MySQL at the core of commercial open source

Oracle last week quietely announced the addition of new extended capabilities in MySQL Enterprise Edition, confirming the adoption of the open core licensing strategy, as we reported last November.

The news was both welcomed and derided. Rather than re-hashing previous arguments about open core licensing, what interests me more about the move is how it illustrates the different strategies adopted by Sun and Oracle for driving revenue from MySQL, and how a single project can be used to describe most of the major strategies from generating revenue from open source software.

Like most open source-related software vendors, MySQL started out life offering support, training and consulting around the open source database. The company also saw success in offering a closed source variant of the database for embedding in closed source systems, and it was this dual licensing strategy that drove much of the company’s early revenue. That began to change with the arrival of MySQL Enterprise (initially ‘MySQL Network’) – a subscription offering that delivered monitoring and (later) backup capabilities to paying customers only. While some people see this as an example of the open core licensing strategy, as we have previously explained, it is not. While open core is an extension of the dual licensing strategy with additional extensions, MySQL AB’s MySQL Enterprise, as the graphic above illustrates, actually paired the extensions with the open source MySQL Community – a subtle difference from the MySQL Enterprise licensing strategy adopted by Oracle (more of which later).

MySQL flirted with the open core licensing model in early 2008 with plans to introduce new features into Enterprise Edition that would not be available under an open source license. Those plans were ultimately reversed at the behest of new owner Sun Microsystems. To understand why Sun did this one must consider the company’s wider strategy for open source at the time. While a software freedom philosophy played a part, Jonathan Schwartz’s map of open source downloads, each representing ‘a potential customer that cost Sun nothing to acquire’, explains how Sun was less interested in driving direct revenue from MySQL (and other open source software) as it was in helping open source users to become customers for Sun’s commodity hardware and other products and services. (Although as Henrik notes in the comments, Sun did also increase MySQL direct revenue as well).

Sun never got the chance to prove whether this model would have worked (I’m being polite), but in any case contrast Sun’s approach with Oracle’s strategy for open source. While the majority of Oracle’s revenue clearly comes from other products, it is not looking to drive revenue for those products via open source downloads. Witness Larry Ellison’s recent proclamation that he doesn’t care if Oracle x86 server business (typically used to run MySQL) goes to zero. Instead (for better or worse) the company is focused on driving revenue directly from each individual product, whether that is a high margin server, or closed or open source software. That has resulted in an increased investment in embedded opportunities for MySQL, as well as traditional software license agreements. While customers might choose to use MySQL Community and purchase additional support subscriptions, as of November 2010 Oracle prefers that Standard Edition and Enterprise Edition customers enter into a commercial license agreement with the company. That was a strategy that was in place in advance of last week’s addition of high availability, scalability and security features, but one that clearly looks set to continue.

Whether this is a good or a bad thing depends on your perspective. Monty Widenius does a good job of outlining the down sides to an open core licensing strategy, while Giuseppe Maxia focuses on the positives. Certainly Oracle will have to be mindful to balance the control and community aspects, but as we have previously covered (451 Group clients) there are a number of new capabilities in development for the core MySQL database itself. It is also worth noting, incidentally, that MySQL Enterprise Edition remains priced at $5,000 per server per year.

Oracle is not to blame for Sun’s open source failings

Oracle announced on Friday that it is to discontinue its commercial interest in the OpenOffice.org project, prompting a barrage of criticism from the open source faithful with regards to its approach to the open source applications project, and community in general.

The company was accused of being community-hostile, for example, and comparisons were also made to Colonel Gadhafi, while a translation of the press release into “plain English” apparently shed new light on the announcement.

In truth though, the language used in Oracle’s statement is hardly ambiguous:

“We will continue to make large investments in open source technologies that are strategic to our customers including Linux and MySQL. Oracle is focused on Linux and MySQL because both of these products have won broad based adoption among commercial and government customers.”

If an open source project is clearly of commercial value to Oracle it will invest in it. If not, it won’t. Why should it be any other way? Oracle is under no obligation to continue any of Sun’s products, open or closed, unless they are seen to be delivering value to the company.

It is certainly not obligated to clear up the mess left by Sun’s mishandling of the various open source projects it created, in particular the promises it made and then failed to keep.

Simon Phipps has categorised Oracle’s announcement under “betrayals”. Exactly who is being betrayed, how, and by whom is unclear.

Simon, as many people will be aware, was formerly chief open source officer at Sun, the company that created OpenOffice.org and promised (originally in 2000) to create an OpenOffice Foundation to run it.

Sun’s failure to relinquish control over OpenOffice.org during the ensuing 10 years led directly to the creation of the LibreOffice project and The Document Foundation in September 2010.

Could Oracle have better managed its dealings with the OpenOffice.org community since it closed its acquisition of Sun in January 2010 and avoided the split between OpenOffice.org and LibreOffice? Perhaps.

Certainly the company is in a position now to ensure that in transferring OpenOffice.org to a community-based project it seeks to unite the community rather than causing increased fracturing. [Update: The Document Foundation has issued a vague statement that appears to suggest it is not interested in reunification with OpenOffice.org.] Oracle should be judged on how it handles that challenge rather than previous challenges that were beyond its control.

Oracle has had 15 months to improve the relationship between the OpenOffice.org community and its corporate owner. Sun had 10 years. Some of those now pointing their fingers at Oracle would do well to remember that.

451 CAOS Links 2011.01.21

The OSI and FSF unite against CPTN. Appcelerator acquires Aptana. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# The OSI and the FSF published a joint position statement on the proposed sale of Novell’s patents to CPTN. (PDF)

# Groklaw reported that another party might be interested in Novell’s patents “and maybe more”.

# The European Commission is not interested in investigating the sale of Novell’s patents to CPTN.

# Appcelerator acquired Aptana.

# Open source graph database vendor Sones raised a second round of funding. Reportedly $2.68m.

# Savio Rodrigues considered the impact of Amazon Elastic Beanstalk on the open source Java market.

# CloudBees introduced training for Hudson continuous integration server.

# ActiveState and Rogue Wave partnered to bring embeddable mathematical and statistical functionality to Python developers.

# DotNetNuke introduced support for Microsoft’s WebMatrix and Razor products.

# OpenERP launched OpenERP v6 with both on-site and SaaS versions.

# Convirture surpassed 45,000 downloads of ConVirt Open Source in 2010 and now counts more than 2,000 deployments.

# Black Duck added 169 new customers in 2010.

# Funambol introduced Funambol v9.

# KnowledgeTree grew customer acquisitions 215% in the fourth quarter.

# Joyent announced SmartDataCenter 6, the latest version of its cloud operating system.

# OpenLogic is now providing support for Talend’s community edition data integration software.

# SkySQL gathered 40 customers in its first 12 weeks, generated sales of seven figures.

# EnterpriseDB is making its SQL/Protect, PL/Secure and xDB Replication Server tools available for PostgreSQL.

# The Apache Software Foundation announced Apache Pivot 2.0.

# Sonatype released the results of a survey of 1,600 developers, architects and managers.

# A year after Oracle’s acquisition of Sun, Eduardo Pelegri-Llopart reported on the status of the open source projects.

451 CAOS Links 2010.09.23

Red Hat’s Q2. Novell acquisition delay. And more.

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# Red Hat reported Q2 net income of $23.7m on revenue up 20% at $220m.

# Reuters reported on a delay for Novell’s acquisition, alternatives being considered.

# James Gosling explained to eWeek why he left Oracle.

# Stephen Walli maintained that FOSS licensing complexity may not actually be that complex.

# Gorilla Logic announced a new version of FlexMonkey, its open-source testing tool for Adobe Flex.

# The UK Goverment’t deputy CIO outlined plans to open up public sector IT contracts to open source suppliers.

# Cloudera published an interview with Twitter’s Kevin Weil on its use of Hadoop.

# The Center for Strategic & International Studies updated its survey of Government open source policies.

# Cloudera partnered with EMC’s Data Computing Products division to integrate Hadoop with its Greenplum database.

# Oracle proposed the Sapphire UI writing project to the technology container project at the Eclipse Foundation.

# Protecode launched its new Protecode System 4 License Obligations Report.

# TechWorld reported that Bristol council is set to embrace open source.

# VideoEgg agreed to acquire Six Apart, to form SAY Media.

451 CAOS Links 2010.09.10

Delayed reactions to Oracle vs Google. Liferay EE 6. CouchOne Mobile. And more.

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# The Free Software Foundation issued a statement on Oracle vs Google.

# Carlo Piana received assurance that Oracle is not embarking on an attack on free and open source software.

# Larry Rosen published his thoughts on open standards in the light of Oracle vs Google. (PDF)

# Liferay launched Liferay Portal 6 Enterprise Edition.

# Couchio changed its name to CouchOne and launched the CouchOne Mobile application development platform.

# Steven J Vaughan Nichols provided an overview of the ongoing Android/Linux kernel brouhaha.

# Directgov’s agile development team is seeking advice on which OSS licenses to use for government and public projects.

# Automattic handed the WordPress trademark to the WordPress Foundation.

# Simon Phipps discussed the various types of open source community.

# The Register reported on how Google’s search infrastructure has evolved beyond MapReduce.

# Dave Rosenberg discussed how GE uses Hadoop to analyze big data with GE’s Linden Hillenbrand.

# FierceGovernmentIT published a Q&A with Red Hat’s Gunnar Hellekson on open source adoption in government.

# The Illumos-based OpenIndiana distribution of OpenSolaris will launch on September 14.

# eZ Systems is opening up the development of eZ Publish with creation of eZ Publish Community Project.

# The H reported that the legal battle between NetApp and Sun, centered on the ZFS filesystem, has come to an end.

# Magento announced the public launch of its Magento Mobile ecommerce platform.

# Cloud Linux and Ksplice launched a rebootless Linux distribution for hosting service providers.

# Open-Xchange updated its open source collaboration software to version 6.18.

# The Microsoft CodePlex.com team donated $25,000 to the Mercurial project.

451 CAOS Links 2010.08.13

Oracle sues Google. Novell bidders down to three. VMware for Alfresco? And more.

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# Oracle filed a complaint against Google for patent and copyright infringement.

# Initial analysis of Oracle v Google from Andrew Savory, Miguel de Icaza, Brian Prentice and Carlo Daffara.

# The VAR Guy’s sources say VMware is mulling a partnership, investment or outright acquisition of Alfresco.

# The 451 Group’s Brenon Daly provided an update on the potential acquisition of Novell.

# Cloudera discussed common Hadoop administration issues, and how to avoid them.

# 10gen added to its engineering and sales teams and opened a Bay Area office.

# Novell announced that Amazon Web Services will offer support for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.

# The creators of SIPfoundry have cofounded eZuce to promote openUC open source communications software.

# DJ Walker-Morgan discussed the potential for an organic open source movement.

# The H reported that the GNOME Foundation has set out new rules for copyright assignment.

# Sendmail and Splunk introduced real-time monitoring and reporting into the Sentrion Message Processing Engine.

# MontaVista updated its Meld community for developers of embedded Linux devices.

# Simon Phipps declared “The [commercial open source] King Is Dead, Long Live The King”.

# The H reported that Canonical has explained the use of its new census package.

# Paula Rooney detailed the top challenges for Linux kernel team outlined at LinuxCon.

451 CAOS Links 2010.08.10

Compliance. Funding. Financial results. Copyright assignment. And more.

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Compliance
# The Linux Foundation launched the Open Compliance Program, including tools, training, and consulting.

Funding
# VentureBeat reported that Joyent has raised $7m in a second round of funding.

# Basho Technologies secured $2m from angel investors in a Series C preferred equity financing.

# StatusNet raised $1.4m led by New York-based FirstMark Capital joined by BOLDstart Ventures, iNovia Capital and Montreal Start Up.

Financial results
# Novell lowered its revenue guidance for Q3, citing uncertainty associated with its potential acquisition.

# Actuate reported $4.9m in BIRT-related business for Q2; up 48% over the prior year.

# SugarCRM reported 50% year-over-year growth in billings, and the addition of more than 540 new customers in the second quarter of 2010.

# OpenLogic reported 58% revenue growth in the second quarter, including 97% revenue growth for its OpenLogic Exchange (OLEX) suite.

Contributor agreements and copyright assignment
# The H reports on the challenges involved in copyright assignment.

# Meanwhile Martin Michlmayr explained the purpose of contributor agreements.

Android momentum
# Android sales overtook iPhone in the US according to the Nielsen Company, while figures from iSuppli indicated that Android will pass Apple’s iOS globally by 2012.

Product updates
# VMware announced SpringSource Hyperic 4.4, including enhanced integration with VMware vCenter Server.

# VMware also released the Zimbra Collaboration Suite Appliance, designed to run on the vSphere platform.

# WSO2 launched WSO2 Business Process Server 2.0, WSO2 Data Services Server 2.5, WSO2 Business Activity Monitor 1.1, WSO2 Gadget Server 1.1, and WSO2 Mashup Server 2.1.

# Jolicloud migrated its users to Jolicoud 1.0.

# Revolution Analytics introduced RevoScaleR, which provides a new framework for multi-core processing of large data sets.

# 10gen released version 1.6 of its MongoDB database with automatic sharding for horizontal scalability and high availability through replica sets.

# DSS announced the launch of vxVistA.org Second Generation, its open source collaboration environment.

# CollabNet delivered TeamForge 5.4, TeamForge SCM licensing option, and CollabNet Subversion Edge 1.1.

The best of the rest
# An Accenture survey indicated that two-thirds of organizations in the US, UK and Ireland anticipate increased investment in open source in 2010, with more than a third expecting to migrate mission-critical software to open source in the next twelve months.

# Nexenta announced its sponsorship of the Illumos OpenSolaris community.

# Simon Phipps asked “is the open source bubble over?”

# Groklaw published a transcript of Eben Moglen’s LibrePlanet 2010 keynote on the state of free software.

# Tasktop named Neelan Choksi president and COO.

# Carahsoft added Zend’s PHP software to its GSA Schedule for US federal, state, and local government agencies.

# Fred Holahan reports on Sun, IBM and MySQL storage engine chicanery.

# Qualcomm Innovation Center joined the Linux Foundation as a platinum member.

# Royal Pingdom reported on the consistent failure of Linux to grab even 1% of the desktop OS market.

# ForgeRock became a licensee of the Open Invention Network.

# Tasktop teamed with Accept to provide direct access to Accept360 Agile from within the Eclipse IDE.

# Carlo Daffara estimated the development, time to market and staff cost savings from re-using open source code.

# Matt Asay explained the ongoing dilemma that is open source support as a business strategy.

# Phoronix reported that Canonical has begun tracking Ubuntu installations.

# Couchio announced that a CouchDB SDK for Android devices is now available for free download.

# CFO published an article on Talend’s new CFO, Nick White, on importance of understanding open source.

# Microsoft’s open source IronRuby and IronPython projects are reportedly on rocky ground.

# GigaOm reported on open source and the hold up problem in the context of Flash.

451 CAOS Links 2010.07.16

SugarCRM. Funding for EnterpriseDB and Morphlabs. Even more core. And more

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

Bittersweet
# OStatic asked whether SugarCRM has violated open source principles.

# Larry Augustin clarified SugarCRM’s approach to open source and openness.

# Savio Rodrigues advised anyone considering SugarCRM not to get hung-up on source code availability.

Funding round
# EnterpriseDB has reportedly raised $7.5m of a planned $12m round of funding.

# Morphlabs raised $5.5m series B financing from Frontera Group, CSK Venture Capital and AO Capital Partners.

Even more core
# Jack Repenning called for an exploration of the delicate line between “crippleware” and “added value.”

# Likewise Software argued that customers drive open core.

# Stephen Walli explained how the success or failure of an open core model depends on execution.

Best of the rest
# Simon Phipps explained what led the OpenSolaris Governing Board to issue its ultimatum to Oracle.

# A Jaspersoft survey suggested Oracle’s acquisition of Sun may spark resurgence of Java and faster growth of MySQL.

# The Apache Software Foundation announced its new board members.

# Talend grew its customer base by 50% to over 1,500 customers in the first half of 2010, with 450,000 open source users.

# Part two of TEC’s interview with Consona’s CEO about its acquisition of Compiere.

# Are WordPress themes required to use the GPL? Tris Hussey provided an into to the ongoing debate.

# Joyent acquired software virtual server management tools provider Layerboom Systems.

# Opsview released version 3.8 of Opsview Enterprise, claiming data collection performance improvements over Nagios.

# Linux Journal reported that Mandriva’s press release raises more questions than answers.

# Cloudera is building a connector between Netezza’s TwinFin appliance and Cloudera’s Distribution for Hadoop.

# The end of Micosoft’s agreement with the UK NHS provides an opportunity for open source.

# Vodafone Group announced that it will make its location based services software open source.

# SourceForge launched its new forge development platform. Adobe is the first user.

# Glyn Moody published a Q&A with Richard Stallman on .NET, Mono and DotGNU.

# Couchio announced the release of CouchDB 1.0, the Apache NoSQL document database.

# MindTouchlaunched MindTouch 2010, including curation analytics for content and documentation.

# nPulse Technologies delivered its Dragonfly family of open source-based high-speed network sensors.

# A man walks in to a bar… Yves de Montcheuil is in search of a suitable analogy for open source and the cloud.

451 CAOS Links 2010.07.13

More core. Open source mapping. Sugar 6. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

More core: the open core debate continues (chronologically)
# Groklaw: Open Core and the OSI
# Giuseppe Maxia: Open to the core – The pragmatic freedom
# Henrik Ingo: If you’re selling to your community… you’ve got it backwards.
# Mark Radcliffe: Open Core Debate: Avoiding the Law of Unintended Consequences
# Savio Rodriques: Afraid of open core lock-in? Should you be?
# Carlo Dafarra: An on-vacation post on Open core
# Henrik Ingo: So if I don’t call myself ‘open source vendor’, then everything is fine? (yes)
# Jay Lyman: Do customers want open core?
# Miriam Tuerk: Open Core is Critical to the Future Success of Open Source
# Stephen Walli: Software Freedom, Open Source Software, and Jane Jacobs.

Open source mapping
# MapQuest announced plans to embrace open-source mapping.

# ESRI released an open source add-on for ArcGIS 10 allowing users to contribute data to OpenStreetMap.

# ESRI is also launching Linux-based ArcGIS Server 10 systems via a partnership with Cutting Edge Networked Storage.

The best of the rest
# SugarCRM announced the launch of Sugar 6, with a focus on ease of use, flexibility and openness.

# Monty Widenius is appealing against the EC’s decision to clear Oracle’s acquisition of Sun.

# The SCO Group appealed. Again.

# An interview with Consona’s CEO about Compiere.

# Jorg Janke discussed how Compiere’s approach to development and licensing impacted its community contributions.

# IBM and the EU partnered on open source projects designed to make government run more smoothly.

# OpenGamma emerged from stealth mode.

# The H reported that the OpenSolaris governing board is threatening dissolution.

# Alfresco Enterprise Edition 3.3 is now certified on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Server Edition.

# Widespread adoption of open source and expanding M&A activity continued to drive growth for Black Duck.

# Calpont updated its InfiniDB Enterprise Edition analytic database to version 1.5.

# An interview with the CIO of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture on attitudes to and adoption of OSS.

# MuleSoft announced the availability of Tcat Server 6 R3, based on Apache Tomcat.

# Cycle Computing’s CycleCloud now supports access to Amazon EC2’s Cluster Compute Instances.

# Alfresco launched the Alfresco Community Committer Program.

# Todd Lipcon discussed Cloudera’s support for HBase.

# A comparison of Apache Cassandra and Apache HBase database projects.

# Nagios Enterprises launched Nagios XI.

# nSyte Software launched nQuire, a SaaS tool for auditing for inadvertent use of open source software.

# Cloud Linux announced SecureLVE, an extension of its Lightweight Virtual Environment for shared hosting servers.

# Worth a read in a “man bites dog” type way: Why Open Source Stalls Innovation and Patents Advance It

451 CAOS Links 2010.06.29

Elephants on parade: Hadoop goes mainstream. And more.

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Elephants on parade
# Cloudera launched v3 of its Distribution for Hadoop and released v1 of Cloudera Enterprise.

# Karmasphere released new Professional and Analyst Editions of its Hadoop development and deployment studio.

# Talend announced that its Integration Suite now offers native support for Hadoop.

# Yahoo announced the beta release of Hadoop with Security and Oozie, Yahoo’s workflow engine for Hadoop.

# Datameer announced a strategic partnership with Zementis for predictive analytics on Hadoop.

# The Register reported that Twitter is set to open source its MySQL-to-Hadoop tool.

# MicroStrategy announced support for Apache Hadoop as a data source for MicroStrategy 9.

# Appistry announced Hadoop-based strategic alliances Concurrent, Datameer and Kitenga.

# GOTO Metrics released Data Analytics Platform, a Hadoop-based business intelligence platform.

Best of the rest
# The Software Freedom Law Center responded to the Supreme Court’s decision on Bilski v. Kappos, while Mark Radcliffe provided his thoughts.

# David Wiley discussed openness, radicalism, and tolerance (and the lack of it).

# Jorg Janke discussed how Compiere overstepped the balance between proprietary and open product components.

# Simon Phipps argued that open core is bad for software freedom.

# Nick Halsey joined SugarCRM as chief marketing officer.

# DotNetNuke more than doubled its subscription customers in 1H10 to nearly 800, expects 400% FY revenue growth.

# Nuxeo announced its new Nuxeo Case Management Framework.

# Mike Masnick discussed why the lack of billion dollar pure play open source software companies is a good thing.

# The Apache Software Foundation announced Apache Tomcat Version 7.0.

# Glyn Moody asked whether Oracle has been a disaster for Sun’s open source.

# Infoworld discussed eight business strategies for profiting from open source software.

# Computerworld reported that Red Hat CEO sees VMware as biggest competitor.

# IBM published an essay on the role Linux plays in its smarter planet initiative.

# Groklaw asked, What did Microsoft know about SCO’s plan to attack Linux, and when did it know it?

# Mozilla won the American Business Award for the most innovative company of the year.

451 CAOS Links 2010.06.25

Red Hat lays the Foundations for cloud. Funding for Sencha and Nuxeo. And more.

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# Red Hat took a solution-led approach to the cloud with Red Hat Cloud Foundations, and launched Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization 2.2 with both server and desktop virtualization. Meanwhile Red Hat and Cisco announced the integration of Cisco VN-Link with Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization. Red Hat also released JBoss Enterprise Portal Platform 5.0, while eXo introduced eXo Add-on Modules for JBoss Enterprise Portal Platform Site Publisher. Matt Asay examined where Red Hat is growing.

# Sencha, which was recently formed via the merger of Ext JS, jQTouch and Raphaël, raised $14m from Sequoia Capital and Radar Partners.

# Nuxeo added $3.3m to its series A funding round.

# Oracle returned Sun to profitability. (PDF)

# GroundWork Open Source announced GroundWork Monitor Cloud Connector for Eucalyptus, and claimed to have doubled its customer-base since January 2010 and quadrupled it in the last eight months.

# NorthScale released Membase Server, a persistent NoSQL database based on memcached, and formed the Membase.org open source project with Membase Server users Zynga and NHN.

# The Eclipse Helios release is now available for download.

# Adobe agreed to publish its Puppet modules for managing Hadoop in the Puppet Forge.

# Zend Technologies announced the general availability of Zend Server Cluster Manager.

# Nokia will use Linux MeeGo software in its N-series phones.

# eXo Platform released eXo Collaboration 2.0 and eXo Knowledge 2.0.

# ActiveState added support for financial and scientific computing Python packages.

# OKI released the source code to SFF, a SIP application development framework for Mobicents.

# Google released the Android 2.2 “Froyo” source code, as the H reports.

# Matt Asay assessed the potential value of Novell.

# Glyn Moody asked Can the CodePlex Foundation Free itself from Microsoft?

# AlienVault released version 2.3 of its AlienVault Professional SIEM.

# Tasktop Technologies announced Tasktop Pro 1.7, which builds on the release of Mylyn 3.4.

# Zmanda released Zmanda Cloud Backup 3.0.

# WANdisco released WANdisco certified Subversion binaries for Windows.

# The Inquirer reported that Mandriva has been saved from being acquired.

# Ars Technica reported that openSUSE developers are seeking greater autonomy from Novell.

# Marten Mickos defended the open core licensing strategy, while Henrik Ingo argued that open core is not open source.

451 CAOS Links 2010.05.14

CEO change at Mozilla. What went wrong at Sun. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# As John Lilly steps down as CEO of Mozilla, the search is on for his replacement. While Internet.com reported on the Firefox 4 roadmap.

# What went wrong at Sun, according to Larry Ellison.

# As Mandriva’s CEO confirmed takeover talks, Joe Brockmeier wondered if it’s better if Mandriva doesn’t find a buyer. Further thoughts.

# Savio Rodrigues discussed why open source won’t prevent cloud lock-in.

# The Eclipse Foundation launched Eclipse Labs, in conjunction with Google.

# RiverMuse updated its RiverMuse Pro real-time IT operations management software to version 2.0.

# MuleSoft released the Mule ESB Management Console.

# Yahoo is reportedly planning to open source its internal cloud serving platform.

451 CAOS Links 2010.04.13

600 new customers for SugarCRM. James Gosling leaves Oracle. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# SugarCRM added nearly 600 customers in the first quarter of 2010.

# James Gosling resigned from Oracle.

# VMware’s SpringSource acquired Rabbit Technologies and its RabbitMQ messaging software.

# EnterpriseDB hired Sun’s former MySQL VP Karen Tegan Padir as vice president of products and marketing.

# Xen.org released version 4.0 of the Xen open source hypervisor.

# Talend 4.0 includes data integration, data quality and master data management in a single offering.

# rPath offered improved Linux patching capabilities, targets Red Hat Network Satellite users.

# SugarCRM has made the primary source code repository for Sugar Community Edition publicly accessible at SugarForge.

# Gear6’s memcached distribution supports native query and Redis integration, and is now available on Ubuntu and Debian.

# Percona announced Percona Server with XtraDB as a drop-in replacement for MySQL.

# Mezeo Software and Zmanda partnered on a new cloud storage backup offering.

# The Apache Software Foundation announced Apache Cassandra release 0.6.

# Fonality and SugarCRM partnered to provide contact center offering.

# Black Duck reported bookings up 80%, 31 new customers in the first quarter.

# Ulteo joined the Open Invention Network.

# The Linux Foundation announced the expansion of companies participating in the MeeGo project.

# Black Duck Software released a code search plug-in for Visual Studio 2010.

# Twitter released the source code to FlockDB, its distributed graph database technology.

# Hippo CEO Jeroen Verberg’s shared his thoughts on open source-related business strategies.

# EditShare announced plans to release Lightworks media editing software as open source.

# Marten Mickos’s presentation at Parc Forum – Open for business: Building successful commerce around open source.

451 CAOS Links 2010.03.23

Marten Mickos joins Eucalyptus. Novell rejects Elliot. Perspectives on OSBC. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Mårten Mickos was named CEO of Eucalyptus Systems.

# Novell’s board rejected Elliot’s takeover proposal as inadequate, will review other alternatives.

# North Bridge Venture Partners published the results of its Future of Open Source survey.

# Rob Bearden was appointed executive chairman of the board of Pentaho.

# The Eclipse Foundation announced the creation of two new EclipseRT projects: Eclipse Gemini and Eclipse Virgo.

# The Tokyo Stock Exchange selected Red Hat Enterprise Linux as the platform for its next-generation trading system.

# Red Hat announced the launch of JBoss Enterprise SOA Platform 5.0.

# Russia approved Oracle’s acquisition of Sun, on the condition that it continue to develop MySQL.

# Brian Aker asked and answered the question “Where did all of the MySQL developers go?”

# rPath joined the Linux Foundation.

# Sonatype announced Maven Studio for Eclipse, an Eclipse IDE optimized for Maven.

# MoSync added support for Android devices in its cross-platform mobile development SDK.

# GoAhead software shifted to an open source model based around the OpenSAF high availability middleware project.

# Olliance published an interview with Miguel Valdés Faura, CEO and co-founder of BonitaSoft.

# Glyn Moody interviewed Eben Moglen about his plan to save us from the big data hoarders.

# Protecode launched the Library IP Auditor, an extension to the Protecode Enterprise IP Analyzer product.

# Monty Widenius reflected on year one of MariaDB.

# The CodePlex Foundation announced the formation of its second open source gallery.

# Carlo Daffara published a small and unscientific, but very interesting, exploration of OSS license use.

# Opentaps released version 1.4 of its open source ERP + CRM system.

# Novell and Ingres announced that Ingres’s database is available within SUSE Studio as part of the SUSE Appliance Program.

# Glyn Moody dissected Microsoft’s view on the Apple v HTC patent fight and sees trouble ahead.

# Microsoft announced that it is taking a more active role participating in the development of the jQuery JavaScript Library.

Perspectives on OSBC

# LinuxPlanet reported on one of two CAOS presentations at OSBC, while Stephen Walli blogged about 451 CAOS’s visual model for open source business.

# Jay Lyman’s post on OSBC 2010 – Age of open source enablement.

# Tarus Balog’s perspective on OSBC day one, and day two.

# Matt Asay reported on Red Hat CEO Jim Whitehurst’s keynote at OSBC.

# Good recap of Tim O’Reilly’s keynote at OSBC: the future’s in the data.

# A review of OSBC, from a Microsoft interoperability perspective.

451 CAOS Links 2010.03.12

Updating the MPL. Funding for Lucid and eXo. StatusNet. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

Updating the MPL
# ZDnet reported that the 10-year-old Mozilla Public License will be updated by the end of 2010, while Mitchell Baker explained the process.

Funding for Lucid and eXo
# Lucid Imagination raised $10m in series B funding from Shasta Ventures, Granite Ventures and Walden International.

# eXo Platform raised $6m from Auriga Partners and XAnge Capital and confirmed Bob Bickel as its chairman.

Status check
# StatusNet launched the StatusNet Cloud Service (SCS) into public beta, while OStatic published a Q&A with StatusNet’s CEO on the future of the open source microblogging platform provider.

Busy week for Simon Phipps
# Sun’s chief open source officer, Simon Phipps confirmed he will not be joining Oracle, but also confirmed his election as director of the Open Source Initiative. Joe Brockmeier asked if Simon Phipps will be able to energize the OSI.

# Jay Pipes confirmed that he and many of the Sun Drizzle team are now working at Rackspace Cloud.

# Open Source for America responded to the IIPA’s attack on open source.

# In the first of a series of article’s OpenNMS’s Tarus Balog explained what it takes to build an open source business. http://bit.ly/cTbQq1

# Bloomberg reported, and Elliot denied, that it plans to sell Novell’s NetWare and Linux units.

# Engine Yard claimed to have tripled its customer base in the last six months to reach 1,000 customers.

# SpringSource introduced SpringSource tc Server Spring Edition.

# Dirk Riehle outlined the three areas of open source economics.

# The VAR Guy speculated about Red Hat’s apparently imminent move into business intelligence.

# Digg explained its move from MySQL to Apache Cassandra.

# Appcelerator Titanium 1.0 is now generally available.

# SugarCRM launched its Open+ Partner Program.

# Terracotta announced the availability of Ehcache 2.0 as well as upgrades to Terracotta Web Sessions.

# MySQL/Memcached appliance vendor Schooner was ranked 34th on the WSJ’s list of the top 50 venture-backed companies, while Groundwork Open Source was ranked 28th.

# OSS Watch published an explanation of how the threat to copyleft licenses is not proliferation, but incompatibility.

# A short but sweet explanation of Cloudera’s formation and raison d’être.

# An interview with WaveMaker CEO Chris Keene on commercial open source licensing, business, community strategies.

# Squiz updated its MySource Matrix open source CMS with formal support for Funnelback Search.

# The creators of the Hypertable open source distributed (NoSQL) database have formed Hypertable Inc.

451 CAOS Links 2010.03.02

Novell’s Q1. The future of OpenSolaris. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Novell reported Linux platform revenue of $37.5m in Q1, up 6.4%.

# Internet.com reported that Novell’s Linux business broke even as Microsoft deal revenues fade.

# As the H reported Oracle exec Dan Roberts confirmed that OpenSolaris has a future at Oracle.

# Citrix acquired Paglo, launched GoToManage service.

# StatusNet launched StatusNet Enterprise Network, a support program for corporate clients.

# Stephen O’Grady dismantled Gartner’s prediction about commercial open source revenue source.

# Researchers at the University of Oviedo estimated that the cost of replicating the Linux kernel at over €1bn.

# Dave Rosenborg reported on IBM’s use of Hadoop, Nutch and Pig to create BigSheets, a web-based analytics project.

# Dave Kellog published his thoughts on the NoSQL movement and open source. http://bit.ly/dhd7ol

# The Tech Teapot published an exploration of open core licensing in network management.

# SEP AG released the source code of its SEP sesam backup and recovery software under the GNU GPL.

# Zend announced the general availability of Zend Server 5.0.

# Computerworld reported that Twitter is migrating from MySQL to NoSQL, specifically Apache Cassandra.

# Talend signed an OEM agreement with BonitaSoft to integrate BonitaSoft’s BPM in its MDM Enterprise Edition product.

# Sourcefire and Immunet partnered to create a free, Windows-based version of ClamAV.

# Musings upon the open core functionality ceiling from Tech Teapot and Tarus Balog.

# Jeremy Allison argued that Sun’s need to control the code cost them the company.

# Nexenta Systems included ZFS-based in-line deduplication in NexentaStor 3.0.

# Alfresco is targeting Eastern Europe, Russia, and CIS via partnership with VDEL.

# Mark Callaghan compared MySQL and the various NoSQL databases.

# Sonatype reported that Intuit has moved its software development to Maven and Nexus Professional.

# CollabNet noted the promotion of Subversion from Apache Incubator to Top-Level Project (TLP) status.

# Matt Asay told Roberto Galoppini about his top priorities as COO of Canonical.

# Kolab Systems launched to provide support and services for the Kolab groupware project.

# Carlo Daffara published “How to analyse an OSS business model – part three.

# Olliance published part two of Miriam Tuerk’s interview with Brian Gentile, CEO of Jaspersoft.

451 CAOS Links 2010.02.09

Ken Jacobs departs Oracle. Linus loves his Nexus One. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# As Matt Asay noted, Ken Jacobs’ departure from Oracle is a significant loss for MySQL.

# Linus Toravlds gave the Nexus One his personal thumbs-up.

# Glyn Moody outlined the H.264 video standards debate.

# Oracle job cuts affect GNOME accessibility work but, as Joe Brockmeier pointed out, the blame lies with everyone.

# SourceForge project administrators can now decide if their projects should be subject to US export controls.

# MuleSoft partnered with GoGrid to offer Cloudcat – a cloud-based Tiomcat service.

# Gear6’s Memcached service for the cloud is now available on GoGrid.

# Terracotta entered into an integration and joint sales and marketing deal with Eucalyptus Systems.

# OpenECP, a fork of Enomaly’s Elastic Computing Platform launched.

# Ericsson deployed the OpenSAF high availability middleware technology in carrier networks.

# Government Technology compared the open source policies of California and San Francisco.

# Tim Bray is maintaining a list of all the vendors offering to hire ex-Sun staff.

Copyrights and wrongs

One of the issues I have with the Free Software approach is that advocates have habit of throwing the baby out with the bathwater when discussing issues that they see as in any way negative to free software.

I was reminded of this while reading Bradley M. Kuhn’s criticism of Mark Shuttleworth’s reported views on copyright assignment.

Having read the original interview with Mark, and then Bradley’s response, it is pretty clear that the two have very different perspectives on copyright assignment: Mark is speaking from the perspective of a commercial business, Bradley form that of a non-profit foundation.

The two entities have very different reasons for enforcing copyright assignment policies, and Bradley is right to point out that a potential contributor should approach a copyright assignment policy from a commercial entity with a great degree of caution.

However, the ultimate reason for enforcing copyright assignment is about control. From a vendor’s perspective the desire for control is often to produce closed versions of the code. From the FSF’s perspective the desire for control is about keeping the code, and derivatives of it, open.

However, the fact that the FSF “promises to never proprietarize its versions of the software assigned to it”, does not support Bradley’s assertion that Mark “wants to confuse us about copyright assignment so we just start signing away our software”.

This claim is especially problematic given that Mark appeared (and it must be said we are reliant on the reporting of his statements to understand what he meant by them) to be attempting to reduce confusion around copyright assignments by, if possible, introducing some sort of standardization.

This is a suggestion that deserves more consideration. However, Bradley is so busy protecting the FSF from being maligned by Mark that he completely ignores the point raised by Mark – that copyright assignment policies are confusing, complex, and potentially problematic.

As the iTWire report demonstrates, the issue of copyright assignment is not just one that impacts contributions by individual developers (which is a common way of looking at it) but also of contributions from employees of Canonical to projects led by the likes of MySQL, Zope, Novell, Red Hat, Intel and others.

As previously noted, Oracle’s acquisition of Sun, and with it MySQL, has highlighted the issue of copyright control in encouraging/restricting community development in vendor-led development projects and providing acquirers with the potential to close an open source project.

Clearly, the issue is not as problematic for non-profit foundation-led projects, but the issue of copyright assignment needs more thoughtful assessment than a response that amounts to “non-profit=good, for-profit=bad”.

For more considered analysis of the issue of copyright assignment see:
Dave Neary: Copyright assignment and other barriers to entry
CAOS Theory: On the importance of copyright assignment
Daniel Chalef: OSBC, Community Engagement and Contributor Agreements
Michael Meeks: Some thoughts on Copyright Assignment
Tarus Balog: More on Copyright Assignment

451 CAOS Links 2010.02.06

Matt Asay joins Canonical. Paula Hunter joins the CodePlex Foundation. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

# Matt Asay joined Canonical as chief operating officer.

# Paula Hunter was named executive director of the CodePlex Foundation.

# Actuate recorded $6.5m in BIRT-related business for Q4; annual BIRT-related business of $18.2m up 18%.

# Glyn Moody outlined The Great Oracle Experiment.

# The Symbian Foundation confirmed the 100% open source Symbian platform.

# Zarafa’s Collaboration Platform is to be packaged for Ubuntu and Fedora.

# Jaspersoft 3.7 Community release is now available.

# Oracle updated its Oracle Enterprise Pack plug-ins for Eclipse.

# CBR published an interview with Novell CEO on the company’s new strategy.

# Nuxeo released its open source Digital Asset Management offering Nuxeo DAM.

# Oracle is discontinuing access to Project Kenai, Sun’s open source project-hosting site.

# Jonathan Schwartz explained his departure from Sun: “Financial crisis/Stalled too many customers/CEO no more.”

# Funambol released version 8.5 of its mobile data sync and collaboration platform.

# Sauce Labs added a number of Python and Jython core committers to its team.

# OSOR.eu is offering public administrations access to more than two thousand free and open source applications.

# INSIDE Contactless is making its Open NFC protocol stack available using the Apache License.

# Bradley M Kuhn provided his views on copyright assignment.

# Black Duck Software was awarded a patent for automatically resolving software license obligations and conflicts.

# Greg Kroah-Hartman published Android and the Linux kernel community.

# Monty Widenius’s view on what to expect next from Oracle-MySQL. Parts one and two.

# Facebook released HipHop, a source code transformer for PHP.

451 CAOS Links 2010.02.02

Oracle’s plans for Sun’s OSS. The UK’s updated OSS strategy. And more.

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“Tracking the open source news wires, so you don’t have to.”

Oracle’s plans for Sun’s OSS
# Oracle’s MySQL strategy slide.

# eWeek reported that database thought leaders are divided on Oracle MySQL.

# Savio Rodrigues and Computerworld on Oracle’s plans for MySQL, other open source assets.

# Zack Urlocker is leaving Oracle/Sun/MySQL.

# Red Hat’s Mark Little maintained that despite acquisitions elsewhere, Red Hat is till the home of open source.

# ForgeRock was formed to provide a new home for Sun Microsystems’ OpenSSO product.

# Continuent, Codership, and Monty Program are planning enhancements to the replication system in MariaDB/MySQL.

UK updates open source strategy

# Techworld reported that open source vendors underwhelmed by the UK government’s open source policy update.

# Alan Lord explained the changes that have and haven’t been made to the UK’s open source policy.

Best of the rest
# Alfresco shifted its Community Edition to the LGPL.

# Marten Mickos is now entrepreneur in residence at Index Ventures, as well as Benchmark Capital.

# Mark Shuttleworth called for a uniform copyright assignment policy for free and open source software projects.

# Facebook has either rewritten the PHP runtime from scratch or is introducing a new compiler.

# SD Times reported that Microsoft has distributed almost all its coupons for Novell SUSE Linux support.

# Brian Proffitt speculated about how many SUSE Linux servers you can buy with $240m in coupons.

# Calpont launched InfiniDB Enterprise, MySQL-based analytic database engine.

# The H asked ‘When is it worth saying it’s Linux?’

# Nuxeo added Studio, a configuration and customization environment to its Connect subscription service.

# Appcelerator claimed to have added 1,000 new developers since adding support for the iPad.

# Opengear scored a $1 million open source deal.

# Telefónica released a number of projects related to its Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) clouds research.

# An interview with Jaspersoft CEO, Brian Gentile, on open source strategies.

# Joe Brockmeier argued that Defective by Design is is increasingly out of touch with the majority of users.

# Zenoss claimed 150% revenue growth, pitches itself as a virtualization management vendor.

# Zend Technologies’ Zend Framework 1.10 added support for Windows Azure.

# The Civic Hacker compared the open source policies of San Francisco, Vancouver and Portland.

# GovFresh investigated what the Open Government Directive Means for open source.

# The H reported that CloudLinux has presented a beta version of its Linux distribution for web hosting services.

# Andy Oram explained how trademark law “hasn’t caught up to free and open source software”.

# Pentaho’s CEO claimed the company will double bookings in 2010.

# Infobright delivered multi-server high availability with version 3.1.1 of its Enterprise Edition data warehouse.

# Open-Xchange is offering its open source e-mail and groupware software on a hardware appliance.

# CVSDude became Codesion, delivers on-demand version control offering.

# ActiveState launched Business Edition, providing support for ActivePerl, ActivePython and ActiveTcl.

# Continuent is to focus its attention on the data management of SaaS providers.

# Spanish public administrations are sponsoring the development of Zorb, an open source extension to Nagios.