Open source woven into latest, hottest trends

We may not see or hear much about open source in the latest cloud or Big Data offerings, but it’s playing a significant role in the most disruptive trends in enterprise IT.

Just as we’ve seen with open source in cloud computing, it is an integral part of trends that currently are disrupting consumer and enterprise IT markets, including hybrid cloud computing, automation and devops, and Big Data.

Read the full article at LinuxInsider.

Canonical, Ubuntu broadening cloud coverage

Whether it’s been our discussion of unpaid, community Linux, the changing Linux landscape or cloud operating systems, we’ve always seen Canonical’s Ubuntu Linux as a major factor in the emerging cloud computing software market.

Canonical was the first Linux provider to so aggressively and prominently target cloud computing by its support and incorporation of the open source Eucalyptus cloud framework more than two years ago.

More recently, Canonical signaled a move with its next version of Ubuntu Server 11.10 will support a different cloud stack, the open source OpenStack software, as its default cloud platform. Eucalyptus will still be included in the Ubuntu distribution and will remain an option, which is key as we see the desire for multiple technologies and choices emerging as increasingly important to customers (the same thing seems to be happening with open source hypervisors Xen and KVM).

Given our coverage of the significance of open source in cloud computing and the importance of openness to customers moving into cloud computing, it is critical for vendors such as Canonical and technologies such as Ubuntu to be flexible in the other technologies and players with which they integrate.

That’s why it was even more impressive to see Canonical strike a deal with VMware. The two announced recently that Ubuntu 11.10 will also feature integration of and support for VMware’s Cloud Foundry platform-as-a-service (PaaS). This is yet another indicator of increased competition between VMware and Red Hat, which has its own version of PaaS in OpenShift. Regardless of the impact to its fellow Linux provider Red Hat, Canonical’s support for CloudFoundry is wise and positions Ubuntu as among the most flexible Linux distributions for cloud computing.

Canonical still faces significant challenges, primarily the monetization of developer, pilot and unpaid Ubuntu use and also its lack of pre-installation on server hardware from major OEMs. Nevertheless, the company manages to set itself apart from all other Linux providers in its continued focus on mobile and converged devices, as well. HP’s abandonment of the space and the idea of synergy between back end servers and mobile devices running the same OS is not much of a validation. However, it could also be an opportunity for Canonical, which is not burdened by the hardware business that became so painful for HP.

451 CAOS Links 2011.08.16

Google says Hello Moto. A GPL violation that hasn’t actually occurred. And more.

# Google announced plans to acquire Motorola Mobility for $12.5bn, adding an Android handset business and more than 17,000 patents.

# Fabrizio Capobianco speculated that the acquisition represents the end of Android as we know it.

# Meanwhile IP lawyer Edward Naughton continued his Android-bothering by raising the question of GPL compliance and Android device manufacturers unlicensed.

# In response Bradley M. Kuhn noted that Naughton has not identified a GPL violation that actually occurred, while Carlo Daffara pointed out that the GPL portions of Android Honeycomb have been in the AOSP git tree from late January.

# Joyent announced that it had ported KVM to its SmartOS operating system.

# SGI acquired open source computational fluid dynamics software player OpenCFD Ltd.

# Mozilla launched the release candidate draft of Mozilla Public License, version 2.0.

# Rhomobile announced Rhodes 3.1, the latest updates of its native smartphone app framework.

# Karsten Wade called for the formation of a working group on community metrics.

Hypervisor fight good for customers, good for FOSS

There have been many changes in the market and technology since Citrix acquired XenSource and a major stewardship stake in the Xen open source hypervisor four years ago. Red Hat’s 2008 Qumranet acquisition and subsequent push behind the Linux-integrated Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) hypervisor has added to the disruption. One thing, though, remains the same: the intense competition among these open source hypervisors in the enterprise market.

Read the entire article at LinuxInsider.

451 CAOS Links 2011.05.06

Red Hat makes an OpenShift to PaaS. Oracle proposes to Eclipse Hudson. And more.

# Red Hat introduced OpenShift, a Platform-as-a-Service for developers, and launched CloudForms, a product for creating and managing Infrastructure-as-a-Service private and hybrid clouds.

# Red Hat also announced the launch of JBoss Enterprise Data Grid 6, expanded its relationship with Amazon, and announced that it is working together with IBM on KVM-based virtualization projects.

# Oracle announced its proposal to make Hudson a project of the Eclipse Foundation. Jenkins developers are unimpressed. The Eclipse Foundation’s Ian Skerrett rounded up some reaction and answered questions related to the announcement.

# The Apache Software Foundation was subpoenaed to produce documents related to Oracle vs Google. Meanwhile, Oracle’s claims against Google were reduced by the Judge from 132 to 3.

# Attachmate began laying off Novell employees, including Mono developers.

# Actuate’s BIRT licenses represented over half of Actuate license revenue in the first quarter.

# Liferay increased its revenue by 100% in the first quarter.

# Rapid7 increased its sales revenue by 73% in the first quarter.

# CloudBees added Sonar to its DEV@cloud service.

# Gluster announced the general availability of GlusterFS 3.2, as well as the availability of the Gluster Storage Software Appliance.

# Platform Computing launched RTM 8, based on Cacti.

# Arista expanded its EOS Linux-based network operating system.

As the hypervisor turns, Red Hat leaves Xen

With its recent beta release of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6, Red Hat is taking its most pronounced step away from the Xen hypervisor in favor of KVM, which it sees as a step forward for performance, flexibility and support, particularly for virtualization and cloud computing.

It is interesting to watch how Red Hat and Linux rival Novell are moving forward regarding hypervisors. Back a few years ago when Xen, and the hypervisor for that matter, were relatively new to the scene, particularly if it wasn’t VMware’s hypervisor, there was far different positioning from the big Linux vendors Novell and Red Hat. Novell was eagerly incorporating Xen into its SUSE Linux Enterprise Server software, ready to take advantage of the move to virtualization to consolidate servers and support, which was particularly popular with Linux. Contrast this to Red Hat, which was still holding off on actually incorporating Xen into its Red Hat Enterprise Linux, in large part based on RHEL’s key verticals and customers such as financial services and telecommunications companies that were more committed to stability than to jump into Xen. We also saw a little bit of this story repeating itself on real-time Linux a couple of years ago.

Now contrast this to today’s situation, where Red Hat is eagerly and rapidly moving its support, resources and customers to KVM, which it sees as advantageous all around with performance, manageability and other benefits of being integrated into the Linux kernel and being newer. Novell, meanwhile, isn’t being quite as reluctant on a move to KVM, since it benefits from the same integration on SLES (Novell contributes to the Linux kernel and KVM and also supports KVM for customers in a service pack to SLES 11). However, Novell is likely in no hurry to see Red Hat’s $107m Qumranet acquisition and KVM support pay off, and it is likely more than content to continue to support and work with Xen and the many customers using it.

So while Red Hat can rightfully claim the lead on KVM development and pushing it into the market, Novell may benefit from spreading its support more evenly among the various hypervisor and virtualization management technologies that continue to get customer and cloud use, including KVM and Xen and VMware. Regardless of where these and other vendors are placing their hypervisor, virtualization and cloud computing bets, it is certainly intersting drama to watch.

451 CAOS Links 2010.02.16

Moblin and Maemo merge as MeeGo. Talend passes 1,000 customers. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Intel’s Moblin and Nokia’s Maemo projects merged as MeeGo, hosted by The Linux Foundation.

# Talend announced that it more than doubled revenue in 2009, growing its customer base from 420 to over 1,000.

# The Symbian Foundation unveiled the Symbian^3 platform and details of how members derive value.

# The LIMO Foundation announced the R3 release of LiMo Platform and new members including Adobe.

# Infoworld asked “is Novell working on a KVM hypervisor?” The answer appears to be “yes.”

# VMware completed its acquisition of Zimbra.

# Opsera updated its systems monitoring platform to version 3.6.

# Mark Hamilton reassured Lustre users that the open source file system has a future at Oracle.

# New devices from ELSE, NEC and Panasonic brought the number of LIMO compliant handsets to 50.

# Wavemaker’s CEO explained how the move from the AGPL to Apache impacted the company’s community and commercial growth.

# The 2010 Annual InfoWorld-North Bridge Venture Partners Future of Open Source Survey is now live.

# Open World Forum 2010 published its call for proposals.

451 CAOS Links 2009.09.04

Red Hat round-up. EC to review Oracle-Sun. Dedicated Ubuntu support. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

Red Hat announcements round-up
Red Hat announced a whole heap of products and projects this week. They should have organized an event to coincide with all the announcements. Or something. The biggest news was probably the launch of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 including KVM and other virtualization capabilities, while Red Hat and HP partnered to optimize Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization for HP BladeSystem Matrix. The company also revealed that Red Hat Network Satellite 5.3 is now available and launched its Deltacloud project to enable private/public cloud interoperability while the JBoss community unveiled the GateIn portal, the future of the JBoss Portal and eXo Portal projects, and launched the Savara project to build tools for enterprise and solution architects.

EC to review Oracle-Sun deal
European Commission confirmed its in-depth investigation into proposed takeover of Sun by Oracle related to MySQL. Our take on the news, which some links to relevant reports and commentary, can be found here.

Best of the rest
# Canonical launched its Premium Service Engineer advanced Ubuntu service and support offering, featuring a single point of contact for Canonical’s large customers.

# CollabNet introduced Community in a Box services for TeamForge, including the services of a full-time or part-time community manager.

# Coupa Software raised $7.5M in series C funding round.

# MuleSource changed its name to MuleSoft and launched MuleSoft Tcat Server, based on Tomcat. Greg Schott provided some explanation for the name switcheroo.

# Jaspersoft announced a reseller partnership with Amentra, Red Hat’s systems integrator business.

# DotNetNuke released Elite Edition, Elite Edition Premier, and Developer Support Services.

# The H Open reported on a discussion among the openSUSE community about a free SUSE Linux version with long-term support.

# Acquia announced the availability of Acquia Hosting for Drupal installations.

# eWeek published 11 Apache Technologies that Have Changed Computing in the Last 10 Years.

# Texas Instruments released Eclipse-based Code Composer Studio IDE.

# Talend expanded with new OEM partnerships.

# MySQL founders invested in (future) open source mobile SDK vendor Mobile Sorcery.

# Larry Augustin suggested that a combination of global connectivity and open source has revitalized the software market.

# Day Software’s David Nuescheler explained the company’s use of open source.

# Merv Adrian asked “what’s An Eigenbase?”

# The VAR Guy reported that Skype for Asterisk could be a killer combo.

Open source and cloud computing – a match made in heaven?

Next Wednesday The 451 Group will be taking part in Red Hat’s Open Source Cloud Computing Forum, the line-up for which has been finalized this week.

Starting at 9.30am ET the event is designed to is to foster discussion across a broad range of technical topics related to cloud computing, including: virtualization, security, management, open standards, hybrid public-private clouds, and data formats.

We are pleased to be able to take part in the event, presenting an independent overview of the confluence of open source and cloud computing. The overview of our session is as follows:

    Open source software has been a fundamental building block for cloud computing, enabling cloud platform providers to quickly and cheaply assemble the infrastructure required to provide cloud computing services. The 451 Group examines the key open source projects and vendors that are enabling cloud computing, as well as how the principles of open source software are being extended to cover open APIs and open data formats that reduce the dangers of lock-in.

The rest of the day includes presentations from Red Hat on core cloud services, Cobbler, Condor, KVM, Libvert and Thincrust, as well as representatives from Eucalyptus, Cloudera, Compiere and Zmanda.

It promises to be an interesting day. More details are available here, while you can register for the event itself here.

In the meantime, we’ve got a fair idea of how we see open source and cloud computing coming together, but if you have any thoughts, we always welcome feedback.

451 CAOS Links 2009.02.24

Citrix makes XenServer free, but not open source. REd Hat outlines virtualization strategy. Ingres debuts ECM Appliance. Ubuntu in the clouds. MuleSource appoints a new CEO. OpenLogic and OpenGear boast of their successes. And more.

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Virtual reality
Once again virtualization was at the top of the agenda this week as Citrix announced that XenServer is now free (as in beer). While XenServer is not open source it is based on the open source Xen hypervisor. The company also delivered Citrix Essentials for XenServer and Hyper-V, once again proving that sees its future is in closed source virtualization management. 451 Group clients can read our take on the Citrix announcements here.

Meanwhile Red Hat followed up its partnership with Microsoft with more virtualization news, outlining its hypervisor and virtualization products roadmap following its acquisition of Qumranet, as well as a number of partner certifications. CTO Brian Stevens also shed some light on the virtualization strategy.

More on open source business models

The discussion continued with Matt Asay and Tarus Balog before I delivered my thoughts on the matter. I previously mentioned that Carlo Daffara has been at the forefront in terms of examining open source business strategies and it was good to see Carlo start off his new blog with the first in a series on the dynamics of OSS adoption followed byfurther comments on my post.

Ubuntu says G’day to the cloud
Mark Shuttleworth introduced Karmic Koala, the next version of Ubuntu and the first to enable the deployment of Ubuntu in the cloud – specifically Amazon Web Services. Karmic Koala will also enable improved use of Eucalyptus, support for which will be introduced in Jaunty Jackalope. Speaking of which, that release will come with a new version of the Landscape remote management tool. As WorkswithU documented, Canonical plans to more aggressively promote Landscape in 2009.

# Following last week’s debate about corporate contributions, The Washington Times released a number of open source projects including a a source code repository manager and issue tracking application and a multi-media management application.

# Greg Schott was announced as new CEO of MuleSource.

# Ingres launched the Ingres Enterprise Content Management Appliance developed with Alfresco.

# Opengear reported record order bookings in the fourth quarter of 2008.

# Symbian Foundation director Lee Williams told “Android is not open. It’s a marketing label. It’s controlled by Google.”

# Optaros facilitated the integration of CMIS into the Drupal open source CMS in conjunction with Alfresco and Acquia.

# OpenLogic claimed 2x increase in enterprise customers in 2008 and more than 75 enterprise customers in total.

# The EC’s Open Source Observatory and Repository began offering web space and facilities for open source communities.

# Paglo introduced network management as a service.

# MIPS Technologies joined The Linux Foundation.

# XAware announced the availability of XAware 5.3.

# In an open letter to the openSUSE Community board members Pascal Bleser and Bryen Yunashko confirmed that some members of the openSUSE Community were laid off by Novell.

Open game on the virtual desktop

Virtualization giant VMware this week announced a new open source version of its virtual desktop software, dubbed VMware View Open Client. Licensed under the LGPL, the open source virtual desktop software and its source code will be available, primarily to VMware partners, to spur development of supporting virtual desktop software.

While virtual desktop, whereby virtualization is used to create virtual instances and thin clients in place of traditional desktop machines, is still fairly new in the enterprise, we’ve been wondering when virtualization would sway back to open source for some time.

We see the wisdom in providing the View source code to spur more thin-client desktop offerings that are based on VMware’s software, but we also see competitive forces prompting the move.

VMware’s biggest competitor Citrix, for example, recently highlighted its collaboration with Intel on new hypervisor technology and Project Independence, which is intended to streamline and simplify virtual desktop deployment.

Let’s also not forget Red Hat’s relatively recent entry into the virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) game as well, with the company’s $107m purchase of KVM virtualization player Qumranet. We’ll note here that prominent among VMware View Open Client’s features is a Novell SUSE Linux Enterprise Thin Client Add-On RPM package and command line interface.

There’s no doubt VDI competition is heating up and it seems the players are, wisely, looking to open source and community effects to help build up their offerings and followings. Once again, customers truly stand to benefit as vendors vie for openness and break down the barriers that bring lock-in.

Choosing virtualization sides

We’ve sure seen some interesting maneuvering on virtualization recently by the major OS players Microsoft, Novell and Red Hat. While Red Hat sought a bigger stake in virtualization with its $107m Qumranet acquisition, Microsoft and Novell were busy releasing the first fruit of their interoperability lab – native support and performance for Novell’s SUSE Linux as a more welcome guest OS on Microsoft’s Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V.

It’s interesting to see Novell so vigorously supporting Microsoft’s Hyper-V, and this may be part of what accompanies the partnership with Microsoft and its purchase of SUSE Linux coupons, but Novell is certainly not alone in its Hyper-V support. This is also a logical place for Microsoft and Novell to build on their promise of Linux-Windows interoperability. However, it may raise questions about the impact to the other virtualization technology that has figured prominently in Novell’s SUSE Linux for the last couple of years: Xen. Novell insists Xen is its hypervisor of choice and it remains committed to the virtualization software and project. In fact, as Novell seeks to make good on its promise to deliver some of its collaboration with Microsoft back to the greater Linux community, Xen may very well be the place it does so. At the same time, when asked about Red Hat’s Qumranet buy, one Novell executive responded by touting Xen’s ecosystem, which has indeed matured dramatically since Novell first included it in its enterprise Linux more than two years ago.

Red Hat has also affirmed its commitment to supporting Xen as well, even while it was announcing its $100m+ investment in, ahem, another virtualiation technology and company. Nevertheless, Red Hat also realizes the time, effort and maturation that it has taken for Xen to get where it is. In fact, that was one of the drivers for the Qumranet deal, according to one company official who says Red Hat knew it had to get something that was already underway, yet could speed and spread Red Hat’s presence in virtualization. Qumranet and KVM may be the ticket, but the lone Linux vendor will have formidable challenges in its OS rivals Microsoft and Novell, as well as the ‘virtualization only’ vendors (VMware and Citrix) that Red Hat is aiming at with its new acquisition.

Red Hat snaps up Qumranet for $107m

I mentioned just few weeks ago that virtualization specialist Qumranet, would make an “obvious target should Red Hat decide it needs more hypervisor in-house expertise.”

It was so obvious that Red Hat announced today that it is to acquire Qumranet for $107m in cash, adding its KVM (Kernel Virtual Machine) platform and SolidICE virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) offering to the Red Hat portfolio.

The acquisition extends Red Hat’s influence over Windows desktops, as the FAQ explains:

“Red Hat will be able to offer a secure and scalable virtualization platform to Windows desktop customers. Red Hat is focused on providing the best infrastructure upon which to run the complete spectrum of enterprise workloads. This will range from server virtualization to desktop virtualization, which includes Linux servers, Windows servers, Linux desktops, and Windows desktops — all running on and managed by a Red Hat infrastructure..”

KVM has been included in the Linux kernel since version 2.6.20, and while it is included in Fedora, it is not yet in Red Hat Enterprise Linux, which is based on 2.6.18-8. In June the company announced that its forthcoming Embedded Linux Hypervisor would be based on KVM.

However, the company has traditionally sided with the Xen hypervisor and has confirmed that it will continue to support Xen until “at least 2014 (seven years after the release of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5)” and that “no decision on timing for the transition from Xen to KVM has been made”.

The financial details of the deal are as follows:

“The acquisition is not expected to contribute materially to revenue in the fiscal year ending February 28, 2009, but should add up to $20 million in revenue in the following year. Red Hat expects Qumranet operating expenses will be approximately $3.5-4.5 million per quarter before non-cash stock-based compensation expense, amortization expense and other charges resulting from the closing of the acquisition. The transaction is expected to be dilutive to FY09 GAAP earnings by $0.05 to $0.06 per diluted share and to FY09 GAAP cash flow from operations by $0.03-$0.04 per diluted share.”