when we discuss the hot market of smartphones, wants to make sure the world knows its Java code is in many of that Android technology. Still, there are more constructive ways to go about that, I would think.

We have questioned Oracle’s full appreciation for open source software before, but its latest action simply brings more questions to mind.

The smartphone market is seeing incredible opportunity, competition and innovation right now? In addition, with waves of iPhone and more recently Android popularity, the smartphone market might even be poised for a slow in growth (even though it is by many accounts the fastest growing technology market). Still, if there is some slowing that was part of the natural market cycle, will Oracle take some or even all of the blame?

Given that Google is adept at software development and using open source, we also have to wonder about the impact of any and all major workarounds. Plans may already be well underway to circumvent the use of Java in Android and any range of other devices or markets where it has managed to stay relevant despite its age. This could finally make Java less relevant, or at the least have a negative effect on Java development going forward.

One thing seems clear, Oracle’s move makes all that software patent discussion and debate more relevant and more real. We have sensed a coming storm over software patents, but we did not anticipate a first shot from Oracle, frankly. One of the biggest questions now is what kind of reaction will this trigger from the likes of the Open Invention Network, Linux Foundation (of which Oracle is a Platinum member and Google is a Gold member) or others with resources and interest in legally defending Linux and open source software?