CAOS Theory Podcast 2012.01.20

Topics for this podcast:

*Hadoop v1.0 and year ahead
*Oracle-Cloudera deal for more Hadoop
*Oracle’s ‘Sun spot’ with Solaris
*Open Source M&A outlook for 2012
*Our new MySQL/NoSQL/NewSQL survey

iTunes or direct download (28:49, 4.9MB)

Why Oracle’s donation of OpenOffice disappoints

While Oracle deserves some praise for its donation of code to the Apache Foundation, it is disappointing again to see a legitimate open source market contender that has been marginalized by miscommunication and mismanagement of the project by a large vendor., warts and all, was probably the most significant competition for Microsoft Office for years and in many ways demonstrated the advantages of open source, helping usher in wider use of it, as well as greater usability. OO.o was in fact my reason for originally investigating and moving to open source software more than a decade ago. Regardless of past mismanagement of community and technology, that competitive factor has been diminished greatly since Oracle took ownership of OO.o. Now, after prompting a fork — as has been the case with a number of open source projects that fell to Oracle with its Sun acquisition (OpenSolaris-Indiana, OO.o-LibreOffice, Hudson-Jenkins), Oracle is again turning to a broader open source foundation to ‘free’ the project. It shouldn’t be surprising given our research into the balance of control and community, where we see a preference among both users and vendors for the ‘foundational’ approach that is typically less encumbered by real and perceived issues of control.

But by not making this move sooner, Oracle has again demonstrated that it does not appreciate or accept the broader community benefits of open source software. It ties open source investment and development directly to monetary value, meaning it is focused mainly on Linux and MySQL. Oracle should be commended for its honesty here, given its indication that it will contribute and support open source when it bolsters Oracle’s bottom line. However, the company is failing to tie its own success in open source with the success of the larger communities, which begs the question, is Oracle limiting the commercial opportunity for the open source projects on which it is focused by diminishing the community opportunity for projects it is leaving alone?

I might have more enthusiasm for OO.o as an Apache project, but I am somewhat skeptical for OO.o because of the current inclusion and use of LibreOffice in popular Linux distributions. This is how I came to use LibreOffice, and I’ve found it quite sufficient for my document, PDF, spreadsheet and other office suite needs. I would be glad to see a reunification of OO.o and LibreOffice and despite complex issues such as licensing, it is encouraging to see the leaders of LibreOffice and the Apache Foundation coming together toward a positive outcome.

Back to Oracle, the company again deserves credit for its positive and meaningful contributions to open source software, particularly MySQL and Linux, which would not have nearly the enterprise credibility it does without longtime, first-class treatment and support from Oracle. However, Oracle continues to demonstrate that despite how far open source has come in the enterprise, there are still large and powerful forces in the industry that do not fully understand open source software’s potential.

Implications, questions on SUSE Linux, but not the end

There is no shortage of implications and questions from the Novell sale to Attachmate, which includes a side-deal for unknown IP assets from Novell purchased by Microsoft-backed participants. Bottom line, it appears as though Attachmate has acquired the SUSE Linux technology and business, based on the fact it announced plans to split SUSE from Novell, which we believe is wise. Still, the deal has significant impacts for the Linux OS, the enterprise Linux market, cloud computing, community Linux, competing vendors and operating systems, partners and more. Below are some thoughts on the impact and some of the questions that remain unanswered.

Novell has always been a major contributor to Linux development. It appears Attachmate sees value in the SUSE Linux business, as it is wisely separating it from Novell’s other technology, which may have been a bit of a drag on the thriving development and use of SUSE Linux, SUSE Studio and OpenSUSE, particularly in virtual appliance and cloud computing scenarios. It was good to see some acknowledgement of the importance of the OpenSUSE community from Attachmate. Though it was not very thorough or detailed, and plans for SUSE Linux, OpenSUSE, the business and customers around it are still very unclear, it’s more than we saw from Oracle on OpenSolaris, which illustrated Oracle’s challenges with open source communities. Nevertheless, the fact that Novell has been such a significant contributor to not only Linux kernel, hypervisor and other software development, but also to market penetration for Linux means that Attachmate, or whoever ends up owning SUSE, has big shoes to fill.

The separation of the SUSE Linux technology and business also leads us to wonder whether it is poised for another sale, perhaps to another third-party that was interested in only the SUSE piece. Amid speculation that Microsoft may have helped make the deal happen to thwart a rumored SUSE buyout by VMware, we believe there is still a possiblity VMware, or other player, could acquire SUSE Linux. However, this appears increasingly unlikely given signals from Attachmate it will keep and run the SUSE Linux business, perhaps more effectively or aggressively in the virtual appliance and cloud computing environments where there is perhaps most opportunity for Linux. We will also be watching vendors such as HP and IBM, which are significant supporters of both SLES and RHEL, to see if the recent deal for Novell has any impact on their Linux positions.

Of course, uncertainty about the development or direction of SUSE Linux may steer some enterprise customers toward competing operating systems, such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Windows, HP-UX from Hewlett-Packard, AIX from IBM, Solaris from Oracle or community Linux distributions such as CentOS, Fedora and Ubuntu (which also comes with commercial support fro Canonical in some cases). However, the Novell deal probably does not come as a surprise to SUSE Linux users, and many of these customers — in financial services, HPC, insurance and other enterprise verticals — are among the most advanced Linux users and are capabile of continuing with SUSE Linux on their own, with Attachmate or both. We see Red Hat as among the big winners in the deal, since it emerges as the only enterprise Linux provider of its kind, but mostly because SUSE Linux does not belong to VMware, which is aggressively competing with Red Hat on several levels, including support of OS, hypervisor and middleware technologies. Microsoft also stands to benefit from SUSE Linux under Attachmate rather than VMware, given Microsoft’s interest in and support for SUSE Linux through a longstanding partnership with Novell. The big question in regards to Microsoft concerns the IP acquired by CPTN, which is backed by Microsoft, for $450m.

While there are numerous customers, vendors, communities and people impacted by the deal, one of the often-overlooked factors is the hypervisor. Novell and use of SLES are a significant part of the Xen hypervisor community. This may be another win for Red Hat, which favors the Linux-integrated KVM hypervisor, particularly if this move for SLES means it also moves more toward KVM and away from Xen.

In conclusion, it was about this time of year in 2006 that Novell and Microsoft announced their landmark partnersip, which over the years has produced greater Windows-Linux interoperability and co-management and large enterprise customers for both. At the time, there were cries that this was the end of SUSE Linux. This was also about the time that Oracle rolled out its own Unbreakable Linux, which was heralded as the end for Red Hat Enterprise Linux. I believe, as these previous lessons and the history of open source software show us, we’ll continue to see significant use and development of SUSE Linux and OpenSUSE, regardless of who is backing them, and that SUSE Linux will continue to be a prominent part of the enterprise IT and enterprise Linux landscape.

NOTE: 451 Group subscribers can read more of our analysis and take on the deal in our report.

Java mutiny in the making

The Apache Software Foundation’s latest statement on the Java Community Process highlights continued dissatisfaction and dissent from Oracle’s stewardship and involvement in open source software.

This comes after some ups and downs for Oracle and its oversight of Java and other open source software that was previously under the auspices of Sun Microsystems. Oracle started off on a rough path when it sued Google over its implementation of Java in Android without preemptively or clearly stating that it was not attacking open source. At about the same time, it let OpenSolaris die a slow, somewhat confusing death. Oracle won a point when IBM came out with its support in favor of the JCP and OpenJDK over Apache Harmony, and this contributes to the adversarial positioning between Oracle and the Apache Software Foundation. However, Oracle has also seen an erosion of open source support and confidence as developers have migrated away from Oracle, many to contribute to the new Libre Office project.

Oracle’s moves illustrate the company’s lack of complete understanding of open source and the value of open source software communities. While it appreciates and leverages open source as an effective, efficient software development approach, it does not truly see the value of providing software to a community and attaining benefits of efficiency, reach and innovation as a result. This is not to say that supporting an open source software community will automatically translate into commercial and community success (not the case with Symbian, for example), but Oracle does not appear to support community as a priority in its proprietary and admittedly successful software strategy.

MySQL can be an example of Oracle doing things right with open source, though we may see similar dissatisfaction and defection as Oracle moves further toward commercialization and further away from free, community software. Still, Oracle at least showed it could continue and contribute and support a successful open source project in the case of MySQL. The same may not be said for OpenSolaris, or, increasingly it appears, Java.

Linux Foundation highlights growth, but what versions?

The Linux Foundation has released some survey findings as it hosts its End User Summit. We agree with many of the findings, and discuss our take below. But we also wonder more about which version of Linux these large enterprises are using for their own infrastructure, for cloud computing and for the technologies and services they build on top of Linux. More on that below, too, but first, some thoughts on the survey results.

One of the more interesting findings from the survey pertains to migrations to Linux from Windows. More than 36% of respondents said their Linux deployments in the last two years had been from Windows. More than 31% were moving to Linux from Unix, 13.5% reported no new Linux deployments and most, 66%, said Linux deployments of the last two years have been centered on new applications and services (greenfield deployments).

In terms of Windows migration, we agree there are significant drivers for Linux over Windows in cloud computing, where more than 70% of Linux Foundation respondents cited Linux as their primary cloud platform. We agree that Linux appears to be the preferred route to cloud computing offerings, both public and private (as covered in our special report, Seeding the Clouds). However, we must also acknowledge that the continued, wider availability of Microsoft’s Azure is having and will continue to have an impact on the market and may help Microsoft mitigate the cloud connection to Linux, according to cloud users and mixed-environment shops with which we’ve spoken. Another point to remember here is that Microsoft, which has changed significantly in its approach and strategy with Linux and open source, will likely support other hypervisors and perhaps Linux with Azure as well.

The Linux Foundation survey also highlights continued gains for Linux at the expense of Unix, with 19.8% of respondents indicating a decrease in their use of the OS (compared with 18% decreasing use of Windows and only 1.8% decreasing use of Linux). Those planning on increased use were 76% for Linux, 41% for Windows and 19.5% for Unix. We also wonder whether Oracle’s end of support for OpenSolaris will perpetuate Unix-Linux migration?

We also saw consistency from our own research in the Linux Foundation survey’s coverage of the drivers for and benefits of Linux. We asked more broadly about the factors driving open source software, not just Linux, but the results from both our survey at the end of last year and the recent Linux Foundation survey do match up. While cost savings was cited by our own survey respondents as the top reason for adoption, flexibility was cited as the top advantage after adoption. Similarly, the Linux Foundation survey showed that 67.5% of respondents cited ‘features/technical superiority’ as the top driver for Linux adoption. Next, with 65.4% of LF respondents, was ‘lower total cost of ownership.’ A recurring theme we are hearing in terms of Linux and open source cost savings centers on licensing. Not only do users and customers report cost savings from royalty-free open source software, but they also cite license maintenance as a key source of cost savings. Basically, because software is open source, organizations do not have to worry about convoluted IT audits and keeping track of licensing across physical, virtual, cloud and other resources. Though there still may be some trepidation around open source licensing, it seems that Linux and open source software represent both cost-savings and simplicity in terms of licensing for many users, particularly in cloud computing.

While Linux Foundation does not delve into the version of Linux, we recently asked open source consumers about their Linux choices. We have covered unpaid, community Linux in the enterprise since 2008 and more recently community Linux in the clouds, but we were amazed to hear the response when we asked 286 open source users about their Linux choices. More than 70% (206) of respondents cited ‘unpaid community Linux, such as CentOS or Debian’ as the distribution they use. 12.6% reported use of ‘paid, subscription Linux, such as RHEL or SLES.’ With respondents able to check multiple categories, another 26% said they used a combination of paid and unpaid community Linux and another 5% cited other options. Our survey pool of more than 1,700 open source consumers is made up of about 65% with 50 or fewer employees, 10% with 50 to 100 employees, 7% with 100 to 249 employees, another 9% with 250 to 2,500, and 6% with more than 2,500 employees, but we were interested by the fact that only 16% of our survey pool claimed to be non-paying open source users. We also acknowledge the Linux Foundation survey was aimed at large enterprises and government organizations with $500m or more in annual revenue and 500 or more employees.

Still, we continue to watch community Linux, particularly in cloud computing uses, and have no doubt it is having an impact on the paid, enterprise Linux market, mainly in terms of pricing, support and flexibility.

Linux thunderstorm in the clouds

There’s a thunderous battle brewing in the enterprise IT market and it’s all about Linux. The battle brings new names to the fight as well, from the largest of cloud providers Oracle, Amazon and VMWare to smaller upstarts tuning Linux specifically for cloud computing and its users, such as the hoster and service provider-oriented CloudLinux.

As for Oracle and its introduction of Oracle Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel, this has been causing a stir in enterprise Linux circles. However, I have to agree with Red Hat CEO Jim Whitehurst that this latest Oracle move is quite reminiscent of when Oracle Unbreakable Linux, later known as Oracle Enterprise Linux, hit the market in 2006-2007. It was supposed to wipe out Red Hat, but it didn’t. I expect with plenty of Oracle shops in which to grow, Oracle’s Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel will manage to move ahead without much disruption to Red Hat’s growth, which based on its latest earnings call is healthy.

Oracle’s Solaris, on the other hand, continues to face an ongoing challenge of defection to Linux, whether Red Hat, Ubuntu, CentOS, SUSE or other OS including BSD. As we’ve covered on the CAOS blog, Oracle’s decision to kill off OpenSolaris may impact customers wary of the company’s growing presence throughout the software stack and now in hardware, too, leading many to finally make a decision on moving ahead with Solaris or moving to Linux. There’s also another option on the table now that we’ve seen the launch of OpenIndiana, a fork of OpenSolaris supported by the Illumos Foundation.

There’s another computing giant making noise around Linux: Amazon, which, similar to Oracle, is seeking to supplant use of and payment for Red Hat’s or other Linux distributions by making available its own Linux Amazon Machine Image (AMI) optimized for Amazon Web Services. There’s no question the presence and continued, increasing involvement from cloud players such as Amazon will impact what other vendors are offering and what customers are consuming in the cloud. This, and the announcement of OpenStack from Rackspace, are just the kinds of thing we can expect to see more of, as covered in our latest CAOS special report ‘Seeding the Clouds.’

It’s not just the largest of vendors that are getting in on the cloud computing action and traction for Linux. Another example is CloudLinux, a smaller vendor that aims its Linux, based on CentOS with added control panel and other features, squarely at service providers interested in cloud computing. Furthering its own efforts, CloudLinux recently announced continuing growth and an interesting deal with Ksplice to provide hosting service providers CloudLinux kernel updates without rebooting servers.

CloudLinux, as well as Canonical and its Ubuntu Linux, highlight the head start Red Hat, and to some extent its enterprise Linux counterpart Novell, have given other companies ready and willing to serve up Linux in the cloud. These vendors, many of which base their own offerings on CentOS, also highlight the ongoing presence of community Linux in cloud computing, a topic we’ve covered as well.

Just when it seemed things couldn’t get any crazier or more competitive, we haven’t even touched on the rumored, potential acquisition of Novell’s SUSE Linux by virtualization giant and cloud contender VMware, which has significant implications for the market. Sure VMware has been talking for years about how its software obfuscates the need for an OS, but hey, wasn’t it only a year ago when Oracle acted as if cloud computing didn’t exist? Turns out the clouds are for real, and it turns out Linux is more relevant than it ever has been. The real interesting thing is that in many ways, the competition is just getting started.

Finally a decision on Solaris

We must say this about Oracle and its moves (or lack thereof) with OpenSolaris, it finally ended all of the second-guessing, wondering and handwringing of Solaris-or-Linux, OpenSolaris-or-not, Unix-or-Linux that characterized the OS story at Sun Microsystems when it rolled out the open source version of Solaris in 2005.

Now that Oracle has largely ended support for OpenSolaris, many Solaris users and customers that continued to be on the fence about the OS will finally be making their decision to either stay with Solaris or move over to Linux. Unix migration to Linux has always been a mainstay for enterprise Linux adoption, and while the low-hanging fruit is becoming more sparse, there is still plenty of Unix migration to Linux to come. We have seen cases in Linux communities where the most significant Unix in their world is OpenSolaris, and while we hear similar things regarding Solaris and its continued market presence, there is no question OpenSolaris — a fully open source OS with available binaries — was a much better fit for the growing ranks of Linux-savvy developers and administrators.

Given we have our questions about Oracle’s understanding and appreciation of open source software, particularly less tangible community aspects, we wonder whether the company may be underestimating the value OpenSolaris had been bringing Solaris, which it fully intends to support. In fact, Solaris is in many ways Oracle’s most direct and familiar route to the accompanying hardware business at Sun. Yet Oracle does not seem to think that a healthy, updated OpenSolaris, which was made available in binary form by Sun as we covered in 2008, provides anything for the licensed Solaris OS. However, consider why Sun went ahead with an open source version of Solaris: the open source version’s reason for being was the fact that Solaris was losing users, and perhaps more important losing develpoers, to that open source OS, Linux. Take away the open source version, and all of those things that are attractive about OpenSolaris — flexibility, freedom from licensing and vendor lock-in — become exclusive to Linux. We expect Solaris use and market share to hold steady, but we also think the end of Oracle’s support for OpenSolaris may represent a turning point for many Solaris customers that have been contemplating a move to Linux. Since it is open source, there is also another non-Solaris option emerging in a fork of OpenSolaris from Illumos Foundation called OpenIndiana.

Again, there will continue to be those that choose or are more tied to Solaris, whether by applications, by hardware or by choice, but without OpenSolaris standing between these customers and the ongoing preference for Linux, particularly in cloud computing as we cover in our special report, Seeding the Clouds, Oracle may be walking away from some customers as it walks away from OpenSolaris.

451 CAOS Links 2010.09.03

SLES for VMware. Red Hat for Makara? Controversy for OpenStack. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# VMware and Novell announced the general availability of SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for VMware.

# The Register reported that Red Hat is in talks to buy JBoss cloud provisioning startup Makara.

# Andrew Clay Shafer clarified the apparent controversy regarding OpenStack, RackSpace, and Amazon’s APIs.

# Stephen Walli said there is no need to overhaul the Open Source Definition.

# Sironta Software launched with “open source alternative to Microsoft SharePoint” at Conference.

# Google outlined the future of Google Wave source code and protocol.

# Stephen Walli noted that with open source no one is working for free.

# Continuent announced the general availability of Continuent Tungsten version 1.3.

# Open-Xchange released a free migration tool for Microsoft Outlook users.

# OStatic explored Apple’s relationship with open source.

# Rhomobile updated its RhoSync open source sync server for enterprise data to version 2.0.

# Sendmail claimed 27%+ revenue growth in first half of 2010.

# JumpBox partnered with OnApp to make it easier for hosting providers to adopt open source web apps.

# The H declared that the hype around commercial open source software is over.

# ActiveState added packages to its ActivePython Business, Enterprise, and OEM Editions.

# Patrick Finch discussed the end of OpenSolaris (and Liverpool’s chances in Europe)?

Taking turns as open source bad guys

Software giant Adobe is among those shaking heads at Oracle and its strategy, or at least lack of tact, with the open source software, including its acquisition of Sun Microsystems, killing off OpenSolaris and Java lawsuit against Google over Android.

It wasn’t that long ago that Adobe was thought of similar to how it’s portraying Oracle: as an opponent of open source. I would agree that Oracle is putting itself in the position of a top open source enemy (an unenviable title for which Apple, Microsoft and others, even Adobe, have found themselves, as well). By launching the Java suit and ending support for OpenSolaris without any counterbalance of message to illustrate that it is indeed not attacking open source software in general and actually has a good appreciation of its development and market power and benefits of participation, Oracle has put itself in an adversarial position. Sure organizations such as Adobe and Microsoft, formerly viewed as foes of open source, stand to benefit from having somebody else be the bad guy, but it is interesting to look at these cases and how the villains are typically tasked with improving their image.

By looking at Adobe and its open source story, we get a better sense of Oracle’s and others’ opportunities to change these perceptions and successfully earn goodwill among open source software communities. There have been times when Adobe was on the top open source enemy list, and it continues to be questioned and accused of ‘co-opting’ the open source brand.

However, as covered in our recent Spotlight report on Adobe (for subscribers or trialists), the company has come to realize the significance of open source and the utility of leveraging it to build and grow its own software, communities and ecosystems (something Adobe is pretty good at). One good example is its recent acquisition of WCM vendor Day Software.

We understand that while it was certainly among other factors, including paid subscription revenue from Day’s non-open source software, the open source and community involvement and activity by Day, also covered in a 451 Group report, helped to drive the deal. In particular, Day’s work with the Apache Software Foundation and what one Adobe official called ‘the technical brand recognition’ that came with Day’s work on open standards and open source software, such as the OSGi Java framework, Apache Felix (an open source implementation of the OSGi framework) and Apache Sling (an open source web framework for Java). It will be interesting to see what happens now, but indications are these Apache projects may serve as the basis for expanded open source efforts under Adobe. We highly doubt that they will be turned into a licensing vehicle for Adobe, serve as the basis of legal action or get killed off, which is what we are seeing from Oracle with its open source assets, illustrating the idea that Oracle does not fully understand or appreciate open source software.

Adobe, Microsoft and many others we’ve covered and talked to are frequently in the position of moving, transitioning and changing from open source enemy or foe into open source participant and supporter. There is no question these vendors are making these moves for their own benefit and future more than their interest in benefiting or contributing to communities and others. However, Adobe and Microsoft have learned they must contribute to communities and others beyond their own brand and interests for open source to work. Their efforts in open source software also show that it is difficult and often thankless work, takes resources and remains precarious indefinitely, when even when you contribute and participate, there are still some folks calling you the bad guy.

451 CAOS Links 2010.08.24

The future of open source licensing. OpenSolaris governing board quits. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Glyn Moody asked which open source software licensing is best for the future?

# The OpenSolaris Governing Board has collectively and expectedly resigned.

# OpenBravo has updated its rapid implementation ERP offering for small and mid-sized businesses, Openbravo QuickStart.

# Red Hat has launched Extended Life Cycle Support (ELS) for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

# GigaOm published a video interview with Marten Mickos on open source and cloud computing.

# The UK government made its first contributions to Drupal.

# As Matt Asay noted, open core naysayers appear to be promoting proprietary software.

#’s CloudStack open source private and public cloud computing software now supports VMware.

# Gluster introduced VMStor, which simplifies scalable NAS for virtual machine storage.

# Microsoft expressed its love for open source.

# newScale, rPath and Eucalyptus Systems have introduced an integrated platform for enterprise private and hybrid cloud computing.

# Fortune magazine examined how corporate America went open source.

# Martin Michlmayr continued his examination of open source contributor agreements with some examples.

# DotNetNuke introduced DotNetNuke Enterprise Edition, including the new DotNetNuke Content Staging feature.

# Brian Proffitt tackled criticism of Linux Foundation and Open Invention Network, in the light of Oracle vs Google.

# Palamida joined the Linux Foundation.

# OpenStack published an update on its progress.

# Black Duck analysis shows 70% growth from 2008 to 2009 in open source projects specifically associated with cloud computing.

451 CAOS Links 2010.08.17

Google responds to Oracle’s patent claims. So does everyone else. ClosedSolaris. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

Oracle versus Google
# Google called Oracle’s patent suit a baseless, attack on the open-source Java community.

# James Gosling offered some historical context for Oracle’s patent claims against Google.

# Google/Oracle analysis from Stephen O’Grady Carlo Daffara and Andy Updegrove.

# The 451 perspective: Oracle legal move evokes many questions and Google vs Oracle ≠ open vs closed, or good vs evil.

# Matt Asay argued that Oracle vs Google is about free markets, not free software.

# Computerworld reported: Oracle signals an end to OpenSolaris.

# Garrett D’Amore explained why Oracle may be forcing Illumos to “fork” OpenSolaris.

The best of the rest
# Thoughts on corporate contributions to OSS from Matt Asay and Mike Loukides.

# xTuple introduced xTuple Connect, providing EDI and real-time connectivity to its open source ERP software.

# The Open Invention Network and Arizona State University have started a mobile device identity management research program.

# Red Hat published an overview of its cloud architecture.

# Oracle and Novell filed to block SCO’s attempts to sell its assets in bankruptcy court.

# LogLogic announced plans to open source its new transport and store protocol.

451 CAOS Links 2010.08.10

Compliance. Funding. Financial results. Copyright assignment. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# The Linux Foundation launched the Open Compliance Program, including tools, training, and consulting.

# VentureBeat reported that Joyent has raised $7m in a second round of funding.

# Basho Technologies secured $2m from angel investors in a Series C preferred equity financing.

# StatusNet raised $1.4m led by New York-based FirstMark Capital joined by BOLDstart Ventures, iNovia Capital and Montreal Start Up.

Financial results
# Novell lowered its revenue guidance for Q3, citing uncertainty associated with its potential acquisition.

# Actuate reported $4.9m in BIRT-related business for Q2; up 48% over the prior year.

# SugarCRM reported 50% year-over-year growth in billings, and the addition of more than 540 new customers in the second quarter of 2010.

# OpenLogic reported 58% revenue growth in the second quarter, including 97% revenue growth for its OpenLogic Exchange (OLEX) suite.

Contributor agreements and copyright assignment
# The H reports on the challenges involved in copyright assignment.

# Meanwhile Martin Michlmayr explained the purpose of contributor agreements.

Android momentum
# Android sales overtook iPhone in the US according to the Nielsen Company, while figures from iSuppli indicated that Android will pass Apple’s iOS globally by 2012.

Product updates
# VMware announced SpringSource Hyperic 4.4, including enhanced integration with VMware vCenter Server.

# VMware also released the Zimbra Collaboration Suite Appliance, designed to run on the vSphere platform.

# WSO2 launched WSO2 Business Process Server 2.0, WSO2 Data Services Server 2.5, WSO2 Business Activity Monitor 1.1, WSO2 Gadget Server 1.1, and WSO2 Mashup Server 2.1.

# Jolicloud migrated its users to Jolicoud 1.0.

# Revolution Analytics introduced RevoScaleR, which provides a new framework for multi-core processing of large data sets.

# 10gen released version 1.6 of its MongoDB database with automatic sharding for horizontal scalability and high availability through replica sets.

# DSS announced the launch of Second Generation, its open source collaboration environment.

# CollabNet delivered TeamForge 5.4, TeamForge SCM licensing option, and CollabNet Subversion Edge 1.1.

The best of the rest
# An Accenture survey indicated that two-thirds of organizations in the US, UK and Ireland anticipate increased investment in open source in 2010, with more than a third expecting to migrate mission-critical software to open source in the next twelve months.

# Nexenta announced its sponsorship of the Illumos OpenSolaris community.

# Simon Phipps asked “is the open source bubble over?”

# Groklaw published a transcript of Eben Moglen’s LibrePlanet 2010 keynote on the state of free software.

# Tasktop named Neelan Choksi president and COO.

# Carahsoft added Zend’s PHP software to its GSA Schedule for US federal, state, and local government agencies.

# Fred Holahan reports on Sun, IBM and MySQL storage engine chicanery.

# Qualcomm Innovation Center joined the Linux Foundation as a platinum member.

# Royal Pingdom reported on the consistent failure of Linux to grab even 1% of the desktop OS market.

# ForgeRock became a licensee of the Open Invention Network.

# Tasktop teamed with Accept to provide direct access to Accept360 Agile from within the Eclipse IDE.

# Carlo Daffara estimated the development, time to market and staff cost savings from re-using open source code.

# Matt Asay explained the ongoing dilemma that is open source support as a business strategy.

# Phoronix reported that Canonical has begun tracking Ubuntu installations.

# Couchio announced that a CouchDB SDK for Android devices is now available for free download.

# CFO published an article on Talend’s new CFO, Nick White, on importance of understanding open source.

# Microsoft’s open source IronRuby and IronPython projects are reportedly on rocky ground.

# GigaOm reported on open source and the hold up problem in the context of Flash.

451 CAOS Links 2010.07.16

SugarCRM. Funding for EnterpriseDB and Morphlabs. Even more core. And more

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# OStatic asked whether SugarCRM has violated open source principles.

# Larry Augustin clarified SugarCRM’s approach to open source and openness.

# Savio Rodrigues advised anyone considering SugarCRM not to get hung-up on source code availability.

Funding round
# EnterpriseDB has reportedly raised $7.5m of a planned $12m round of funding.

# Morphlabs raised $5.5m series B financing from Frontera Group, CSK Venture Capital and AO Capital Partners.

Even more core
# Jack Repenning called for an exploration of the delicate line between “crippleware” and “added value.”

# Likewise Software argued that customers drive open core.

# Stephen Walli explained how the success or failure of an open core model depends on execution.

Best of the rest
# Simon Phipps explained what led the OpenSolaris Governing Board to issue its ultimatum to Oracle.

# A Jaspersoft survey suggested Oracle’s acquisition of Sun may spark resurgence of Java and faster growth of MySQL.

# The Apache Software Foundation announced its new board members.

# Talend grew its customer base by 50% to over 1,500 customers in the first half of 2010, with 450,000 open source users.

# Part two of TEC’s interview with Consona’s CEO about its acquisition of Compiere.

# Are WordPress themes required to use the GPL? Tris Hussey provided an into to the ongoing debate.

# Joyent acquired software virtual server management tools provider Layerboom Systems.

# Opsview released version 3.8 of Opsview Enterprise, claiming data collection performance improvements over Nagios.

# Linux Journal reported that Mandriva’s press release raises more questions than answers.

# Cloudera is building a connector between Netezza’s TwinFin appliance and Cloudera’s Distribution for Hadoop.

# The end of Micosoft’s agreement with the UK NHS provides an opportunity for open source.

# Vodafone Group announced that it will make its location based services software open source.

# SourceForge launched its new forge development platform. Adobe is the first user.

# Glyn Moody published a Q&A with Richard Stallman on .NET, Mono and DotGNU.

# Couchio announced the release of CouchDB 1.0, the Apache NoSQL document database.

# MindTouchlaunched MindTouch 2010, including curation analytics for content and documentation.

# nPulse Technologies delivered its Dragonfly family of open source-based high-speed network sensors.

# A man walks in to a bar… Yves de Montcheuil is in search of a suitable analogy for open source and the cloud.

Judgment day for open source at Oracle

There are signals of continued problems and dysfunction — namely lack of support, organization and communication — in the OpenSolaris community. This follows on a deterioration of the OS leadership and support since Oracle bought Sun Microsystems, including the elimination of OpenSolaris CDs, one of the things that made the open source version of Solaris more like Linux.

We had speculated on the fate of Sun open source software under Oracle and while we acknowledged Oracle’s participation in, contribution and commitment to and opportunity from open source software, we questioned its appreciation of open source software communities beyond code and customers. It appears the OpenSolaris community and thus the OS itself, which we believe is key to advancing development of the more popular, proprietary cousin Solaris — are not a priority for Oracle.

The same cannot be said for all open source from Sun, and there’s a lot of it, now at Oracle. Amid the struggles of the OpenSolaris community, one of the other open source keystones from Sun, MySQL, seems to be doing well, despite persisting claims Oracle purchased Sun and MySQL simply to keep it from competing with Oracle database products. According to a Jaspersoft survey of customers/developers, there is a lack of awareness or concern of Oracle’s involvement in MySQL (59 percent were not aware Oracle reorganized and established a separate MySQL business unit apart from Oracle’s traditional RDBMS business …). Another 43% of Jaspersoft’s respondents said MySQL development and innovation would improve under Oracle.

The Jaspersoft survey found even more love for Java under Oracle, with 80 percent of respondents indicating they believe the Java process will improve or stay the same under Oracle. The related GlassFish application server also appears to be healthy with both community and commercial versions recently released.

The OpenOffice community appears also to be continuing forward supported and unfettered by Oracle (perhaps because it was typically fettered by Sun?), but it may also me failing to fully seize the opportunity.

It has also been interesting to see how Sun’s cloud computing technology has helped give Oracle new love for the term and the market.

There are a number of key open source projects and pieces from Sun, those listed above as well as many others, that may be on the line right now (or may have already been branded ‘stay’ or ‘stop’). We will be watching to see how Sun’s open source continues to shine or to set at Oracle.

451 CAOS Links 2010.07.13

More core. Open source mapping. Sugar 6. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

More core: the open core debate continues (chronologically)
# Groklaw: Open Core and the OSI
# Giuseppe Maxia: Open to the core – The pragmatic freedom
# Henrik Ingo: If you’re selling to your community… you’ve got it backwards.
# Mark Radcliffe: Open Core Debate: Avoiding the Law of Unintended Consequences
# Savio Rodriques: Afraid of open core lock-in? Should you be?
# Carlo Dafarra: An on-vacation post on Open core
# Henrik Ingo: So if I don’t call myself ‘open source vendor’, then everything is fine? (yes)
# Jay Lyman: Do customers want open core?
# Miriam Tuerk: Open Core is Critical to the Future Success of Open Source
# Stephen Walli: Software Freedom, Open Source Software, and Jane Jacobs.

Open source mapping
# MapQuest announced plans to embrace open-source mapping.

# ESRI released an open source add-on for ArcGIS 10 allowing users to contribute data to OpenStreetMap.

# ESRI is also launching Linux-based ArcGIS Server 10 systems via a partnership with Cutting Edge Networked Storage.

The best of the rest
# SugarCRM announced the launch of Sugar 6, with a focus on ease of use, flexibility and openness.

# Monty Widenius is appealing against the EC’s decision to clear Oracle’s acquisition of Sun.

# The SCO Group appealed. Again.

# An interview with Consona’s CEO about Compiere.

# Jorg Janke discussed how Compiere’s approach to development and licensing impacted its community contributions.

# IBM and the EU partnered on open source projects designed to make government run more smoothly.

# OpenGamma emerged from stealth mode.

# The H reported that the OpenSolaris governing board is threatening dissolution.

# Alfresco Enterprise Edition 3.3 is now certified on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Server Edition.

# Widespread adoption of open source and expanding M&A activity continued to drive growth for Black Duck.

# Calpont updated its InfiniDB Enterprise Edition analytic database to version 1.5.

# An interview with the CIO of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture on attitudes to and adoption of OSS.

# MuleSoft announced the availability of Tcat Server 6 R3, based on Apache Tomcat.

# Cycle Computing’s CycleCloud now supports access to Amazon EC2’s Cluster Compute Instances.

# Alfresco launched the Alfresco Community Committer Program.

# Todd Lipcon discussed Cloudera’s support for HBase.

# A comparison of Apache Cassandra and Apache HBase database projects.

# Nagios Enterprises launched Nagios XI.

# nSyte Software launched nQuire, a SaaS tool for auditing for inadvertent use of open source software.

# Cloud Linux announced SecureLVE, an extension of its Lightweight Virtual Environment for shared hosting servers.

# Worth a read in a “man bites dog” type way: Why Open Source Stalls Innovation and Patents Advance It

CAOS Theory Podcast 2010.04.16

Topics for this podcast:

*The latest in VC funding for open source
*VMware’s SpringSource buys cloud messenger Rabbit
*Open source monitoring vendors’ key cloud partnershps
*Oracle moves ahead, back on MySQL, OpenSolaris

iTunes or direct download (25:38, 7MB)

451 CAOS Links 2010.04.16

Oracle outlines MySQL plans. Datameer launches with Series A funding. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Oracle confirmed InnoDB as the default MySQL storage engine, Hot Backup to become part of MySQL Enterprise and announced MySQL Cluster 7.1.

# Datameer launched Analytics Solution, which combines Hadoop with a spreadsheet interface, and also closed a $2.5m Series A round of funding from Redpoint Ventures.

# Infobright announced that it grew its customers base from 50 to 120 in the last 12 months, profiled five latest customer wins.

# Acquia launched a global training program for Drupal designers and developers.

# Acquia began building a free Drupal distro named “Drupal Commons”, to go after Jive Software.

# SugarCRM is moving to the AGPLv3 for Sugar 6.

# Collabora has become a member of the Linux Foundation and will participate in the MeeGo project.

# Binary Analysis released an open source licensing auditing tool for compliance & due-diligence.

# Ingres partnered with Engineering Ingegneria Informatica S.p.A on the SpagoBI Analytical Appliance.

# The Register reported on future plans for Drizzle and MariaDB.

# IronRuby reached version 1.0.

# Oracle halted the distribution of free OpenSolaris CDs.

# What is Open Cloud? Asked John Mark Walker.

# Funambol and Clearwire partnered on an open source 4G device management offering.

# SplendidCRM Software updated its Microsoft-centric open source CRM software with support for Exchange Server 2010.

# Jahia released Enterprise Edition v6.1 with an optimized search mechanism.

# Google will reportedly soon make its VP8 video codec open source.

# Schooner Info Tech updated its appliances for MySQL and memcached.

# MindTouch and Levementum partnered to enable integration with SugarCRM.

# SnapLogic launched its SnapStore integration store, partnership with SugarCRM.

# OpenLogic announced the general availability of OpenLogic OSS Deep Discovery.

# Time to fork OpenSolaris? IDG and Savio Rodrigues assess the arguments.

# CIO musings on open source – What have you done for me lately? Miriam Tuerk reported from the Open Source Think Tank.

# Geeknet launched SourceForge Downloads, a free, global download service.

# Assembla announced free subversion and git repository hosting.

451 CAOS Links 2010.04.06

Absolutely nothing about the iPad. Seriously – nothing at all.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Glyn Moody and The H reported on IBM’s use of pledged patents in its spat with TurboHercules.

# Advice on licensing Eclipse plug-ins using the GPL (or not) from the FSF and Eclipse Foundation.

# Open Invention Network added Ooma as a licensee.

# Red Hat CEO Jim Whitehurst called for more openness in automobiles: why Toyota should go open source.

# Zenoss began beta testing monitoring for clouds deployed on the Cisco Unified Computing System.

# WANdisco delivered certified Subversion binaries and support.

# Brian Proffitt wondered whether Oracle’s Solaris licensing change might actually be good for OpenSolaris.

# Miguel de Icaza argued that for open source to win, “we do not need Microsoft, Apple or proprietary software to lose”.

# Songbird decided to discontinue support for the Linux version.

# Please, no more ‘Open Source Company’, pleaded Ian Skerrett.

# Stephen O’Grady discussed forking, the future of open source, and Github.

# The VAR Guy reported that Red Hat is preparing a private cloud pitch for Wall Street.

# Nuxeo CEO Eric Barroca provided his thoughts on the open core licensing model.

# Miriam Tuerk interviewed Larry Augustin on the intersection of open source and cloud.

# Krishnan Subramanian discussed making money with open source, asking “does it matter”?

451 CAOS Links 2009.09.08

Reaction to EC’s Oracle-Sun delay. OIN to acquire ex-Microsoft patents. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory on Twitter and
“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

Reaction to EC’s Oracle-Sun delay
Despite widespread criticism of the European Commission’s decision to open a formal investigation into Oracle’s proposed acquisition of Sun, Glyn Moody maintained that the EC deserves credit for making open source a central part of its analysis. Meanwhile Monty Program (by way of Steven J Vaughan Nicholls) explained why the EU should block Oracle/Sun, Roberto Galoppini reported that “the EU has a chance to put our European money where its mouth is”, and Matt Asay speculated whether Oracle might end up getting Sun at a 50% discount.

Best of the rest
# reported that the OIN is about to acquire 22 patents previously owned by Microsoft.

# An EU report on the economic impact of software in EU 27 states indicated that open source software had a market value of €3.4B in 2008, up 57.7%.

# Univa UD announced the native OpenSolaris version of UniCluster.

# Reuven Cohen speculated as to who is behind the new Open vSwitch VLan and virtual private cloud project.

# TomTom introduced OpenLR, open-source, royalty-free dynamic location referencing technology.

# The President of Brazil said ‘Using free software improves relation between state and society’.

# LinuxInsider reported that it is boom time for FOSS.

# Phoronix published a few details On Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.

# ZDnet UK reported that Red Hat hypervisor management tools will run on Windows only.

# Roberto Galoppini profiled RiverMuse’s community building process.

451 CAOS Links 2009.06.02

Cloudera lands funding. SourceForge acquires Ohloh. Novell reports Linux growth. And more.

Follow 451 CAOS Links live @caostheory

Cloudera shows signs of progress

GigaOM reported that Cloudera raised $6m Series B funding from Accel and Greylock and is now looking beyond web applications to wider enterprise adoption of Hadoop. Cloudera also announced its first certification program for Hadoop.

Open source goes mainstream in the UK
There have been signs of change recently with regards to open source adoption in the UK, which has traditionally lagged behind the rest of Europe and the US. CBR Magazine provided an analysis of open source in the UK and the likely impact of the government action plan, while two good indicators of mainstream interest in open source came from The Economist’s evaluation the value of open source software in the recession and a documentary on BBC Radio 4 covering how how the open source model works and how its ethos is being applied to other kinds of business (the latter probably doesn’t work outside the UK).

Best of the rest
# SourceForge acquired Ohloh and published its, disappointing, Q1 results.

# Novell reported its Q1 results, with Linux providing a rare highlight. $37m came from Linux Platform Products in the quarter, up 25%, while total revenue declined to $216m from $236m. As reported, the company’s focus on using Linux growth to encourage revenue from other products and services means that the Linux business still not profitable.

# Red Hat unveiled JBoss Open Choice strategy for enterprise middleware. More details here.

# Sun updated OpenSolaris, and launched support services for the open source variant.

# Canonical announced deals with SanDisk, and Intel and support for Moblin.

# Alfresco and EnterpriseDB forged a technology and business alliance.

# OStatic reported on the rumour that Amazon is going to open source its web services and cloud APIs.

# Adobe updated its Flash tools and open source Flex framework.

# Jim Zemlin: Canola Project’s GPLv3 Permissions are Worth a Look.

# Infobright and Pentaho delivered an integrated open source da6ta warehousing and business intelligence virtual machine.

# The fight over open source ‘leeches’. A good summary from InfoWorld of the issues related to (lack of) corporate contributions.

# Infobright appointed Bob Zurek as CTO, VP product management.

# Xandros announced that it is developing products based on Moblin Version 2 project for Intel Atom-based platforms.

# MontaVista announced supports for Moblin v2.

# LiMo foundation completed the LiMo Platform R2 specifications.

# Jahia unveiled United Content Bus as part of the new Jahia Enterprise Edition v6. (PDF)

# Hippo launched a product and support offering for Apache Jetspeed 2.2.

# Engine Yard announced JRuby support.

# Zmanda announced that Recovery Manager for MySQL now supports Amazon EC.

# Josh Berkus: PostgreSQL development priorities.

# Matt Asay reported on Jahia’s ‘pay or contribute’ model.

# Mike Hogan compared the numbers on traditional licensing, versus open source support business models.

# SiCortex is in trouble.

# Ntirety expanded its remote database administration services to include MySQL.

# SugarCRM updated its web services and improved mobile CRM tools.

# Ian Skerrett provided the results of the Eclipse community survey; as well as top six insights.

# Mike Hogan on GPL licensing and MySQL storage engines.

# Matt Asay on why open source may prove a more efficient way to find new customers than industry consolidation offers.