Your chance to define the “state of MySQL”

We are very honoured to have been asked to give a “state of the MySQL” keynote presentation at the Percona Live MySQL Conference and Expo in April.

While this will not be in any way an official “state of the dolphin” presentation, I think it is fitting given the expansion of the MySQL ecosystem that the Percona Live event includes an independent perspective on the state of MySQL. The full title of the presentation – MySQL, YourSQL, NoSQL, NewSQL – the state of the MySQL ecosystem – reflects that.

We want to present an independent perspective on the health of the MySQL ecosystem in 2013, drawing on our research and analysis, as well as the views of the participants in that ecosystem.

You have a chance to directly influence the content of the presentation by taking part in our 2013 Database survey.

The aim of this survey is to identify trends in database usage, as well as changing attitudes to MySQL following its acquisition by Oracle, and the competitive dynamic between MySQL and other databases, including NoSQL and NewSQL technologies, as well as MariaDB, Percona Server and other MySQL variants.

There are just 15 questions to answer, spread over five pages, and the entire survey should take less than ten minutes to complete.

All individual responses are of course confidential. The results will be published as part of a major research report due during Q2.

The full report will be available to 451 Research clients, while the results of the survey will also be made freely available via the keynote presentation.

Thanks in advance for your participation. We’re looking forward to analyzing and presenting the results. Once again, you can find the the survey at http://bit.ly/451db13

Our 2013 Database survey is now live

451 Research’s 2013 Database survey is now live at http://bit.ly/451db13 investigating the current use of database technologies, including MySQL, NoSQL and NewSQL, as well as traditional relation and non-relational databases.

The aim of this survey is to identify trends in database usage, as well as changing attitudes to MySQL following its acquisition by Oracle, and the competitive dynamic between MySQL and other databases, including NoSQL and NewSQL technologies.

There are just 15 questions to answer, spread over five pages, and the entire survey should take less than ten minutes to complete.

All individual responses are of course confidential. The results will be published as part of a major research report due during Q2.

The full report will be available to 451 Research clients, while the results of the survey will also be made freely available via a
presentation at the Percona Live MySQL Conference and Expo in April.

Last year’s results have been viewed nearly 55,000 times on SlideShare so we are hoping for a good response to this year’s survey.

One of the most interesting aspects of a 2012 survey results was the extent to which MySQL users were testing and adopting PostgreSQL. Will that trend continue or accelerate in 2013? And what of the adoption of cloud-based database services such as Amazon RDS and Google Cloud SQL?

Are the new breed of NewSQL vendors having any impact on the relational database incumbents such as Oracle, Microsoft and IBM? And how is SAP HANA adoption driving interest in other in-memory databases such as VoltDB and MemSQL?

We will also be interested to see how well NoSQL databases fair in this year’s survey results. Last year MongoDB was the most popular, followed by Apache Cassandra/DataStax and Redis. Are these now making a bigger impact on the wider market, and what of Basho’s Riak, CouchDB, Neo4j, Couchbase et al?

Additionally, we have been tracking attitudes to Oracle’s ownership of MySQL since the deal to acquire Sun was announced. Have MySQL users’ attitudes towards Oracle improved or declined in the last 12 months, and what impact will the formation of the MariaDB Foundation have on MariaDB adoption?

We’re looking forward to analyzing the results and providing answers to these and other questions. Please help us to get the most representative result set by taking part in the survey at http://bit.ly/451db13

451 CAOS Links 2011.12.06

Data.gov goes open source. GridGain raises $2.5m And more.

# The White House is set to open source Data.gov as open government data platform.

# GridGain closed $2.5m series A funding.

# Digital Reasoning raised an undisclosed series B funding round.

# Contrary to some reports, Google and Mozilla are still negotiating their search and advertising deal.

# Jedox introduced version 3.3 of its BI suite, changing the name of the premium edition from Palo to Jedox.

# MapR announced version 1.2 of the MapR Distribution for Apache Hadoop.

# Xamarin released Mono for Android 4.0.

# Splunk introduced Shep, an open source project that enables two-way Splunk-Hadoop integration.

# HPCC Systems is now providing its Thor Data Refinery Cluster on the Amazon Web Services platform.

# Monty Program previewed some features in forthcoming versions of MariaDB.

# AppDynamics partnered with Datastax to provide application performance management for distributed applications running on Apache Cassandra.

# Gorilla Logic announced the latest version of FoneMonkey for iOS

451 CAOS Links 2010.12.03

New CEOs for Funambol and Openbravo. Funding for 10gen. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca, and daily at Paper.li/caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Funambol appointed Amit Chawla as its new CEO.

# Openbravo appointed Paolo Juvara as its new CEO and raised a new funding round.

# 10gen raised $6.5m in third-round funding led by Sequoia Capital.

# Microsoft has reportedly invested an undisclosed sum in TurboHercules.

# Novell reported Linux platform revenue of $144m in fiscal 2010, down 3.2% on 2009. Total revenue down 5.8% to $812m.

# The EC has fallen foul of its own OSS procurement policy with its “quasi-open source” Alfresco implementation.

# Tasktop announced that Tasktop for Visual Studio is now in beta.

# Kurt von Finck clarified Monty Program’s position on the MariaDB trademark.

# Giuseppe Maxia discussed the state of MySQL forks.

# The Register reported that Oracle has not registered the Hudson trademark it is currently attempting to enforce.

# GroundWork announced its Enterprise Quickstart version of GroundWork Monitor Enterprise 6.3.

# ActiveState is offering its ActivePython Community and Business Editions as part of a pre-built AMI for EC2.

# The openSUSE project launched the Tumbleweed rolling update project.

# Alfresco announced the first official release of its Activiti BPM software.

# Dave Rosenberg reported on the latest Linux Foundation kernel development report.

# Sonatype launched Sonatype Professional including integrated Maven, Nexus Pro, Hudson and m2eclipse.

# Magnolia announced the release of Magnolia CMS 4.4.

If you fork it, will they come?

There is much excitement this week (understandably) about the formation of the Document Foundation and the LibreOffice fork of Openoffice.org.

Alan Bell sees correlation with the previous fork of Joomla from Mambo and has illustrated the potential impact that forking a project can have with a Google Trends chart, where Mambo is the blue line, and Joomla is the red line:

A similar chart for Debian (blue) and Ubuntu (red) is also instructive:

Or what about Nagios (blue) and Icinga (red):

Hmm. Maybe not the best example. After all, as we reported, the Icinga fork had some commercial motivations attached to it, and it’s not exactly the highest profile fork.

What about something a bit more comparable, like MySQL (blue) and MariaDB (red):

Oh.

Which is not to say that LibreOffice will not be a success, but when it comes to forking, creating the fork is clearly just the start. It takes time, and a lot of effort, to generate the momentum for a fork to be truly successful. There is bound to be an initial spike in developer and user interest. Turning that into a meaningful and productive community will be the hard part.

451 CAOS Links 2010.07.20

The creation and implications of Openstack. Yet more core. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

OpenStack
# Rackspace announced that it is open sourcing its cloud platform and collaborating with NASA and others on OpenStack.

# Cloudera’s Ed Albanese explained the importance of OpenStack in the relationship between OSS and cloud.

# Matt Asay explained why Rackspace’s open cloud just might work.

Yet more core
# Simon Phipps explored whether OpenStack is, in part, a response to Eucalyptus’s open core approach.

# Simon Phipps on “open source business”.

# Monty Widenius attempted to define “open source company”

# Andrew Oliver offered “a simple declaration about open core”.

# Dave Neary weighed in on the open core debate.

# More on open core from Tarus Balog and Russ Nelson.

# Dana Blankenhorn asked who should pay with open core and examined the paid-free boundary.

Best of the rest
# Puppet Labs raised $5m series B from Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers.

# The European Commission committed 3.3m euro to continue its open source and reusable data projects.

# Kirk Wylie explained why OpenGamma hasn’t released its open source software yet.

# The Open Information Security Foundation announced Suricata 1.0, an open source engine for intrusion detection.

# Zenoss released Zenoss Core 3.

# Likewise Software claimed a record first half.

# Protecode launched version 4 of its code scanning software and open source license management system.

# Heroku is now supporting CouchDB, MongoDB, Membase/Memcached and Redis via the Heroku Add-on System.

# The H reported that individual Symbian devs have formed a cooperative to ensure they are part of the Symbian Foundation.

# The VAR Guy reported that Canonical is lloking for 10 new hosting partners.

# Pentaho estimated that customers have accrued $2bn cumulative savings on license and maintenance costs.

# Nexenta Systems claimed a 351% revenue increase in the first half of 2010.

# MariaDB’s storage engine is now known as Aria.

# Microsoft’s IronPython, IronRuby and Dynamic Language Runtime are now under the Apache 2.0 license.

451 CAOS Links 2010.05.25

What’s missing from WebM? VoltDB launches. The importance of profitability. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Simon Phipps examined what’s missing from WebM, from an open source perspective.

# Mike Stonebraker’s VoltDB officially launched its open source in-memory OLTP database.

# Jim Whitehurst argued that one of Red Hat’s most valuable contributions to open source is its profitability.

# Infobright appointed former Aleri CEO Don DeLoach as its new president and chief executive.

# Monty Program launched an Unlimited support offering for a company’s entire MySQL/MariaDB estate.

# Red Hat has announced the availability of Fedora 13.

# Terracotta claimed 100 customers have upgraded to the enterprise edition of Ehcache in the last 10 months.

# Stéphane Croisier discussed the future of open source CMS, and the future of open core.

# Pogo Linux released a new line of StorageDirector Z2 Foundation and StorageDirector Z2 HA Cluster products.

# Couchio started testing a hosted CouchDB service.

# A group of implementers of the open source ERP application ADempiere formed ADempiere Business Consultants.

# Simon Phipps argued the case for the continuing relevance of the Open Source Initiative.

# Red Hat’s Paul Cormier disputed Oracle’s open source credentials.

# BitTorrent released an open source implementation of its µTP protocol.

# Microsoft released two new open source projects for interoperability with Outlook.

# Carlo Daffara discussed the limited potential in trying to convert open source users into paying customers.

# When should you use Hadoop? Cloudera’s Jeff Bean offered some suggestions.

# Andrew Oliver argued that for Microsoft, open source means “Windows Encumbered” although without examples.

# While Mark Stone argued in favor of constructive engagement between open source and Microsoft.

# ibatis has become MyBatis and moved from Apache to Google Code.

# Who will build the LAMP cloud? Or does cloud computing need LAMP?

# CIO Update reported on Red Hat’s plans to commercialize deltaCloud.

# Linux trading system to save London Stock Exchange £10m a year, Computerworld reported.

451 CAOS Links 2010.04.16

Oracle outlines MySQL plans. Datameer launches with Series A funding. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Oracle confirmed InnoDB as the default MySQL storage engine, Hot Backup to become part of MySQL Enterprise and announced MySQL Cluster 7.1.

# Datameer launched Analytics Solution, which combines Hadoop with a spreadsheet interface, and also closed a $2.5m Series A round of funding from Redpoint Ventures.

# Infobright announced that it grew its customers base from 50 to 120 in the last 12 months, profiled five latest customer wins.

# Acquia launched a global training program for Drupal designers and developers.

# Acquia began building a free Drupal distro named “Drupal Commons”, to go after Jive Software.

# SugarCRM is moving to the AGPLv3 for Sugar 6.

# Collabora has become a member of the Linux Foundation and will participate in the MeeGo project.

# Binary Analysis released an open source licensing auditing tool for compliance & due-diligence.

# Ingres partnered with Engineering Ingegneria Informatica S.p.A on the SpagoBI Analytical Appliance.

# The Register reported on future plans for Drizzle and MariaDB.

# IronRuby reached version 1.0.

# Oracle halted the distribution of free OpenSolaris CDs.

# What is Open Cloud? Asked John Mark Walker.

# Funambol and Clearwire partnered on an open source 4G device management offering.

# SplendidCRM Software updated its Microsoft-centric open source CRM software with support for Exchange Server 2010.

# Jahia released Enterprise Edition v6.1 with an optimized search mechanism.

# Google will reportedly soon make its VP8 video codec open source.

# Schooner Info Tech updated its appliances for MySQL and memcached.

# MindTouch and Levementum partnered to enable integration with SugarCRM.

# SnapLogic launched its SnapStore integration store, partnership with SugarCRM.

# OpenLogic announced the general availability of OpenLogic OSS Deep Discovery.

# Time to fork OpenSolaris? IDG and Savio Rodrigues assess the arguments.

# CIO musings on open source – What have you done for me lately? Miriam Tuerk reported from the Open Source Think Tank.

# Geeknet launched SourceForge Downloads, a free, global download service.

# Assembla announced free subversion and git repository hosting.

451 CAOS Links 2010.03.23

Marten Mickos joins Eucalyptus. Novell rejects Elliot. Perspectives on OSBC. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Mårten Mickos was named CEO of Eucalyptus Systems.

# Novell’s board rejected Elliot’s takeover proposal as inadequate, will review other alternatives.

# North Bridge Venture Partners published the results of its Future of Open Source survey.

# Rob Bearden was appointed executive chairman of the board of Pentaho.

# The Eclipse Foundation announced the creation of two new EclipseRT projects: Eclipse Gemini and Eclipse Virgo.

# The Tokyo Stock Exchange selected Red Hat Enterprise Linux as the platform for its next-generation trading system.

# Red Hat announced the launch of JBoss Enterprise SOA Platform 5.0.

# Russia approved Oracle’s acquisition of Sun, on the condition that it continue to develop MySQL.

# Brian Aker asked and answered the question “Where did all of the MySQL developers go?”

# rPath joined the Linux Foundation.

# Sonatype announced Maven Studio for Eclipse, an Eclipse IDE optimized for Maven.

# MoSync added support for Android devices in its cross-platform mobile development SDK.

# GoAhead software shifted to an open source model based around the OpenSAF high availability middleware project.

# Olliance published an interview with Miguel Valdés Faura, CEO and co-founder of BonitaSoft.

# Glyn Moody interviewed Eben Moglen about his plan to save us from the big data hoarders.

# Protecode launched the Library IP Auditor, an extension to the Protecode Enterprise IP Analyzer product.

# Monty Widenius reflected on year one of MariaDB.

# The CodePlex Foundation announced the formation of its second open source gallery.

# Carlo Daffara published a small and unscientific, but very interesting, exploration of OSS license use.

# Opentaps released version 1.4 of its open source ERP + CRM system.

# Novell and Ingres announced that Ingres’s database is available within SUSE Studio as part of the SUSE Appliance Program.

# Glyn Moody dissected Microsoft’s view on the Apple v HTC patent fight and sees trouble ahead.

# Microsoft announced that it is taking a more active role participating in the development of the jQuery JavaScript Library.

Perspectives on OSBC

# LinuxPlanet reported on one of two CAOS presentations at OSBC, while Stephen Walli blogged about 451 CAOS’s visual model for open source business.

# Jay Lyman’s post on OSBC 2010 – Age of open source enablement.

# Tarus Balog’s perspective on OSBC day one, and day two.

# Matt Asay reported on Red Hat CEO Jim Whitehurst’s keynote at OSBC.

# Good recap of Tim O’Reilly’s keynote at OSBC: the future’s in the data.

# A review of OSBC, from a Microsoft interoperability perspective.

CAOS Theory Podcast 2010.02.19

Topics for this podcast:

*Jacobsen v. Katzer and open source impact
*Intel, Nokia team up for MeeGo open source OS
*Open source continues in embedded space
*MongoDB and the advent of the NoSQL databases
*Copyrights, complexities, control and conflict

iTunes or direct download (21:48, 6.07 MB)

451 CAOS Links 2010.02.02

Oracle’s plans for Sun’s OSS. The UK’s updated OSS strategy. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

Oracle’s plans for Sun’s OSS
# Oracle’s MySQL strategy slide.

# eWeek reported that database thought leaders are divided on Oracle MySQL.

# Savio Rodrigues and Computerworld on Oracle’s plans for MySQL, other open source assets.

# Zack Urlocker is leaving Oracle/Sun/MySQL.

# Red Hat’s Mark Little maintained that despite acquisitions elsewhere, Red Hat is till the home of open source.

# ForgeRock was formed to provide a new home for Sun Microsystems’ OpenSSO product.

# Continuent, Codership, and Monty Program are planning enhancements to the replication system in MariaDB/MySQL.

UK updates open source strategy

# Techworld reported that open source vendors underwhelmed by the UK government’s open source policy update.

# Alan Lord explained the changes that have and haven’t been made to the UK’s open source policy.

Best of the rest
# Alfresco shifted its Community Edition to the LGPL.

# Marten Mickos is now entrepreneur in residence at Index Ventures, as well as Benchmark Capital.

# Mark Shuttleworth called for a uniform copyright assignment policy for free and open source software projects.

# Facebook has either rewritten the PHP runtime from scratch or is introducing a new compiler.

# SD Times reported that Microsoft has distributed almost all its coupons for Novell SUSE Linux support.

# Brian Proffitt speculated about how many SUSE Linux servers you can buy with $240m in coupons.

# Calpont launched InfiniDB Enterprise, MySQL-based analytic database engine.

# The H asked ‘When is it worth saying it’s Linux?’

# Nuxeo added Studio, a configuration and customization environment to its Connect subscription service.

# Appcelerator claimed to have added 1,000 new developers since adding support for the iPad.

# Opengear scored a $1 million open source deal.

# Telefónica released a number of projects related to its Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) clouds research.

# An interview with Jaspersoft CEO, Brian Gentile, on open source strategies.

# Joe Brockmeier argued that Defective by Design is is increasingly out of touch with the majority of users.

# Zenoss claimed 150% revenue growth, pitches itself as a virtualization management vendor.

# Zend Technologies’ Zend Framework 1.10 added support for Windows Azure.

# The Civic Hacker compared the open source policies of San Francisco, Vancouver and Portland.

# GovFresh investigated what the Open Government Directive Means for open source.

# The H reported that CloudLinux has presented a beta version of its Linux distribution for web hosting services.

# Andy Oram explained how trademark law “hasn’t caught up to free and open source software”.

# Pentaho’s CEO claimed the company will double bookings in 2010.

# Infobright delivered multi-server high availability with version 3.1.1 of its Enterprise Edition data warehouse.

# Open-Xchange is offering its open source e-mail and groupware software on a hardware appliance.

# CVSDude became Codesion, delivers on-demand version control offering.

# ActiveState launched Business Edition, providing support for ActivePerl, ActivePython and ActiveTcl.

# Continuent is to focus its attention on the data management of SaaS providers.

# Spanish public administrations are sponsoring the development of Zorb, an open source extension to Nagios.

451 CAOS Links 2010.01.19

Monty turns his attention to the East. The value of JBoss to Red Hat. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

For the latest on Oracle’s acquisition of MySQL via Sun, see Everything you always wanted to know about MySQL but were afraid to ask

# Monty Widenius predicted that the EU will clear Oracle-Sun “any moment”, turning his attention to Russia and China.

# Meanwhile the release candidate of MariaDB 5.1 is now ready for testing.

# With EC approval imminent, All Things D reported that Oracle has prepared its letters to Sun employees.

# Marc Fleury shared his thoughts on the Save MySQL campaign, suggests JBoss is making Red Hat $100m/yr.

# Hugo Roy published a draft of Why Free Software matters for Society.

# Disney Enterprises released its Ptex 3D modeling library under the BSD license.

# MuleSoft delivered Mule MQ JMS messaging software.

# Nexenta Systems claimed 740% revenue growth in 2009 over the previous year.

# Open source community forum software vendor Vanilla Forums raised CAD500,000 Series A.

# Datamation published The limits of Linux’s “live free or die”.

# The Canonical and Ubuntu leadership asked users what new proprietary apps they’d like in the next version.

# While Canonical launched a dedicated support program for Lotus Symphony.

# An insight into open source initiatives at BT, via FossBazaar.

# John Mark Walker speculated on the future of Zimbra at VMware.

# BAE Systems selected MontaVista Linux to power new artillery and naval gun systems.

# Assimilate Technology released its VersaFix open source FIX Engine for the .NET platform.

# The 9 most important events in open source history, according to Royal Pingdom.

# Interview with Tasktop CEO Mik Kersten on the importance of transparency.

# Russ Danner argued that leadership, rather than license, is key to a strong development community.

# Andrew Aitken suggested that helping CIOs get into the game might be the best way to sell them open source.

EC investigation of Oracle-Sun enters the endgame

Oracle’s proposed acquisition of Sun Microsystems looks set for approval by the European Commission after the competition commission welcomed commitments from Oracle related to the future development and licensing of the open source MySQL database.

The EC has until January 27, 2010, to reach a final decision however it appears that significant progress has been made following hearings in Brussels last week where Oracle made its case for approving the acquisition and opponents including SAP, Microsoft and Monty Program AB argued against the proposed acquisition.

Oracle has published a list of ten commitments that it is prepared to make to assuage the EC’s concerns over the future of MySQL, which were quickly and enthusiastically welcomed by the European Commission.

Oracle’s commitments

Oracle’s list of ten commitments related to the future licensing and commercial arrangements for MySQL, with a specific focus on the developers of storage engines that plug in to the core MySQL database enabling it to be used for specific application purposes, such as data warehousing, transactional applications, and clustered environments. Oracle stated that the commitments would continue for five years after the completion of the acquisition.

Oracle committed to the ongoing availability of storage engine application programming interfaces (APIs) as well as a promise to change Sun’s current copyright policy to ensure that storage engine providers would not require a commercial license to implement the APIs and would not be required to release their storage engines under the GNU General Public License. Oracle also promised that storage engine providers that currently have an OEM license with Sun to use MySQL alongside proprietary storage engines would be able to extend those agreements on the same terms until December 10, 2014.

With regards to open source licensing, Oracle also committed to continue releasing future versions of the MySQL Community Edition under the GNU GPL, and that new releases of the Community Edition would coincide with new releases of the Enterprise Edition product, for which proprietary licenses and subscription support are available.

Oracle also promised that customers will not be required to purchase support subscriptions from Oracle in order to obtain a proprietary license and that users that do opt to pay for support will have a choice of annual or muti-year support subscriptions

Oracle also repeated its promise to increase research and development spending on MySQL, detailing that in each of the next three years it will spend more that the $24m Sun spent on developing MySQL in its most recent financial year.

The company also stated that it would create two advisory boards – one representing end users and another representing storage engine vendors – to provide guidance on development priorities and other issues. Both will be created within 18 months of the acquisition closing. Finally Oracle committed to maintaining and updating the MySQL Reference Manual at no charge.

Commission’s response

The European competition commission welcomed the commitments, noting that the promises regarding copyright non-assertion and the extension of existing commercial licenses are significant new facts to be taken into consideration.

In the context of the commitments Competition Commissioner Neelie Kroes repeated her previous statement indicating optimism that an agreement could be reached that would allow the acquisition to proceed in a manner that would not have an adverse impact on competition in the European database market.

Last-minute intervention?

Although the commission responded warmly to Oracle’s commitments, the same cannot be said for Oracle’s opponents, especially Monty Program AB, the company set up by MySQL creator Monty Widenius to provide development and support for the MariaDB fork of the MySQL code base. Widenius has initiated a last-minute campaign to highlight user concerns over the future of MySQL, encouraging users to email the commission detailing their their about Oracle’s potential to raise prices and discourage MySQL developments that would enable it to better compete with the Oracle Database.

According to a recent survey of open source users conducted by The 451 Group, 14.4% of current MySQL users are less likely to use the open source database if it is acquired by Oracle, compared to 5.6% who are more likely to use MySQL if it is acquired by Oracle. The majority of users, 63.9%, will continue to use MySQL. That survey, and Widenius’s call to arms, came before the publication of Oracle’s commitments, however.

The 451 take

We did not expect Oracle to offer any concessions that would see it having to divest MySQL. The commitments that Oracle has made appear to strike a balance that protects the current business interests of MySQL storage engine providers and licensees without forcing Oracle to give up any rights to the database product. The EC’s swift and enthusiastic response indicates that the commitments settle many of its concerns about the future of MySQL. Oracle’s acquisition of Sun is not quite a done deal – we suspect there may still be room for negotiation regarding timescales – but it would appear that a major regulatory hurdle has just been lowered significantly. We now expect the proposed acquisition to be approved sooner rather than later. Oracle can be expected to invest in MySQL and position it as an alternative to Microsoft’s SQL Server at the low-end of the database market and for desktop and web applications while continuing to use its Oracle Database product to compete with SQL Server for high end enterprise applications. Do not expect Microsoft to take that competitive threat lying down. Even assuming that the EC’s investigation is near to completion, the controversy surrounding MySQL is likely to be far from over.

The case against the case against Oracle-MySQL

Matt Asay is right, in my opinion, to point out the inherent bias in the case Monty Widenius et al have made against Oracle’s potential ownership of MySQL. I would go further, however, in stating that the case being made against Oracle is flawed by the fact that it is so self-serving. For instance:

  • I previously noted that the Widenius/Mueller case against Oracle owning Sun/MySQL is entirely dependent on the theory that Oracle will not invest in the ongoing development of MySQL, which is something it has publicly committed to doing.
  • The case against Oracle owning Sun is also based on the theory that the only way for a fork of MySQL to generate revenue is via dual licensing. This is clearly not the case. It might be true that the only way for a fork of MySQL to generate the level of revenue required by Monty Program is through dual licensing, but that is not the same thing.
    .
    It might also be true to say that the only way for a fork of MySQL to generate the level of revenue required to be self-sustaining is though dual licensing, but that statement is dependent on the theory that Oracle will not invest in the ongoing development of MySQL, which is something it has publicly committed to doing.

    The launch of Amazon’s Relational Database Service clearly proved that it is possible to generate revenue from MySQL as a third party without dual licensing. RDS was dismissed by Florian Mueller, in an “information kit” sent to analysts/journalists as being “not a real ‘fork'”. This may be true, but it does not prove that RDS is not a viable way for a third party to generate revenue from MySQL, it just proves that it is not the way Monty Program chooses to generate revenue from MySQL.

  • The case against Oracle owning MySQL is also dependent on the theory that MySQL has progressed to the point where it is a viable “option to replace an existing Oracle installation”. This is wishful thinking at best, and deliberately misleading at worst.
    .
    Ask someone who uses both Oracle and MySQL – Mark Callaghan for example – and they will tell you that despite the advances made by MySQL the two are not directly comparable. MySQL has undeniably been deployed to replace Oracle Database installations, but invariably this is due to the fact that the Oracle Database was not the right tool for the job in the first place.
    .
    Too often IT users use a sledgehammer when a hammer will do, and the growth of MySQL was driven by the fact that it was the right tool for web-facing PHP applications. As we previously noted, Oracle executives once dismissed MySQL as a Toyota compared to its 747. It was a comparison that MySQL used to its advantage. Maybe today MySQL has grown some wings, but it is still more suitable for short-haul than trans-Atlantic flights.

    Perhaps this is missing the point, though. Perhaps without Oracle’s ownership MySQL could become a true competitor to Oracle. The “Project Peter” presentation suggests that Sun thought it could. I am not convinced this was anything other than an internal exercise.

    The only time MySQL executives ever made any statements about competing directly with Oracle, to my knowledge, was during the announcement that MySQL was being acquired by Sun, and senior executives later admitted that was the result of getting carried away. MySQL is fundamentally not designed to to do what Oracle Database is designed to do. If you wanted to create a database to compete directly with Oracle you’d be better off starting afresh than building on top of MySQL.

  • The case against Oracle owning MySQL is also reliant on the idea that “the only proposed remedy through which Oracle could ensure that MySQL continues to be a significant competitive force in the database would be a commitment to divest all MySQL assets to a suitable third party” (again from Mueller’s information kit). However, as Groklaw has pointed out, Monty et al previously suggested to the EU Commission in a questionnaire that the license on MySQL should be changed to the Apache License (Mueller has subsequently denied ever suggesting a license change, prompting this response from Groklaw).
    .
    Additionally, our recent survey of open source users demonstrates that there would be limited market acceptance for the forced divestiture of MySQL to another vendor. Just 4.3% of all respondents and 3.9% of MySQL users thought that Oracle should be forced to sell it to another vendor. This is not about user interests, it is about the interests of Monty Program AB.
  • Last, but by no means least, the case against Oracle owning MySQL is flawed in its reliance on FUD and ad hominem attacks. As Groklaw points out, the case was laid out by alleging that the GPL has the potential to infect proprietary software.
    .
    Things went from bad to worse with the response to Eben Moglen’s view on the case. Mueller wrote that “Compared to Richard Stallman [Moglen is} very unimportant in a GPL context”. Not only that but that when Mueller met Moglen in 2004 Moglen “was primarily interested in obtaining funding (at the time from MySQL, on whose behalf I met with him) for some initiatives of his (at the time “patent busting”, a pretty pointless approach that never got anywhere but some lawyers made some money with it)”.

    Mueller recently wrote (in another email to analysts/journalists) that “lobbying is typically what companies do when they can’t win on the substance of a case”. I hate to think what position you have to be in to decide that bad-mouthing one of the most respected lawyers in free and open source software is going to get you somewhere.

    It would be bad enough if it were only Mueller. Recent Henrik Ingo of the Open Database Alliance stated that Mogen “is working for Oracle here” and “is arguing Oracle’s case best he can”.

    This is at best misleading and at worst (taken in consideration alongside Florian Mueller’s statement about Moglen) a slur on Moglen’s integrity. Moglen’s opinion paper clearly states that it was submitted “at the invitation of Oracle’s counsel, but I am not receiving any compensation, fee or reward for so doing.”

  • UPDATE: Finally, we have Monty Widenius’s plea to his fellow MySQL users/developers in which he criticizes Oracle for involving customers in a competition hearing (and there I was thinking it was all about customers) and takes Oracle to task for not promising a number of things. Many of these he has a point about, but then when did MySQL AB or Sun make promises about the following?
    .
    – To keep (all of) MySQL under an open source license
    – Not to add closed source parts, modules or required tools.
    – To not raise MySQL license or MySQL support prices
    – To release new MySQL versions in a regular and timely manner.
    – To continue with dual licensing and always provide affordable commercial licenses to MySQL to those who needs them (to storage vendors and application vendors) or provide MySQL under a more permissive license
    – To develop MySQL as an Open Source project
    – To actively work with the community
    – Apply submitted patches in a timely manner
  • AND ANOTHER THING: The case also relies on the theory that MySQL acts as a price constraint on Oracle Database. However, as Stephen O’Grady points out: “Remember June of 2008? Oracle hiked its prices by 15-20% with no detectible impact to its volume. If MySQL was a real, substantial alternative, wouldn’t we have seen wholesale migrations away from Oracle to MySQL? That we didn’t, and continue not to, tells me they’re two different markets.” Good point well made.

451 Group survey highlights user concerns over Oracle’s proposed ownership of MySQL

Everyone seems to have an opinion about whether Oracle should be allowed to acquire the MySQL database along with Sun Microsystems including former MySQL/Sun executives, developers, rivals, partners, analysts, journalists, the Department of Justice and even US Senators. What do open source software users think?

We asked the members of the “CAOS user community”* to tell what they thought of the proposed deal, as well as share some details on current database usage. The results have been published in the form of a 451 Group report (subscribers only) but here’s some of the headline figures:

  • The use of MySQL is expected to decline from 82.1% of the 347 respondents today as 78.7% expect to be using it in 2011, declining to 72.3% 2014.
  • The proposed acquisition of MySQL by Oracle has a part to play in that decline. 15% of all open source users and 14.4% of current MySQL users responded that they would be less likely to use MySQL if it is acquired by Oracle.
  • MariaDB usage is expected to rise from zero usage today to 3.5% of all users in 2011 and 3.7% in 2014
  • The majority – 57.9% of all users and 63.9% of MySQL users – indicated that they would continue to use MySQL where appropriate, however.
  • The negative attitude towards Oracle is specific to concerns over its future plans for MySQL, however. Oracle Database usage is expected to rise from 19.3% today to 19.6% in 2011 and 21.6% in 2014.
  • PostgreSQL usage is also expected to grow, from 27.1% of all users today to 30.5% in 2011, remaining at the same level in 2014.
  • 6.3% of all open source users and 5.6% of MySQL users are more likely to use MySQL if it is acquired by Oracle.
  • 17.6% of all respondents and 16.8% of MySQL users stated that they thought that Oracle should be allowed to keep MySQL.
  • 32.6% of all respondents and 34.0% of MySQL users stated that Oracle should hand the database to an independent foundation to continue its development.
  • Just 4.3% of all respondents and 3.9% of MySQL users thought that Oracle should be forced to sell it to another vendor, which is the preferred option of the most vocal opponents to Oracle’s impending ownership of MySQL
  • In comparison 13.8% of all respondents and 12.3% of MySQL users said they did not care either what happened to MySQL.

Further survey results, analysis and details on the respondents are available in the 451 Group’s report.

*The survey was completed by 347 open source software users who are among the 1,000-plus members of the “CAOS open source user community”. It includes open source software users from every geography, industry and business size. Just below 16% of the CAOS open source user community claim to be nonpaying open source users, as opposed to customers of open source support services and related products. Users do not have to be 451 Group customers to be part of the community.

Oracle *could* kill off MySQL as a commercial product, but probably won’t

Before I even start this post I am going to repeat our view that Oracle is well aware that it has little to gain from killing off MySQL and that we expect MySQL to become the scale-out database for non-transactional web applications and to compete with SQL Server in departmental deployments.

That said there has been some interesting discussion on Twitter this week in response to the European Commission’s investigation of Oracle-Sun about whether Oracle could – in theory – kill off MySQL. Here’s a Q+A explaining my view as to how Oracle could kill MySQL but probably won’t, and why MySQL AB’s choice of dual licensing and the GPL has come back to haunt Monty Widenius.

Q. Oracle can’t kill MySQL even if it wants to, because its open source. Right
?

A. Not really. The existing code will always be under the GPL but Oracle is under no obligation to release future developments under the GPL. It could theoretically continue to develop MySQL as a proprietary product, leaving the GPL version behind. Other developers and vendors could take the GPL code and continue its development, but they would be limited in their commercial exploitation of it.

Q. How so?

A. As Monty Program AB Chief Community and Communications Officer Kurt von Finck explained to Ars Technica, “MySQL’s licensing model gives the copyright holder a higher level of control than the rest of the community and the exclusive ability to provide certain kinds of products and services that third-party vendors cannot.” As the sole owner of the MySQL copyright Oracle would have the ability to decide who could license the code commercially for integration with non-GPL code, for example.

Q. Who does that impact?

A. As previously discussed, Oracle would theoretically have the ability to impact products that enable MySQL to better compete with Oracle’s database products, such as ScaleDB, Tokutek, Infobright and Kickfire.

Q. But that is a commercial contract issue isn’t it? What does it have to do with open source?

A. True, this is not really an open source issue but a copyright issue. However, the combination of GPL and copyright ownership also impacts the ability to fork – one of the apparent benefits of open source. Monty Program is free to build a business around MySQL but its commercial opportunities are limited. As Von Finck told Are Technica: “Anything we do will have to be GPLed. Oracle does not have this constraint.”

Q. That’s a bit tough on Monty Program isn’t it?

A. Not really, since its founder also created MySQL and was a member of MySQL AB, the company that decided to use the GPL and dual licensing to enjoy the benefits of the open source distribution model while restricting the ability of would-be forkers to compete. Oracle would simply being enjoying the same benefits of copyright ownership as MySQL AB.

Q. So it’s impossible to create a fork of MySQL then?

A. No, but it is impossible to create a fork that can be integrated with non-GPL code (or at least it appears to be – ScaleDB’s Mike Hogan has argued that it can be done via an open source intermediary layer, Monty Widenius believes vendors would need a commercial MySQL license). A company would be able to fork MySQL without the commercial opportunities however – Monty Program already has.

Q. So commercial licensing isn’t necessary to create a business around MySQL?

A. Not necessarily no. Non-GPL licensing drove the bulk of MySQL AB’s early revenue but, according to the company’s former CEO, Marten Mickos, in later years more money came from support subscriptions. A company like Red Hat, for example, could therefore take the code and create a pure open source subscription business – but it would have to invest in hiring the best MySQL developers and support engineers to differentiate it from the other MySQL support providers, and it wouldn’t be able to use the MySQL brand.

Q. Why?

A. Because Oracle owns the MySQL trademark. Hence Monty Program’s version of MySQL is MariaDB. This is also an impediment to the ability to fork, although not as significant as copyright in my opinion. MariaDB already has a significant profile.

Q. What about Drizzle, that’s under the BSD license isn’t it? And copyright for contributions are owned by the contributors.

A. That is true of community contributions, according to the FAQ. But according to the discussion in this thread, the copyright for the majority of the code is owned by Sun and only Sun can sell non-GPL licenses for it. When Oracle acquires Sun, it will assume that ownership. Arguably, if the Drizzle developers wanted to prevent Sun/Oracle from selling non-GPL licenses, they should have used the GPL for community contributions along with distributed copyright ownership.

Q. How so?

Because then Sun/Oracle would have to get the permission of the copyright owners to offer it under a non-GPL license. It has no such requirements for BSD code.

Q. How has this happened? I thought the right to fork was a key benefit of open source.

A. It is, unless the license is GPL and the copyright for the code is wholly owned by a single vendor or individual, in which case the vendor or individual has rights that are not available to would-be forkers.

Q. So is this situation unique to MySQL?

A. So far. At least in terms of the fact that the project is about to be acquired by a rival, and the creator of the original project is trying to create his own fork – and would apparently like to have the same commercial opportunities as the copyright owner. But this could theoretically happen to any project licensed under the GPL where the copyright for the code is wholly owned by a single vendor.

Q. So could Oracle kill off MySQL or not?

A. The community project, no. The commercial product, yes – if it wanted to.

Q. And does it want to?

A. As stated above, our view is that Oracle is well aware that it has little to gain from killing off MySQL and that we expect MySQL to become the scale-out database for non-transactional web applications and to compete with SQL Server in departmental deployments.

Q. But?

A. If Oracle is planning to invest in the long-term future of MySQL it could put an end to this speculation by at least hinting at what it plans to do with it, as it has with its advert regarding Sun’s hardware and operating system.

Q. Assuming Oracle did want to kill MySQL as a commercial product – can an open source community project survive a hostile acquisition?

A. We considered this question in a recent 451 Group report (clients only). One of the problems with testing this theory is that there have been very few, if any, hostile mergers or acquisitions of open source software vendors to learn from. There are some clues from looking at the history of commercial open source vendors that have ceased trading, leaving the open source projects to live on via SourceForge.

Q. And?

A. When Mindquarry, shut down the firm’s founders were all hired by Day Software, and stated that as long as there was an active community, they intended to continue their commitment to the software. SourceForge statistics for the project indicate that it has been inactive since the day it was registered. Similarly, the Ringside Social Application Server software may have outlived its corporate sponsor, which closed its doors in October 2008, but it has not been updated since July 2008, according to SourceForge statistics. On the other hand, openQRM continues to be an active project with more than 35 developers led by maintainer Matt Rechenburg, despite the closure of Qlusters in July 2008.

Q. What differentiates openQRM from Mindquarry and Ringside?

A. A committed project leader and an active community of developers. We would expect MySQL (or MariaDB) to enjoy both, and at a scale that dwarfs that of openQRM.

Q. This is all very theoretical.

A. Yes it is, but it highlights the importance of thinking through the long-term implications of licensing and copyright assignment. If you don’t want to end up in the situation faced by Monty Program, don’t go GPL with full copyright assignment.

The EC is mostly, but not entirely, wrong about Oracle/MySQL

By now you are probably aware that the European Commission has decided to launch an extended investigation into Oracle’s acquisition of Sun based on concerns over MySQL.

The new has prompted a lot of criticism of the EC, much of it suggesting that the delay will do considerable harm to Sun (and therefore Oracle). This argument is valid – Sun’s already declining revenue has been in freefall since the deal was announced and one wonders how far it will fall in another 90 days of stasis.

Other criticism, (such as this from Matt Asay) focuses on the suggestion that the delay will do little to help MySQL or its users, and that the EC fails to understand open source.

This also has some validity. The EC talks about “Oracle’s incentive to further develop MySQL as an open source database” but as Matt points out “even Oracle can’t put the open-source genie back in the bottle once it has been released, as MySQL has, under the GNU General Public License.”

This is true. although I would argue, that Oracle’s potential control over MySQL is not about licensing, but copyright. The FT states that Oracle “doesn’t control the IP, since the software is available under the GPL”. That is not entirely true. The existing code will always be under the GPL but as the copyright for that code would be fully-owned by Oracle it is under no obligation to release future developments under the GPL.

I do not expect that to happen, but copyright ownership does not just impact the ability to license code, it also provides control over potential commercial uses of that code. This is where it could be argued that the EC could be right to have anti-competitive concerns over Oracle’s future ownership of MySQL (even if it doesn’t understand why, or hasn’t articulated that it does).

Criticism of the EC has also suggested that it is disproportionately focusing on a products with a tiny market share. There are various suggestions as to quite how small MySQL’s market share is, with the WSJ citing 0.2%, but also 1.5%, AHN 0.04%, the FT “around half a percentage point”.

What all these reports overlook is that MySQL’s influence is much greater than its market share, not only in terms of more widespread unpaid usage, but also in terms of the ecosystem of vendors that are building products based on MySQL to tap into its widespread adoption.

Examples include Kickfire, Infobright and Calpont in data warehousing, ScaleDB in shared-disk clustering, Tokutek in Web-application querying, and Schooner Information Technology and Virident Systems in caching appliances.

All of these products enable mySQL to better compete with Oracle’s database products, and many of these have commercial relationships with Sun that enable them to use MySQL in proprietary products (while Infobright is itself open source, it also has a relationship with Sun).

Calpont also plans to offer an open source data warehouse based on MySQL but has put is plans on hold while it waits to see what Oracle will do with the MySQL database. Calpont’s concern is that Oracle will choose not to promote commercial relationships that use MySQL to compete more directly with Oracle’s Database business.

The MariaDB fork provides a potential alternative for these vendors, but as we previously discussed on this blog there are questions as to whether closed-source MySQL storage engines are compatible with MariaDB.

As noted in that post, ScaleDB’s Mike Hogan has argued that it can be done via an open source intermediary layer (and given that ScaleDB does not have a commercial arrangement with Sun, the company will be hoping that its analysis is correct), but MariaDB and MySQL creator Monty Widenius is not convinced: “This can only be done by buying MySQL licenses from Sun for each copy of MariaDB that is distributed.”

If Monty is correct then Oracle’s impending ownership of MySQL could theoretically have a significant impact on the emerging market for commercial products based on MySQL and their ability to compete with the Oracle Database.

As we noted in a report on the wider implications of Oracle’s impending ownership of MySQL (451 subscribers only) “For the commercial arrangements between these vendors and Oracle to survive, they will have to show that they can provide value to MySQL without impacting Oracle.”

Is that anti-competitive? Perhaps. I would argue that it certainly warrants further investigation.

UPDATE
I’ve just been asked a question on this that has highlighted something else I was thinking about this morning: BusinessWeek reports that “Oracle could spin off or sell the business to satisfy regulators if necessary”.

I do not think that Oracle would be prepared to do that – we previously argued that MySQL represents a more significant business opportunity for Oracle alive than dead – nor do I think it would need to do so if the issue was Oracle’s relationship with the ecosystem of commercial vendors using MySQL to compete with the Oracle Database.

Oracle could get around that without needing to sell MySQL by contributing the code and the copyright to an independent foundation, which would also have the side benefit of increasing developer involvement in the project following the departure of many MySQL developers from Sun. Oracle would of course retain the support and service expertise.

Just a thought.
UPDATE

2ND UPDATE
Monty Program AB, which has been bending the ears of regulators about Oracle-Sun as well as creating MariaDB, suggests to Ars Technica that copyright and dual licensing is a significant concern.

“Monty Program Ab Chief Community and Communications Officer Kurt von Finck… points out that MySQL’s licensing model gives the copyright holder a higher level of control than the rest of the community and the exclusive ability to provide certain kinds of products and services that third-party vendors cannot. This means that Oracle’s acquisition of Sun would still have significant implications for competition in the database market.”

Of course this comment comes from the company set up by the creator of MySQL, Monty Widenius, who no doubt trousered a significant share of $1bn based on MySQL AB’s successful exploitation of the dual licensing model and copyright ownership.

As Kirk Wylie has said: “Look At The Balls On That Guy”!
2ND UPDATE

451 CAOS Links 2009.08.04

OIN offers cash for patents. CentOS crisis averted. Microsoft denies GPL violation. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and Identi.ca
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Open Invention Network offered individual inventors cash for patents, and acquired patents from V_Graph.

# The H Open reported that the management problems at CentOS are now resolved.

# Sam Ramji told Network World in detail why Microsoft believes its Linux IC code did not violate the GPL (from 15m 30s).

# Canonical delivered an on-premise version of its Landscape systems management and monitoring tool.

# XtraDB has been committed to MariaDB as replacement for the InnoDB storage engine.

# Talend updated its Open Profiler and Data Quality software.

# EnterpriseDB is targeting cost-conscious Oracle users with Migration Assessment program.

# The H Open reported that the EC is surveying MySQL users ahead of antitrust review of Sun/Oracle deal.

# Groklaw reported on why SCO Group’s legal claims may, finally, be entering end-game territory.

# Roberto Galoppini explained how open source is an innovation backbone for startups.

# CodePlex’s Sara Ford explained why community = focusing on what we have in common.

# Canonical launched new support services for the Ubuntu desktop.

# Virtual Bridges, IBM and Canonical updated their Open Virtual Client desktop with Virtual Bridges’ VERDE 2.0.

451 CAOS Links 2009.06.19

Red Hat betas Enterprise Virtualization, partners with HP for SOA. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Red Hat announced that its Enterprise Virtualization portfolio of products is now available for beta testing.

# Red Hat collaborated with HP on SOA.

# David Megginson published mixing GPL and non-GPL: a different perspective. A new take on the MySQL/MariaDB storage engine debate.

# UK Government CIO shed some light on “G-Cloud” plans and how the new open source policy provides an opportunity.

# WAZI: Freedom and Choice in Open Source Licensing – comparing the EUPL v1.1 and the GPL v3.

# Jaspersoft and Infobright announced a bundled Jaspersoft & ICE virtual machine, available immediately.

# InternetNews.com: Zimory Adds to Open Source-Powered Cloud Tools.

# TechFlash reported on how a Microsoft veteran learned to love Linux, and why it matters.

# Mike Hogan asked: is hybrid licensing of open source software hypocrisy? Not if you are open about it.

# Liferay released Portal Enterprise Edition 5.2.

# Red Hat reported that AQA, a UK exam board,had implemented an end-to-end open source architecture.

# The Register reported on increased interest for Microsoft open-source license.

# OpenSAF updated its Carrier Grade Linux middleware.

# Telco 2.0: BT tries to fix Global Sevices with open source. “One hopes no-one will have to be crucified.” Well, quite.

# Roberto Galoppini reported on the establishment of an advisory board for the Enterprise Open Source Directory.

# ParaScale and Alfresco partnered to deliver Content-as-a-Service in the cloud.

# Amazon released the Kindle source code. Sort of. But not really. TechCrunch explained why.

451 CAOS Links 2009.05.27

OpenX and Siruna raise funding. Red Hat sues Switzerland. Open source business models. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory

Two sightings of the lesser-spotted open source funding deal

VC funding deals for open source vendors have been predictably rare so far in 2009, but this week saw two deals confirmed, as OpenX raised $10m from DAG Ventures, Accel, Index Ventures, Mangrove Capital, and First Round Capital, and QAT-ARKiv invested 4m euros in open source mobile software provider Siruna.

Hogan knows best

I have never seen “Hogan Knows Best” but it seems to be on one of the freeview channels over here 24/7. Anyway, ScaleDB CEO Mike Hogan started a new blog, opening up with a triple-whammy of posts on open source development, licensing, and business models, the last of which includes a handy table for calculating the value of various business strategies related to a variety of business criteria such as margin, scalability, CapEx and OpEX.

The best of the rest

# eWeek Europe: Red Hat Sues Switzerland Over Microsoft Monopoly.

# Dave Rosenberg blogged about the importance of balancing open source community and commerce – why Hadoop and Cloudera are ones to watch.

# The VAR Guy reported that IT distributor Tech Data is planning an open source channel partner initiative.

# OSOR reported the view of Italy’s National Institute of Statistics, Istat, that moving to open source leads to increased cooperation between public administrations.

# Infobright released Infobright Enterprise Edition data warehouse for Windows.

# Compiere delivered Compiere Manufacturing on-premise or on cloud.

# Ingres launched Development Stack for JBoss, including the Ingres Database, JBoss Developer Studio and JBoss Enterprise Application Platform.

# Bruno Von Rotz illustrated how enterprises have to work harder to evaluate open source software.

# Open Mobile Consortium launched With open source mobile tools for health and humanitarian Work.

# Matt Asay pointed out that open source doesn’t have a lock on openness, could learn a few things from open-but-proprietary platforms.

# InformationWeek reported on NASA’s open source ‘Nebula‘ Compute Cloud (we previously mentioned Nebula, here).

# New York Times: With Virtual Iron, Oracle Bought a Big Loss.

# Kickfire’s CEO Bruce Armstrong talked data warehousing (from 30mins), Sun-Oracle (from approx 46mins) and MariaDB (from approx 54mins) in a podcast with Ken Hess and Jason Perlow.

# Percona’s CEO Peter Zaitsev blogged about the (in)compatibility of open development and big splash marketing.